ADVENTURE TOURISM AND ECOTOURISM

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ADVENTURE TOURISM AND ECOTOURISM. - People come to Canada for our environment. - Adventure and Ecotourism is Canada’s main tourism industry. - People come to Calgary from Japan to fish in the Bow River for $500-800 a day. By: AAR and KM. Management Plans of Parks Canada. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of ADVENTURE TOURISM AND ECOTOURISM

  • ADVENTURE TOURISMANDECOTOURISM- People come to Canada for our environment- Adventure and Ecotourism is Canadas main tourism industry- People come to Calgary from Japan to fish in the Bow River for $500-800 a dayBy: AAR and KM

  • Management Plans of Parks CanadaEmphasis is moving from use to maintenance and protectionChallenged with maintaining the integrity of parks ecosystems which is defined as Having their native components intactBiodiversity (Different types of life)Ecosystem processesParks Canada is in charge of the land which work for Environmental CanadaTheir focus was the use of the landThe main focus now is the Maintenance and the ProtectionIt is important to have different kinds of life, such as the treesLogging industries cut down trees and replant them, but they are replanting the same trees which affects the biodiversity of the forestsWe have to protect the Ecosystem processes (Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle, etc.) so that we can ensure that the processes continue unchanged

  • Crown LandsMuch of our Canadian wilderness is owned by the federal or provincial governments known as Crown LandThe Queen is the leader of Canada, which means all the land is not owned by the people, it is owned by the government which is owned by the QueenMost adventure tourism occurs on Crown landE.g. province of British Columbia92% is provincial Crown land1% is federal Crown land5% is privately owned2% covered by water

  • StressorsAny event that causes the alteration or demise of a species

    External stressors: building of roads, establishment of businesses, increased use of land by people

  • StressorsOther Stressors: Habitat loss or fragmentation (bears)When some parks are built, they were built in the middle of the animals habitatBuilding of roads and cities within natural habitats create conflicts between humans and animalsDisappearance of top predators impacts whole food chain Pollution (air pollution, pesticides/herbicides)Bio-magnification: the process by which the poisons of the lower organisms magnified in the higher organismsOverpopulation of pests lead to the use pesticides and poisonsAlien Species (non native animals/plants)Invasive species: Species that invade the area Overuse

  • Adventure TourismSOFT AdventureNot dangerousLess riskyLess strenuousLittle or no preparationE.g. trail hiking, canoeing on a small lake, fishing, etc.Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • Adventure TourismHARD AdventureCan be dangerousPerson needs to be fitPerson needs to have trainedE.g. deep sea diving, white water rafting, hiking the West Coast Trail, etc.

    Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • EcotourismResponsible travel designed to educate the traveler about interrelationships & physiology of organisms & their environmentPhysiology: The physical make-up/biology of the organismsInterrelationships: The connections between the animals and the environment (biotic and abiotic)Sustainable TourismSustainable Tourism: Responsible to the environmentResponsible Tourism

  • Ecotourism is often about SustainabilitySustainability: Ensuring that you do not use more than can be replaced, that you take care of the resources for future use.For example: If you use more trees than can be grown to replace the ones you use, you will soon run out of trees. This is NOT sustainable.If you make sure that all trees that you cut down are replaced by growing trees, then you will not run out of trees. This IS sustainable.

    9-*

  • Ecotourism contdGreenwashing too many tour operators and suppliers using ecotourism to encourage clients yet NOT doing anything to ensure they are being responsible to our ecosystemsWhite washing: To cover things up (hiding the dirt)

  • Ecotourism contdTourism supplier & consumer responsibilities:Minimizing negative economic & environmental impactsGenerating greater economic benefits for localsImproving working conditionsInvolving locals in decisions that affect their livesProviding meaningful connections with local culture for touristsProviding access for physically challenged people

