Albedo Project Presentation Rev2

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E\' stata avviata un’attività di ricerca riguardante l’albedo terrestre e l’influenza di tale proprietà sul cambiamento climatico globale in collaborazione tra CIRIAF, CNR Ambiente e una rete di Imprese per l\'Albedo.Dalla realizzazione di modelli di validazione e da alcune verifiche sperimentali, sono stati ottenuti dei risultati circa la correlazione fra la radiazione riflessa da superfici trattate con pigmenti o cultivar caratterizzate da spiccata capacità di riflessione della radiazione solare e la quantità di emissioni di Co2eq evitate in atmosfera (circa 10 mq di superficie con riflettenza maggiore del 90% equivale ad una tonnellata di CO2eq). Il progetto rivoluzionerebbe l\'attività per la mitigazione del riscaldamento globale che fin\'ora pensava solo alla riduzione del CO2. Molto interessati al progetto paesi come la Cina e i paesi del Nord Africa che hanno grandi superfici terrestri da poter trattare per la riduzione dell\'accumulo di calore per effetto della radiazione solare.Con l’implementazione della seconda fase (lancio di un satellite di probabile fabbricazione italo-cinese e messa in orbita polare eliosincrona), si darebbe avvio alla certificazione di tali superfici ad elevato albedo su scala globale ai fini del riconoscimento di crediti di carbonio validi e commercializzabili all’interno dell’Emission Trading SystemE\' infatti possibile la Certificazione da satelite della CO2 compensata mediante superfici ad elevato albedo; tale attività potrà essere articolata nelle seguenti fasi:- acquisizione di richieste di certificazione di singoli attori interessati al riconoscimento di efficacia delle superfici per il controllo dell’albedo, previa acquisizione di adeguata documentazione progettuale (materiale cartografico/fotografico relativo ai siti di installazione e corrispondente inquadramento meteorologico e geografico);- valutazione dei progetti e quantificazione della CO2 compensata dall’installazione delle superfici ad elevato albedo;- rilascio certificati.TUTTE QUESTE ATTIVITA\' SARANNO SVOLTE DALLE AZIENDE PROMOTRICI PER L\'ALBEDO DA ME COORDINATE IN COLLABORAZIONE DI CIRIAF E CNR.Sandro Cecchi

Transcript of Albedo Project Presentation Rev2

  • 1. ALBEDO PROJECTing. Sandro Cecchi ALBEDO Companys Network CoordinatorFounder of Italian CenterConsortium (www.myitaliancenter.com) Director of Sound Art Festival SGUARDI SONORI, cell.3489355169 e-mail: scecchi@tiscali.ittel./fax: 06.6869222 Via del Tempio 1 00186 Roma, www.linkedin.com/in/sandrocecchiwww.facebook.com/sandro.treing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator

