ART IN CONTEXT: An Age of Empires€¦ · An Age of Empires . Part 1: The Classical West Ancient...

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Transcript of ART IN CONTEXT: An Age of Empires€¦ · An Age of Empires . Part 1: The Classical West Ancient...

  • ART IN CONTEXT:

    An Age of Empires

  • Part 1: The Classical West

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Rome

  • Timeline:

    Classical West

    1200 BCE: Greek tribes survive

    in Dark Age

    776 BCE: First Olympic Games

    432 BCE: Completion of Parthenon

    509 BCE: Roman Republic

    Established

    490s to 323: Golden Age of Greece

    265: Rome rules Italy

    44 BCE: Caeasar slain; end of Roman

    Republic

    27 BCE-180 CE: Pax Romana

    30: CE: Death of Jesus Christ

    ANCIENT GREECE: Where the

    celebration of the human intelligence,

    creativity, and power begins.

  • Warrior,

    from sea

    near

    Riace,

    ca.450

    BCE,

    bronze

  • Copy after Praxiteles

    Aprhodite of Knidos

    ca. 350 BCE

    "...we entered the temple. In the

    midst thereof sits the goddess--

    she's a most beautiful statue of

    Parian marble--arrogantly smiling

    a little as a grin parts her lips.

    Draped by no garment, all her

    beauty is uncovered and revealed,

    except in so far as she

    unobtrusively uses one hand to

    hide her private parts…and so we

    decided to see all of the

    goddess…we were filled with an

    immediate wonder for the beauty

    we beheld.“

    ~Attributed to Lucian

  • Laocoön and his sons, Hellenistic Era,

    marble, 1st century BCE.

    With a double grip round his waist and his

    neck, the scaly creatures

    Embrace him, their heads and throats

    powerfully poised above him.

    All the while his hands are struggling to break

    their knots,

    His priestly headband is spattered with blood

    and pitchy venom;

    All the while, his appalling cries go up to

    heaven -

    A bellowing, such as you hear when a wounded

    bull escapes from

    The altar, after it's shrugged off an ill-aimed

    blow at its neck.

    ~The Aeneid

  • Timeline:

    Classical West

    1200 BCE: Greek tribes survive

    in Dark Age

    776 BCE: First Olympic Games

    432 BCE: Completion of Parthenon

    509 BCE: Roman Republic

    Established

    490s to 323: Golden Age of Greece

    265: Rome rules Italy

    44 BCE: Caeasar slain; end of Roman

    Republic

    27 BCE-180 CE: Pax Romana

    30: CE: Death of Jesus Christ

    ANCIENT ROME: The greatest empire in the west was promoted through Greek

    art and Roman Engineering.

  • August of Primaporta, ca. 20 BCE. Perhaps a

    marble copy of a bronze original.

  • August of Primaporta, ca. 20 BCE. Perhaps a

    marble copy of a bronze original. Inset: Greek

    statue of the Doryphoros by Polykleitos.

  • Trajan’s Column, attributed to Apollodorus, 113 CE.

    Marble, original height of 128ft, length of frieze approx.

    625 ft.

  • Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome, travertine, ca. 72-80 CE.

  • Aerial view of the Colosseum as it appears today; Reconstruction of the Colosseum

    showing seating as well as the many passages under the main arena floor.

  • Part 2:

    The Beginning of Mighty Empires

    Americas: The Olmec

    China: The Qin and Han

  • Timeline: The

    Beginnings of

    Empire

    1500 BCE: First trace of

    people called Olmec

    900-500: Colossal Olmec

    art and architecture

    623-543: Historical Buddha

    lived in India

    256-206 BCE: 1st Great

    Wall of China

    221 BCE: China untied

    under Emperor Qin

    206BCE – 220 CE: Han

    Dynasty in China. A Golden

    Age.

    MESOAMERICA: The Olmec, ancestors

    to the Maya, created huge earth

    pyramids, celebrated their leaders and

    gods through art.

  • Colossal Heads from San Lorenzo, Veracruz. 900-500 BCE

  • Timeline: The

    Beginnings of

    Empire

    1500 BCE: First trace of

    people called Olmec

    900-500: Colossal Olmec

    art and architecture

    623-543: Historical Buddha

    lived in India

    256-206 BCE: 1st Great

    Wall of China

    221 BCE: China untied

    under Emperor Qin

    206BCE – 220 CE: Han

    Dynasty in China. A Golden

    Age.

    CHINA: The name China comes from Qin, the first man to unify the land

    through harsh rule.

  • Lai Dai’s Flying Banner, Painted silk from

    the tomb of Dai Hou Fu-ren, ca. 168

    BCE.

  • Part 3: Applying What You

    Learned

    Look at the following images and decide what art historical

    context they come from based on their forms. What can you

    guess about their content?