  • The Ecotourism Market SegmentEcotourists tend to be more mature, have post-secondary education, prefer longer trips and are often willing to pay more for this type of tourismGrowing areas of interest: cultural and heritage tourismCopyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • TOURISMS IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENTIn some ways, Tourism is viewed as a user and abuser of the environmentWe need to limit harm to the environmentThere are 2 viewpoints :Tourism provides an incentive for the restoration of sites and for the conservation of natural resourcesTourism means overcrowding, pollution and maybe even extinction of animal life and vegetation

    Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • Tourisms Impact contdCarrying capacity the maximum # of people who can use a site with only acceptable alteration to the physical environment and only acceptable decline in the quality of the experience for future visitorSCopyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • Tourisms Impact on the Natural EnvironmentVegetationMore people cause damage to plants, trees, wood, etc.Water qualityWhen people use the water, the city has to make sure its clean through water filter systemsWildlifeAnimal bridges and tunnels for animalsCoastlinesHotels taking over beaches, Creation of new beaches, changes too muchMountainsMt. Everest has a really bad garbage problem, no garbage pick-up systemsDesertsDeserts are growing due to trees being cut down (Desertification)

  • Balancing The Negative Environmental ImpactDealing with climate warming seriouslyReducing carbon dioxide released into the airFuel efficient, non-carbon-producing methods of energy

  • Canadas Green PlanIt is hoped that at least 12% of Canadas lands become protected spaces Environmental considerations must be a priorityCanadians must be educated about conservationGreen Committees in HotelsThey want to mandate Committees in Hotels to make sure that they are environmental stewardsDangers of Green Plan: Although the size of Canada is big enough to find the 12% of land, they have to make sure that the land they chose is valuable and worth protecting

    9-*

  • Terms to be coveredoutdoor recreation heritage tourism adventure tourism ecotourism sustainable tourism economic leakage community-based tourism hard adventure soft adventure outdoor education

  • Your AssignmentUsing the words above (these words are found in the D2L shell in Introduction to Adventure and Ecotourism, create a PowerPoint quiz using hyperlinks.Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada9-*

  • 1. The definition of ecotourism is:Tourism of the environmentPlaying with dolphinsTravelling to Donald Trumps hairVisiting the Calgary Tower

  • Click to go to the next question.

  • Click to try again.

  • 2. What does adventure tourism include?Visiting the play park at McDonalds.Going on a rollercoaster. Both soft and hard tourism.Going to Hawaii.

  • Click to go to the next question.

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  • 3. What is sustainable tourism?Using more trees than can be grown to replace the ones you use.Ensuring that you do not use more than can be replaced, that you take care of the resources for future use.Planting seeds.Harvesting trees for the cause of paper.

  • Click to go to the next question.

  • Click to try again.

  • 4. What is economic leakage?Leaking money.When all of the foreign currency earned through tourism does not remain within the host country.When all of the host countrys currency earned through tourism goes to foreign countries.

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  • 5. What is the definition of community-based tourism? Activities in the community.Tourists in the community.Tourism in which local residents invite tourists to visit their communities with the provision of overnight accommodation. Acting as a tour guide in your community.

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  • 6. Which one of these are outdoor-recreation activities?Visiting Banff and engaging in outdoor activities (such as hiking).Jogging around a park.All of the above.None of the above.

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  • 7. What is the definition of heritage tourism?Learning about your ancestors.Digging through an old mans hair.Visiting a museum.A branch of tourism oriented towards the cultural heritage of the location.

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  • 8. What is hard tourism?Going up a rocky cliff.A dangerous activity in the outdoors.An activity outdoors that requires training.All of the above.

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  • 9. What is soft adventure?Walking through a cotton field.Digging through the clothing in the dryer.An outdoor activity that takes little or no preparation.None of the above.

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  • 10. Which of these activities is an example of outdoor education?Going on a tour about an ancient location.Learning about the different types of insects that inhabit the forests.Organized learning that takes place in the outdoors.All of the above.

  • YOURE FINISHED!

  • Click to try again.

    *- People come to Canada for our environment- Main Tourism Industry: Adventure and Ecotourism- People come to Calgary from Japan to fish in the Bow River for $500-800

    Parks Canad