Asoka - Application of Oriental Indian Management System in Modern Management

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  1. 1. AsokaGreat IndianManagement System(Application of Oriental Indian Management System in ModernManagement)Dr. Siba Prasad Rath 2012
  2. 2. Contents1. Asoka - Great Indian Management System1The Maurya Rulers Succession 5Asoka the Great Career Path62. Asoka- Winning the Race Strategies9Advanced Corporate Governance Model of Maurya Phase11Empire Governance through Zero-Failure Alternative Mechanism 11Garrisoned Strategic Townships 12Confederacy Governing Mechanisms & Successful Management 15Asokas Economics of Public Life Commerce & Trade (Model)17High Traffic and High Trade Routes Effective Management18Highway Mainland Roads Trade and Logistics Management19Industry and Production Control Management 20Asokas Economics of Public Life Industry (Model)22Strategic Alliance with Ceylon and Custodian of Buddhistand Hindu Holy Sites Supreme Tact in Management223. Military Organization Management Second to None 24Military System Supply Chain Management(Zero-Failure & Zero-Defect) of Asokan Army28
  3. 3. Supply Chain Management of Asokas Maurya Empire 304. Management of Finance, Agriculture, Judiciary,Welfare State & Social Order by Asoka the Great31Financial Management 32Agriculture Productivity and Infrastructure Management 34Asokas Economics of Public Life Agriculture (Model) 36Judiciary and Welfare State Management 37Social Order Management of the Empire385. Revolutionary Change Management Kalinga War 40Historical Links of Odisha & Sri Lanka 40Culture Transmission 42Kinship Relationship of Kalinga with Sri Lanka (Vijayan) 44Aftermath Effects of Kalinga War The Stronger Sri Lanka Link 45Revolutionary Change Management - KALINGA War &Establishment of Corporate Benevolence Governance48Asokas Communication Management Model ofPhilosophy, Mission & Goals53Management of Strategic International TradeRelations through 3rd Buddhist Council - Asoka 54
  4. 4. 6. Management of Life Excellence- the World of the Great 59Third Buddhist Council A Stepping Stone60Dhamma The Inclusion and Management of Life Excellence 627. Asokan Management Theorization66Military Management67Public Administration & Corporate Governance 68Welfare System Management68Agriculture, Industry & Trade Management System68Efficient Financial Control and Treasury Management69Human Resource Management & Development79Corporate Governance Model 70Revolutionary Change Management74
  5. 5. AcknowledgementI strongly acknowledge the critics, commentators, friends, scholars,colleagues and students who have shared their valuable time and energy inunderstanding and interpreting the works and actions of Asoka the Great.Management Gurus like Dr. Biswajit Das, Dr. Shivshankar Mishra,colleagues & friends like Dr. S. K. Baral, Prof. Archana Chaudhury, Prof.S.P. Kabi Satpathy, Prof. L. N. Das, Prof. A.K. Shaw, Prof. Meena Sinha,Prof. Priya Puthan, Prof. Gerard DSouza and students deserves specialthanks. In the attempt of researching and producing Indian ManagementSystem a step further is this book Asoka Great Indian ManagementSystem (Application of Oriental Indian Management System in Modernmanagement). Aditya and Siddharth (sons) & Ranjita (wife) have a specialmention owing to their patience, support and encouragement in producingthis manuscript.Dr. Siba Prasad Rath
  6. 6. PrefaceModern management has its roots of origin in the military science &management. Worlds greatest management principles are derived fromthe techniques and tact of wars. Great rulers of the world are known fortheir management achievements. Only a few figures have qualified to thelist of the the Great rulers of the world like Alexander the Great, Asoka theGreat, Julius Caesar the Great. Amongst them the last was Napoleon theGreat of the 19th century. India has produced two the Great emperors Asoka the Great and Akbar the Great; one from the Maurya dynasty andthe other from the Mughal dynasty. Asoka was the Great ruler of the 3rdcentury B.C. with unique achievements to exceed any other great ruler ofthe world. Historically Asoka used the most advanced techniques andapplications of Chanakya or Kautilya - the greatest philosopher and thepragmatic management philosopher of the world, who created the MauryanEmpire under his philosophy of the Unitary India, the first empire of India.Under the pragmatic management application Chanakya designed anddeveloped a third party army and defeated the Greek generals ofAlexander the Great at several battlefronts. Chandragupta Maurya the firstemperor of the Maurya Empire was the disciple of Chanakya. FromChandragupta his able son Bindusara succeeded the throne of the MauryaEmpire. Asoka was the son of Bindusara and occupied the throne of theMagadh the capital of the Maurya Empire through power struggle.Chanakya had made the empire a large corporation with a King, who wasa C.E.O. (Chief Operating Officer). Chanakya can be claimed as theModern Management Guru due to his excellent management strategies ofwinning any problems of empire management and management of life and
