AERODROME CERTIFICATION IN JAMAICA
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AERODROME CERTIFICATION IN JAMAICAJAMAICA CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY
Aerodrome Certification14 Aerodrome SARPS are now the main reference incorporated by reference in regulations16-Noise17-Security associated manuals with Annexes
Aerodrome CertificationExisting Act mentions AnnexesOld regulations dealt with control of aircraft accessOld licensing system controlled where aircraft could have accessSafety regulations require aircraft to land at licensed aerodromes (access control)
Aerodrome CertificationIn 1980 before control of aerodromes regulations there were 47 aerodromes in JamaicaToday there are 15 leftThere is demand to open more aerodromesAct amendment is readyNew regulations have been prepared for certification
Aerodrome CertificationEXISTING2 international airports4 public aerodromes9 private aerodromesnumerous helicopter alighting areas/padsDEMAND from gliders, ultra-lights, improved access to parishes, redevelop abandoned WW-2 military aerodrome for cargo
Glider and Ultralight aerodrome
Aerodrome CertificationEstablished formal processPre-applicationdiscussion with JCAAJCAA provides guidelines and formsapplicant to obtain land use approvalsif applicant does not, JCAA informs land use authorities and invites applicant to discussionland use authorities object: no certificate issued
Aerodrome CertificationApplication Process (60 days if possible)forms submitted, inspector assignedsite inspection, results communicatedcertificate issued if standards met, deviations approved, operations manual approvedCertificate valid for one yearInterim certificate if special circumstancesProcedures for certificate amendment, suspension and surrender
Aerodrome CertificationContingency Plansbomb threathijackfirecrashEmergency Planshurricaneearthquakefloodstrike
Aerodrome CertificationPROGRESS 2 internationals have operations manualsactive inspection program in placecertification now a growth industrytraining of aerodrome staffMOU with ATC, Security forces, emergency health facilities, weather service, ANS
Demand for development hampered by terrain
Expan-sion options are Limited
But we did it anyway
Aerodrome CertificationAct was amendedNew regulations were developedGuidance material was developed3 contract inspectors had Annex 14 experience2 local inspectors trained in securityneed to train local inspectors in Annex 14
Aerodrome CertificationNEW REGULATIONScertified airportsregistered aerodromes
certified must meet Annex 14registered should meet Annex 14
Aerodrome CertificationNEW REGULATIONSinternational airports and those served by scheduled air operators using aircraft with over 10 seats require certification, CAA may deem it necessary at any otherall aerodromes may be registeredno air operator may use an unregistered aerodromewhere standards cannot be met an aeronautical study should establish an equivalent level of safety
Aerodrome CertificationNEW CHALLENGESprivatizationeconomic regulation of aerodromesnew large aircraftenhanced security requirementsincreasing environmental awarenessurbanization and encroachment
Aerodrome CertificationCHALLENGESterrain, building materials, equipmentdrainageenvironmentalaccess versus controlfleet changeslimited resourcesstandards changes
Abandoned WW2 Aerodrome to be redeveloped for Cargo and Maintenance
Access versus control
CONTACTSJCAA 876-960-3948, 876-960-3965, fax 876-960-1637, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.orgAssociation of Civil Aviation Authorities of the Caribbean, so far it is CARICOM states but it is not limited to CARICOMACAAC System Coordinator 876-960-4364, fax 876-920-0194, e-mail email@example.com
Good Afternoon Mr. Chairman, delegates, presenters and observers. On behalf of the Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority and Jamaicas operator of public aerodromes and airports I am very pleased to provide a briefing on the history, scope, process, governing regulations, progress made to date in certification, new legislation, and new and ongoing challenges facing Jamaican aerodrome and airport operators and safety regulators.
