Antonis Kokosis - NTUA

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  1. 1. European toolbox for symbiosis and PPP networks - industrial ports, agricultural residues, SMEs, and marine biorefineries Antonis C. Kokossis, FIEE, FIChemE, FRSA School of Chemical Engineering, NTUA International Conference for the Promotion of the Participation of People in Innovative Schemes, public, private, People partnerships (ppPp model) for the Reduction of Energy Cost March 30, Athens, Greece
  2. 2. Outline Our approach: Industrial Symbiosis: economic analysis, environmental credits, social benefits Technology advantage Toolbox combining IS best practices, analytics, engineering knowledge, optimization Applications range Industrial ports, urban and rural areas, industrial districts, agricultural areas
  3. 3. Industrial Symbiosis and Industrial Ecology The use of waste streams as resources to other industries (materials, energy) Essential part of Industrial Ecology Closed life cycles Material flows Energy flows Differences from recycling Often preferred over recycling Long recycle paths Expensive footprints Linking up industries as well as industries with urban societies Top priority in European industrial development
  4. 4. A beautiful reference point City of Kalundborg (1995) Fixed background: Kemira, Statoil, Asnaes Power, Gyproc Novo Nordisk M$120 profits; Energy to 20,000 homes Significant investment (M$60) Long paypack times 9 (over 15yr) but Can we open it up to a dynamic system? Can we speed it up at lower budgets?
  5. 5. Scaling up at national level Participation: 9,300 companies, 12 regions, 12,000 transactions/yr Economic benefits: - Revenues & sales 167,5 million - Cost savings 106,8 million Social benefits Regional investment - 82 million New jobs 3,000 Environmental benefits: CO2 emissions reduction : 4.4 mt Savings of virgin material: 6.2 mt Water savings: 9.22 million tons Diverted waste from landfill: 3.39 million tons Diverted toxic from landfill: 350, 000 tons Still the cost to run the concept is high The program is phasing out in anticipation of new trends
  6. 6. Functions of the toolbox
  7. 7. Regional analysis: big picture RSE (Viotia): largest industrial region Internal data Material flows Waste stream specs Locations Secondary data Context description Inspection audits Commercial profile External data Technologies Knowledge base 1,500 production facilities 4,500 waste streams Focus on solids
  8. 8. Bring forward technology About 500 accessible technologies
  9. 9. Matching best practices Use of linked-objects Translated as properties to appropriate concepts
  10. 10. Offering solutions and support
  11. 11. Network analysis
  12. 12. Turning industrial ports into PPP hubs
  13. 13. Functional units Biomass supplies (orange), industrial units (blue), bioenergy producers (green), energy consumers (red) Each FU features mass and energy balances Matching technology has been used to analyze and assess links and possible networks
  14. 14. Malmoe Bioenergy potential 38,3 MW Internal (direct combustion and biogas) 149 MW external (direct combustion and biogas) Functional Units 16 existing within the port area 2 new Connections 42 existing 5 new They have sizable internal and external network, with a potential of transforming the existing fossil based system to a biobased system that includes Industrial Symbiosis.
  15. 15. Wismar Bioenergy potential 69MW bioethanol or 129MW direct combustion 16MW biogas Functional Units 10 existing industries 3 new Connections 42 existing 12 new The port of Wismar sits on a treasure of internal biomass, which can be put to a far better use through production of high - value added materials.
  16. 16. Mantova Bioenergy potential 681 MW (411MW biogas and 270MW ethanol) Functional Units 5 existing industries 4 new Functional Units Connections 8 existing 21 new The port of Mantua may leverage the vast external potential from its growing biomass laden hinterland to propel itself to giddy heights of bioenergy production.
  17. 17. Astakos Bioenergy potential 137MW (direct combustion) 20MW biogas based on manure Functional Units 9 industries were interviewed which belong to the greater area of Astakos 3 new Connections 25 existing connections 5 new connections The Port of Astakos presents a rare opportunity to invest in the ideal Industrial Symbiosis Network, where targets are not hindered by the past.
  18. 18. Targets and results Starting to scope for 437MW in bioenergy Symbiosis exceeded 2.5 times the initial expectations Further scope by mobilizing the communities, the local industries and the people 437 187 681 175 157 Goal Evaluation MW Bioenergy assessment Astakos Wismar Mantova Malmoe Goal
  19. 19. Turning rural fields into PPP markets
  20. 20. Valorizing agricultural residues Agricultural residues, now viewed as resources Capitalizing on large databases and years of services by CRES Building links to save energy and water reducing waste Electronic access and review of opportunities Building an open community in Thessaly with commitment and support from the region
  21. 21. Scaling up symbiosis flows Biomass producers: pellets, olive pits, branches, residues Pulp, wastewater vs clean water Energy: district heating, biogas
  22. 22. Building symbiosis synergies
  23. 23. that save energy and resources
  24. 24. Bringing PPP by the seaside, close to your five star hotels
  26. 26. Holding a big slice for needy and the smaller ones
  27. 27. The e-Symbiosis platform for SMEs
  28. 28. Synergies,visualization,businessstatistics
  29. 29. This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end but it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning. Thank you!