ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WERE ... - .UNIT 2 Notes ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION . CONFEDERATION AND

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Transcript of ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WERE ... - .UNIT 2 Notes ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION . CONFEDERATION AND

  • OPENING: What would happen to a football team if

    every player concentrated on setting individual records rather than working as a

    team to win games? What would happen to the national government if each state

    pursued its own interests instead of whats best for the nation?

    CLOSING: QUIZ

    RELAY ESSAY-WERE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION EFFECTIVE?

    WHY OR WHY NOT?

    STANDARD: USHC 1.4-ANALYZE HOW DISSATISFACTIONS WITH THE GOVERNMENT UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WERE ADDRESSED WITH

    THE WRITING OF THE CONSTITUTION OF 1787.

    WORK PERIOD: Articles of

    Confederation Lecture and

    Notes Thinking Map

  • How to Take Notes

    See the guidelines on the next page for a suggestion on how to set up your notes for todays class.

  • STRENGTHS

    WEAKNESSES

    ARTICLES OF

    CONFEDERATION

    Leave some space to write background info

    UNIT 2 Notes ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

  • CONFEDERATION AND THE CONSTITUTION

    After the Revolution, many favored a Republic

    Some supported a strong federal government (Federalists) while others favored states rights (Anti-Federalists)

  • How Much Power?

    Balance of Power State v. National Americans were loyal to the state

    1st (nation 2nd )

    Republic Govt where citizens rule through elected representatives

    Different views about Republicanism: Virtuous people good of the

    nation above self Self-interest nation would

    benefit

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

    The Second Continental Congress issued a set of laws called the Articles of Confederation in 1781

    Gave states one vote each in Congress regardless of population of state

    Split power between National Government and State

  • ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

    Americas first Constitution Established National

    governments ability to wage war, sign treaties, coin money, run post office

    Satisfactory at the state level as states wrote new constitutions and passed laws.

    Effective in negotiating the Treaty of Paris (ending the Revolution)

  • ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

    At first, there was controversy between large states and small states over land claims in the west. The solution? Land Ordinance of 1785 made

    land parcels small & affordable

    Another notable accomplishment: Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    set requirement for states and also declared slavery illegal in the old Northwest Territory (first effort to prohibit slavery)

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

    *VERY EFFECTIVE DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION WHEN THE STATES HAD A COMMON CAUSE. IT MET THEIR NEEDS

    After the fighting ended, their common cause ended and Americans found that the AOC government was too weak to meet the growing needs of a new nation.

  • WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLE OF CONFEDERATION

    Central government was weak and unable to meet the needs of the nation. (States refused to acknowledge power of central government)

    REMEMBER: They just

    fought against tyranny and one single rulerThey want the power to rest in the states, NOT in the central government!

  • Weaknesses

    No Standing Army

    Inability to deal with the threat of rebels/revolution.

    No Federal Taxation

    States did not pay debts to Congress

    The federal government had no money

    No Judicial System to resolve disputes

  • Weaknesses

    No Single National Currency States minted money

    No set exchange disrupted trade among the states

    No Executive Leadership Failure of direct leadership resulted in uncertainty

    No one to act in the countrys interest

    Each state had Equal Vote in Congress Smaller states with low populations had

    disproportional power

    GA (23,375) v. MA (235,308)

  • Weaknesses

    Required Unanimous Vote to Amend

    Complete inability to correct the failures under the articles

    Some states wouldnt show up to vote

  • OTHER WEAKNESSES: ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

    After the revolution, trade with Britain was strained (they were our primary trading partner!).

    This led to a depression and Americans couldnt pay their mortgages or STATE taxes.

    What happened?

  • SHAYS REBELLION An event that highlighted

    the weakness of the Central (National) government was Shays Rebellion

    Farmers in western Massachusetts rose up in protest over increased taxes and to hopefully stop courts from foreclosing on their farms.

    Daniel Shay led 1,200 farmers toward the arsenal in Springfield

    The event caused alarm throughout the republic

    1787

  • Diplomatic Problems

    Under the AOC, Americans were unable to force the British to live up to the provisions in the Treaty of Paris. (Example: Removal of British troops stationed at frontier forts on American soil

    They also had a hard time convincing Britain to continue trading.

    They could not convince Spain to give us access to New Orleans.

  • Diplomatic Problems Under the AOC, states attempted to negotiate with foreign

    powers Separately.

    They could not levy taxes (only request them), so they could not support an army to give the govt clout.

    Some states (SC) feared that the power to control international trade might prompt the government to control the slave trade (they didnt until 1808)

  • SHOW WHAT YOU KNOW!

    Read page 36 in the Coach book, (Articles of Confederation Section) and

    complete your thinking map.

  • RELAY ESSAY

    Start at the front row and answer the question: Were the Articles of

    Confederation effective? Why or Why not?