AP Lang & Comp Terms Batch #1 (Review Game Version)

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Transcript of AP Lang & Comp Terms Batch #1 (Review Game Version)

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AP Lang & Comp Terms Batch #1 (Review Game Version) Slide 2 #1 Identify the device being used: Lions and tigers and bears, oh my! (The Wizard of Oz) Slide 3 #1 Answer Polysyndeton The device of repeating conjunctions in close succession. Slide 4 #2 Identify the device being used: Of the people, by the people, for the people (Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address) Slide 5 Answer #2 Epistrophe The repetition of a word or group of words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, verses, or sentences Slide 6 #3 Identify the term/device: A pleasing arrangement of sounds Slide 7 Answer #3 Euphony Slide 8 #4 Identify the device being used: Heard melodies are sweet. (John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn) Slide 9 Answer #4 Synaesthesia The use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another Slide 10 #5 Identify the device being used: All the other lads there were / Were Itching to have a bash. (Philip Larkin, Send No Money) Slide 11 Answer #5 Colloquialism An informal or slang expression, especially in the context of formal writing Slide 12 #6 Identify the term/device: The atmosphere of a work of literature; the emotion created by the work Slide 13 Answer #6 Mood Slide 14 #7 Identify the device being used: Saying ethnic cleansing instead of genocide Slide 15 Answer #7 Euphemism The use of less offensive language to express unpleasant or vulgar ideas, events, or actions Slide 16 #8 Identify the term/device: The person (sometimes a character) who tells a story; the voice assumed by the writer. Not necessarily the author (but it can be). Slide 17 Answer #8 Narrator Slide 18 #9 The following are examples: Richard Wrights Black Boy Helen Kellers The Story of My Life Anne Franks The Diary of a Young Girl Slide 19 Answer #9 Autobiography The narrative of a persons life, written by that person. Slide 20 #10 Identify the device being used: The moon smiled down at us as we sat by the river. Slide 21 Answer #10 Personification The use of human characteristics to describe animals, objects, or ideas. Slide 22 #11 Identify the term/device: The character an author assumes in a written work. Slide 23 Answer #11 Persona Slide 24 #12 Identify the term/device: An authors individual way of using language to reflect his or her own personality and attitudes. An author communicates this through tone, diction, and sentence structure. Slide 25 Answer #12 Voice Slide 26 #13 Identify the term/device: The works of Homer, Shakespeare, Tolstoy, Bronte and other great writers. Slide 27 Answer #13 Canon An evolving group of literary works considered essential to a cultures literary tradition. Slide 28 #14 The following are examples: Richard the Lionheart Shoeless Joe Jackson The Brooklyn Bomber Slide 29 Answer #14 Epithet An adjective or phrase that describes a prominent or distinguishing feature of a person or thing Slide 30 #15 Identify the device being used: In Wuthering Heights, by Emily Bronte, the nightmares Lockwood has the night he sleeps in Catherines bed prefigure later events in the novel. Slide 31 Answer #15 Foreshadowing An authors deliberate use of hints or suggestions to give a preview of events or themes that do not develop until later in the narrative. Slide 32 #16 Identify the device being used: The ship was crewed by fifty hands. Slide 33 Answer #16 Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole (In this case, hands alludes to the peopleall of the peoplemanning the ship.) Slide 34 #17 Identify the term/device: A technique of detachment that draws awareness to the discrepancy between words and their meanings, between expectation and fulfillment, or, most commonly, between what is and what seems to be. Slide 35 Answer #17 Irony (Five types = verbal, situational, romantic, dramatic/tragic, and cosmic) Slide 36 #18 Identify the term/device: Specific facts or examples used to support a claim in a piece of writing. Slide 37 Answer #18 Evidence Slide 38 #19 Identify the device being used: Before, a joy proposed; behind, a dream. (Shakespeare, Sonnet 129) Slide 39 Answer #19 Parallelism The use of similar grammatical structures or word order in two or more sentences, clauses, or phrases to suggest a comparison or contrast between them. Slide 40 #20 Identify the term/device: The art of persuasion, or the art of speaking or writing well. This involves the study of how words influence audiences. Slide 41 Answer #20 Rhetoric Slide 42 #21 Identify the term/device: The main idea, or principal claim, that is supported in a work of nonfiction. Slide 43 Answer #21 Thesis statement Slide 44 #22 Identify the term/device: The authors attitude toward the subject or characters of a story or poem, or toward the reader. Slide 45 Answer #22 tone Slide 46 #23 Identify the device being used: Asking the wealthy nations of the world to feed the impoverished nations is like asking people on a full lifeboat to take on more passengers. Slide 47 Answer #23 Analogy A comparison based on a specific similarity between things that are otherwise unlike, or the inference that if two things are alike in some ways, they will be alike in others. Often analogies draw a comparison between something abstract and something more concrete or easier to visualize. Slide 48 #24 Identify the device being used: And all men kill the thing they love. (Oscar Wilde, The Ballad of Reading Gaol) Slide 49 Answer #24 Paradox A statement that seems absurd or even contradictory but that often expresses a deeper truth. Slide 50 #25 Identify the device being used: My teacher is a total psychopath. Slide 51 Answer #25 Hyperbole Excessive overstatement or conscious exaggeration of fact.