Athens Democracy

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  • 1. DEMOCRACY IN ANCIENT ATHENS. V th CENTURY B. C.
  • 2.
  • 3. THE POLIS
    • Its formed by quite a small territory which includes a central city and the rural space in the citys surroundings.
    • Its the principal institution of sociopolitical organisation in Ancient Greece.
    • The most prominent examples: Sparta and Athens.
  • 4. Sparta
  • 5. Social organization in Sparta
    • A privileged and militarized class: the homoioi .
    • The apella , the gerousia , the ephors and the two kings.
    • Farmers, craftsmen and merchants: the perioeci .
    • The slaves: the helots.
  • 6. Athens
  • 7. EKKLESIA BOULE POPULAR COURTS MAGISTRATES GOVERNMENT ORGANS IN ATHENS
    • ALL THE ATHENS CITIZENS
    • TO VOTE TAXES AND LAWS
    • TO DECLARE THE WAR
    • 500 CITIZENS, ELEC-
    • TED FOR ONE YEAR
    • TO REDACT THE LAWS
    • 6000 CITIZENS
    • ELECTED AT RANDOM
    • TO RULE ATHENS POLI-
    • TICS AND ATHENS ARMY
    • ELECTED FOR ONE YEAR
  • 8. PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ATHENS DEMOCRACY
    • All the citizens have the same rights ( isonomia )
    • All the citizens are allowed and encouraged to speak in the Ekklesia ( isogoria )
    • All the citizens have the same chances to hold a political post ( isocracia )
    • Take for granted that women, foreign people and slaves are excluded of Athens citizenship.
  • 9. The man: Pericles (490-429)
    • He was the leader of Athens democratic group for more than thirty years.
    • All over those years, he took a lot political posts. For fifteen years he was reelected for that of estratega , something like the leader of Athens army.
    • During the time of his leadership it was decided to build the Parthenon.
  • 10. LEGISLATIVE POWER EXECUTIVE POWER JUDICIAL POWER GREEK DEMOCRACY MODERN DEMOCRACY COMPARISON WITH MODERN DEMOCRACY ECLESIA PARLIAMENT GOVERNMENT MAGISTRATES JUDGES POPULAR COURTS