Articles of Confederation - Flemington-Raritan Regional ... ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION SETUP Each...

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Transcript of Articles of Confederation - Flemington-Raritan Regional ... ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION SETUP Each...

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

  • DO NOW

     Create a T Chart

     Write down the strengths of the JP Case

    government on one side, and the weaknesses

    on the other.

  •  State Government: a system to run each state,

    like the New Jersey government

     Federal Government: a system to run the entire

    country. Like the United States government.

     Articles of Confederation: The first government

    of the United States after independence from

    England.

  • Federal Control

    declare war

    give

    soldiers make or ask for $

    settle fights between states

    foreign relations

    vote on

    laws trade

    Enforce

    Laws

    collect

    taxes

    State Control

    deal with Native Americans

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION SETUP

     The first national government of the United States was established in March 1781.

     The state governments (NJ) had more power than the national or government (US)

     Founders were fearful of concentrated power due to past experience with the British

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION SETUP

     Each state received one vote, regardless of its size

    or population.

     Needed 9 of the 13 states to vote yes to a bill.

     Needed a unanimous vote to make a change to

    the Articles of Confederation.

     No President (enforces laws) or National Court

    (interprets laws)

     Unicameral Congress- one house

  • ACCOMPLISHMENTS

    Congress passed Land Ordinance of 1785 to raise money to pay debts.

    Ordinance provided for surveying and dividing western lands.

    Land was split into townships.

    Each township was divided into lots for sale to the public.

    Congress passed Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

    Established Northwest Territory and a system for creating new states

    Included what are now the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, and Wisconsin

    Required the provision of public education and banned slavery

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WEAKNESSES

     The national government could not force the

    states to obey its laws

     It did not have the power to tax

     It did not have the power to enforce laws

     Congress lacked strong and steady leadership

     There was no national army or navy

  • ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WEAKNESSES

     There was no system of national courts

     Each state issued its own paper money

     Each state could put tariffs on trade between

    states ( a tariff is a tax on goods coming in from

    another state or country).

  • Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?

    I. Currency Issues

    • The United States did not have a common currency.

    • Americans carried money from

    the federal government, state

    government, and foreign nations.

  • Inflation was a problem in many states, which struggled to pay off war debts by printing money. Inflation occurs when there are increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money.

    http://bigpicture.typepad.com/comments/images/cost_of_living_stampede_1.gif

  • Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?

    II. Debt

    • Congress could not tax the people and depended on money

    from the states.

    • Therefore, the U.S. was unable to pay its debts!

    Examples:

    - The U.S. owed money to France, Holland, and Spain for

    loans made during the Revolutionary War.

    - The U.S. had not paid many of their own soldiers!

  • Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?

    III. International and Domestic Problems

    • The U.S. lacked the

    military power to defend

    itself against Great Britain

    and Spain.

    • States acted as

    individual countries and

    seldom agreed.

    Example:

    - Connecticut and Virginia

    almost went to war over

    land claims!

    http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/thumb/b/b1/400px-Statecessions.png

  • WHY DID THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

    FAIL?

     Daniel Shays led Massachusetts farmers in

    a revolt over high taxes and heavy debt in

    August 1786.

     Shays Rebellion was put down by state

    troops in January 1787.

     Tried to force the shutdown of the

    Supreme Court in Massachusetts

     No one’s property could be taken to pay

    off debts if the court was closed.

     Many citizens agreed with the rebels and

    their cause.

     State officials freed most of the rebels.