Animal and Plant Cells. Animal vs. Plant Cell AnimalPlant

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Transcript of Animal and Plant Cells. Animal vs. Plant Cell AnimalPlant

  • Animal and Plant Cells

  • Animal vs. Plant CellAnimalPlant

  • Cell StructuresParts or small organs of the cellOrganellesEach have a specialized function

  • Plasma MembraneSurrounds the cellsystem that allows nutrients to enter the cell and waste products to leave

  • NucleusA large, membrane-bound structure containing the cell's hereditary materialcontrols its metabolism, growth, and reproduction.

  • NucleolusInside nucleusProteinMakes RNA

  • CytoplasmProtoplasm between the cell membrane and nucleus

  • RibosomesRoundMade of proteins and RNAAssemble amino acids to make proteinsFree floating in cytoplasmOn ER

  • EREndoplasmic Reticulum Membranes within the cytoplasm of cells involved in the synthesis, modification, and transport of cellular materials.

  • Rough ERContain ribosomesModifies and makes proteins

  • Smooth ERNo ribosomessynthesis of lipidsMetabolizes carbohydrates Detoxification of drugs and poisons

  • MitochondriaConverts food molecules to energy, ATP

  • Golgi ApparatusPackaging structurePackages and stores moleculesSecretes them for later use

  • LysosomeDigestive sacsDestroy old worn out organellesGets rid of bacteria

  • Cilia Tiny hairsHelps the cell move

  • FlagellaTailWhips to move cell

  • Plant Cell StructuresPlant cells are slightly different from animals cell because they can photosynthesize

  • Cell WallThe rigid outermost cell layer found in plants and certain algae, bacteria, and fungi Composed of celluloseGive plant stems and wood their stiffness

  • ChlorophyllGreen pigments

  • VacuoleA small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cellbound by a single membrane contains water, food, or metabolic waste.

  • ChloroplastA chlorophyll-containing plastid found in algal and green plant cellsGive plants Green colorSite of photosynthesis