You may notice that my accent is not Jamaican. For the past six years I have worked for the JCAA as their Director Flight Safety concentrating on building a safety oversight organization. Currently I am working as the System Coordinator for the Association of Civil Aviation Authorities of the Caribbean. I have been a pilot for close to forty years and I am an operations inspector on large aircraft, and I received all of my safety inspector training in Transport Canada where I worked for twenty years prior to joining the JCAA. I started my aerodrome safety career interest by starting as an aerodrome safety inspector and complementing that experience was a number of years planning regional aviation systems including the Central Arctic aerodrome system and managing the aerodrome safety oversight in Canadas four easternmost provinces and working as the airside safety officer at the Vancouver International Airport.come from Canada. I am a firm believer that the safety oversight of aerodromes is an essential ingredient in any states safety regulation program and that safe aerodromes makes for safe flying.We are all here because ICAO Contracting States have agreed to provide safety oversight of aerodromes and airports to Annex 14 SARPS.
In Jamaica we have chosen to incorporate the Annex 14 SARPS by reference in our legislation. Some larger have developed their own aerodrome standards, however, even though a state may adopt the standards of another state, most states rely on the Annex 14 standards. There are other Annexes and Manuals that apply to aerodrome operations.
Why adopt Annex 14 SARPS? That is because the signatory States to the Chicago Convention have decided that the suitability of an aerodrome should not be the sole responsibility of air operators or pilots and that a certain level of safety regulation is necessary.In 1996 the newly formed Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority inherited a Civil Aviation Act that determined that the ICAO Annexes would be the standard for the regulation of Civil Aviation. However, complementary safety regulations did not exist to cover the safety regulation of aerodromes. The old regulations dealt with the control of aerodromes, they allowed a person to operate an aerodrome under condition that a certain level of security be implemented to prevent illegal activity.
The aviation safety regulations made it incumbent on air operators and pilots to ensure that an aerodrome was suitable for their intended use and made it illegal for anyone to use an unlicensed aerodrome and for any air operator to land at a non-government aerodrome.
These were stringent regulations intended to effect control over illegal use of aerodromes.Some more history: stringent measures intended for public protection resulted in severe restrictions on legitimate aviation activities and made it difficult for Jamaica to develop air tourism.
There is often such a dichotomy in government responsibilities and Jamaica now finds itself having to react to demand for more aerodromes for improved access.
Although the Authority did amend the old regulations to permit improved safety regulation of aerodromes and had started with aerodrome certification activity it soon became apparent that the imposition of all Annex 14 standards would be prohibitive if applied to the smaller aerodromes. As a result a new set of aerodrome regulations was developed to be promulgated when a revised Act is passed. I will provide a little more detail on that later.
The scope of aerodrome and airport certification activities in Jamaica covers the full spectrum of aerodrome activity although we do not have intersecting or parallel runway operations at this time. This is Blenheim Field, a rural area in St. Ann parish on the north coast of Jamaica a few miles west of Ochos Rios.
It started when a local land owner decided after being introduced to the sport in England that he wanted to glide in Jamaica. He brought glider instructors over from England in 1998 and began to ready his property for glider operations from a winch launched glider. The speed with which the club became operational was the subject of an article in Sailplane and Glider magazine in the summer of 1999. Presently there are two gliders and plans for a third and there is also some ultralight aircraft activity starting at the field.
It is noted for the fastest gliders in the air.There is an established formal process that is covered by the existing and the future regulations. The guidance material used has been derived from Canadian material and was relatively easy to adapt as all snow and ice control program descriptions were removed..Once the application forms are submitted, inspector schedules a site inspection and the results are provided to the applicant. During the inspection the things the inspector will look for are: standards for runway taxiway and apron geometrics, navigation aids, air traffic control facilities, crash fire rescue facilities, marking and lighting, obstacle limitation surfaces, Type A obstacle charts for the international airports, security in terms of aerodrome barriers to animals and unwanted access, airside vehicle control system, aerodrome safety program, bird and wildlife control (in Jamaica our larger wildlife may be goats, cattle or pigs), foreign object damage control systems and aerodrome staff training programs, fuel handling, airline and general