2. BenefitsOne of the major concern uman kind is facing is the global warmingwith all its implications on Earth life.Several studies and initiatives are in progress to mitigate the effectincluding the Kyoto protocol.A new concept has been developed from University of Perugia whereglobal warming is limited by reducing the Earth energy absorption.The idea can bring to the development of a measurement andcertification System that can be compatible with Kyoto protocoland be self sustainable.ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 3. List of content Introduction Scientific background Users and applications Mission & service definition System architecture Payload requirement Actors Business model Implementation plan Funding scheme Conclusions ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 4. Introduction (1)The current internationally accepted techniques for the mitigation ofglobal warming followed by two methodological approaches: the firstinvolves the capture of CO2 released into the atmosphere, the secondis the reduction of CO2 emissions.First approach includes all of the technologies for the sequestration andgeological sequestration of CO2 emitted by combustion processes orduring the extraction of fossil fuels.Head instead to the second approach are the technologies for theproduction of energy from renewable sources and practices for energyand energy efficiency improvement.In both approaches, however, the end result remains the reductionof the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere would involverecognizing that the element responsible for global warming. ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 5. Introduction (2)The approach here proposed, which is complementary to thosementioned above, however, provides for the compensation of theincrease in temperature produced by greenhouse gases, usingtechniques that allow you to control the amount of energy absorbedfrom the Sun and the Earths surface or the reflected energy from theearth into space.In this regard, a study conducted by CIRIAF-University of Perugia(Patent No. PG and PG 2006 A 0086 2007 A 0009) which has alreadywon several awards from the international scientific community, foundthat an area of 10 square meters of high average albedo is able tooffset, in terms of global warming, the effect produced by the entryinto the atmosphere one tonne of carbon dioxide.ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 6. Introduction (3)The University of Perugia with the collaboration of a bundle ofIndustries is now proposing to develop a specific measurement andcertification system that can be used to comply with Kyoto Protocolobjectives and provide global warming mitigation.The system is based on a space and ground infrastructure plus adedicated agency devoted to the assessment and certification.ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 7. Scientific background Global Warming Atmospheric concentration of CO2 is currently nearly 40 % above itspreindustrial level (from 285 to 380 ppm). By IPCC 4th Assessment Report GW is mainly due to human-inducedeffects. + 0.64 Celsius degrees on the last fifty yearsing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 8. ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 9. Scientific background Global Warming consequences ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHIC Costs induced by extreme weather events sea-level rise predicted at 2100: min 0.22 m,can rise up to 25% of GDP on affectedmax 0.44 m.countries. - 20 % rain falling increase on South Asia by 2050, 10 % less annual rainfall on sub- Saharan Africa. SOCIAL HEALTH 4.3 - 6.9 billion of people living in severely 400 milion additional popolation at risk forstressed river basins. malaria. 200 million of climate migrants by 2050. 3.5 billion additional people at risk dengue. 50 % fall of rain-fed agricolture in sub- 300 % heat-related death increase in 2100.Saharan Africa by 2020. Increase in malnutrition. 40 - 140 million of people flooded per yearby 2100.ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 10. Scientific background Mitigation of Global WarmingEnergy saving (Green building, energy savingTECHNOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY practices and behaviours, etc.)EFFECT ON GW MITIGATION Energy production by renewables (e.g., biomass, solar, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric, etc.) or nuclear (Is it renewable?) COSTSIncreasing the efficiency on energy production and useGreenhouse gases capture and sequestrationBEST RESULTS BY SIMPLER AND CHEAPER METHODS !!! 11. Scientific backgroundSolar Radiation Management - SRM Earth albedo plays an CRUCIAL role on Earth temperature. Artificial enhancement of terrestrial albedo (SRM) maycontribute to offset CO2 effect on earth average temperature. ETIOLOGY SURFACE GLOBALCO2 ALBEDO AVERAGE EMISSIONSINCREASETEMPERATUREOFFSETDECREASE ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 12. Scientific background Modeling of GW mitigation Several models are still available to predict the effect of Earth albedoon earth temperature. A new method (CIRIAF PATENT) is the only one that takes intoaccount the high albedo surface peculiarities: (latitude, tilt angle,azimuth angle, albedo). CO2 OFFSET = f ( , , , rs , , M ) Meteo conditionsTime SurfaceLatitudeTilt Azimuthsolar angleanglealbedoing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 13. Scientific backgroundINPUT DATAINPUT DATAMETEO + ALBEDO POSITION+ CO2ATMOSPHERIC CO2 vs T MODEL - T+ T radiative forcingmethod by IPPC VIS+IR 0ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 14. Scientific backgroundALBEDO ENHANCEMENTGLOBAL BUILDING WARMINGPASSIVEMITIGATION COOLINGCO2 AVOIDED CO2 OFFSET +EMISSIONSing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 15. Users and applicationsINHERENTLY COOL ROOFSGREEN ROOFS COATED COOL ROOFSCertification requirements for different cool roof programsSlopeSolar Reflectance SRIUS GBCEnergy Star LEED Low0.6578Steep 0.2529ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 16. Users and applicationsARCHITECTONIC SALT PANS STRUCTURES ARBOREAL SPECIESing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 17. Users and applications1 ton of CO2eq is half absorbed by ecosystem and halfcontributes to increase atmospheric concentration.To compensate 1 ton of CO2,eq released into the atmosphere 4 m2 @ r = 0.9 ALBEDO surface are required in Rome.Which is the potential value of1 m2 @ r = 0.9 in Rome today? 3 for 30yrs exposure!!!!! ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 18. Users and applications INCOMINGS FROM 1.000 M2 OF HIGH ALBEDO SURFACES(r = 0.9) LOCALITY 1LOCALITY 2LOCALITY 3 NIAMEY ROMEPARIS (NIGER) (ITALY)(FRANCE)5.200 3.250 2.600 174 /yrs 109 /yrs87 /yrsHOW CAN WE GET IT ????? ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 19. Users and applications TASKS A proposal for certificate PROJECTS APPROVAL CREDITS ISSUINGMARKETREGULATIONPERIODIC ALBEDOMONITORING(AlbedoSat) ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 20. Albedo space missionThe Albedo project needs specifc measuremt in terms ofspatial resolution and spectral bandwidth that cant bederived from current satellite missionsTherefore it is needed to develop a new satellite specificallydesigned to accomplish the task.The satellite can be based on the already available Italiantechnology and small satellite design.ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 21. Albedo space mission requirement LEO orbit sunsynchronuos with altitude in the range of400 - 500 km Local time = 10-12 (10:30 target ) Coverage worldwide Revisit time: 6-8 months (can be reduce adding moresatellites) Payload: optical payload with multiband measurementing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 22. Mission requirementPayloadOptical Payload will be composed of a pancromaticcamera plus a channel covering the spectrum from 0,4to 4,5 micron preliminary requirements for pan camera Observation BW 0,4-0,9 micron GSD:2-2,5m nadir looking swath: 20x20 km2 S/N>200 (nadir looking, time passage 10:30) MTF>0,15 Quantization (not compressed): 12 bit ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 23. Albedosat mission requirements Wide channel requirement Banda di osservazione: 0.4-4.5 micron Pixel spatial Resolution: 4-5 m S/N: 200 @ 650 nm Bits per sample :12 bits ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 24. Mission requirement PlatformDry Mass 250 Kg (payload/piattaforma = 30%)EOL Power: 150 WCompatibility with a large range of launcherStabilization: 3 axis stabilizedBoresight pointing accuracy: < 0,1 on each axisPointing knowledge < 0,02 for each axisTilt manouvers: +/-65 along e cross trackPointing velocity: 1/secLife time: 5 yearsing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 25. AlbedoSat Mission RequirementsApplicationsPancromaticWide spectrum CommentsCamerachannelCoverageRevisit TimeresolutionApplications AreasVegetationAgricultureLand use and mappingHydrologyCoastal ResourcesAlbedo ing. Sandro Cecchi - ALBEDO Companys Network Coordinator 26. AlbedoSat mission architectureSATELLITEPAYLOAD PLATFORMPE (Payload Electronics) OBCX- Band TX S- Band TX/RC Image data Housekeeping data and Satellite macrotracking informationcommandsGROUND SEGMENT USER SEGMENTGROUND CONTROL CENTERTT&C StationX- Band downlink Station Ancillary dataAcquisition DataData&Product SCCFDCArchive Catalogue (Satellite Control Center)(Flight Dynamics Center) Generation Product - Requestacquisition plan- Mo