  7. 7. society. Before Asoka, Mauryan Empire was governed for more than 53years by the scientific and advanced management principles of Chanakya.The size of the Maurya Empire by demography was the worlds largest andby the 2nd largest by the land mass size. Asoka was trained to be the PrimeMinister of the Maurya Empire, with the prevalence and disorder in theruling system he proceeded to occupy the throne as the emperor for whichit is evident that he had to assassinate his 99 brothers. Asoka at everystage wanted to excel in the existing systems of management. His phase ofconquests ended with Kalinga War, which happened in the first decade ofhis career. The outcomes of this war made him a Great ruler and he provedhis stride with achievements in almost every field of the empiremanagement. Asoka the Great championed the management applicationsin the areas of Corporate Governance, Supply Chain Management,International Business, HRM of the empire employees and the subjects /citizens of the empire, Welfare Management, Corporate CommunicationManagement, Safety and Security Management on the Wealth and Life ofthe citizens, Production and Operations Management, Public Relations,Life Excellence Management, Revolutionary Change Management etc. Nowonder his achievements at many stages exceeded the prescribed limitsby the definitions of Chanakya. Zero failure and Zero defect managementin the army supply chain management and cross docking system ofoperation with alternative back up mechanism has not yet been achievedby the modern management of the 21st century in any operational activities,which Asokan army practiced in the 3rd century B.C.The world of the modern corporations has a lot to borrow and practice fromthe Asokan management practices to achieve excellence. Military
  8. 8. management of Asoka can be claimed as above the standards of SixSigma. Asoka proved the concept of Corporate Benevolence Managementby practice when the world of 21st century corporate management is tryingto achieve the corporate excellence management two steps below theAsokan corporate management. Asokan management is one of the mostsignificant chapters oftheIndianManagement System.Indianmanagement has the opportunity and excellence to be the new worldmanagement practice in the 21st century with revival as a concept that hasthe greatest human touch with the pragmatic application. Asoka the Greatwill be recorded for the management practices of Indian System.This book attempts to bring the historical facts of Asoka the Great withmanagementapplicationsforthe readers and professionals ofmanagement to apply in the real life corporate management. Asokasmanagement system and mechanisms are analyzed in the context of themodern management for the convenience and understanding of thereaders with care. A practical approach is followed much away from thehistorical analysis and orthodoxy for the scholars and professionals ofcorporate management for application orientations in this book.Dr. Siba Prasad Rath
  9. 9. 1Asoka - Great IndianManagement SystemThe 21st century management principles and practices have gone througha sea change in comparison to the 19th and 20th century. This newmillennium looks for concerns of human beings and greater interests. Allthose management practices of European model and American modelhave started clearing up of the black spots of industrialization from thecorporate governance and system practices. Japanese managementpractices have started delivering the value base management principles forthe greater world with high level of quantification for quality improvisationby borrowing the concepts from the oriental principles and practices withrevival and new coinage methods. As a matter of fact the oriental practicesof management principles with human touch and greater social concern arethe driving forces of change in the modern management. Indianmanagement practices, principles, doctrines and arguments are in the storehouse of the history. Its the right time for revival of the managementpractices for application in the modern methods and philosophy ofmanagement. India in its oriental texts has the treasury of knowledgewealth for rephrasing and moderation as per the disciplinary streams needsfor application. 1
  10. 10. This in fact is one of the most advanced pragmatic philosophies for revivaland reapplication for the benefits of the governance mechanisms ofcorporations and non commercial corporations of the 21st century. Mauryaphase of the Indian history was the most pragmatic phase of 136 years ofgovernance. Chanakya, the man, created the applied philosophy and thefirst empire. Asoka the Great (C 268 233 B.C.) championed theapplication beyond the texts that defined the future trends and bothChanakya and Asoka made the history that the world remembers as theexcellent governance. Management