Administrative Law - ETHIOPIAN LAW-INFO administrative law in common law and civil law countries....

download Administrative Law - ETHIOPIAN LAW-INFO administrative law in common law and civil law countries. The

of 254

  • date post

    24-Feb-2021
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    3
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Administrative Law - ETHIOPIAN LAW-INFO administrative law in common law and civil law countries....

  • Administrative Law

    Teaching Material

    Prepared by:

    Aberham Yohannes

    &

    Desta G/Michael

    Prepared under the Sponsorship of the Justice and Legal System

    Research Institute

    2009

  • i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    UNIT ONE: INTRODUCTION TO ADMINISTRATIVE LAW-------------------------------------1

    1.1 The Modern Welfare State and Evolution of Administrative Law--------------------------2

    1.2 Definition, Purpose, Scope and Sources of Administrative Law---------------------------6

    1.3 Theoretical Perspectives-----------------------------------------------------------------------14

    1.4 The Relationship of Administrative Law to Constitutional Law and Other Concepts--17

    1.4.1 Constitutional Law and Administrative Law-------------------------------------17

    1.4.2 Administrative Law and Human Rights-------------------------------------------19

    1.4.3 Administrative Law and Good Governance-------------------------------------21

    1.4.4 Administrative Law and Democracy----------------------------------------------27

    1.5 Administrative Law in Civil Law and Common Law Countries--------------------------29

    1.5.1 Administrative Law in Common Law Countries---------------------------------31

    1.5.2 Droit Administratif-----------------------------------------------------------------32

    1.6 Development of Administrative Law----------------------------------------------------------42

    1.6.1 In General -----------------------------------------------------------------------------42

    1.6.2 Ethiopia -------------------------------------------------------------------------------44

    1.7 The Present State and Future Prospects of Administrative Law in Ethiopia-------------47

    UNIT SUMMARY-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------49

    UNIT TWO: CONSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATION AND LIMITATION OF

    ADMINISTRATIVE LAW--------------------------------------------------------------------------------52

    2.1 Rule of Law as a Basis of Administrative Law-----------------------------------------------53

    2.1.1 Procedural Elements---------------------------------------------------------------------53

    2.1.2 Substantive Elements--------------------------------------------------------------------56

    2.1.3 Rule of Law as a Foundation of Administrative Law-------------------------------56

    2.2 Separation of Powers as a Limitation on Administrative Law-----------------------------62

  • ii

    2.2.1 Nature and Meaning of the Principle ------------------------------------------------62

    2.2.2 The Principle of Separation of Powers as a Limitation on

    Administrative Law………………………………………………………….64

    UNIT SUMMARY-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------67

    UNIT THREE: ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES: SUBJECTS

    OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW…………………………………………………………..69

    3.1 Nature, Meaning, and Classification of Administrative Agencies-------------------------70

    3.1.1 Nature of agencies-----------------------------------------------------------------------70

    3.1.2 The Meaning of Administrative Agency----------------------------------------------71

    3.1.3 Classification of Administrative Agencies-------------------------------------------74

    3.2. Formation of Administrative Agencies----------------------------------------------------76

    3.2.1 Mode of Creating an Agency--------------------------------------------------------76

    3.2.2 Reasons for the Creation of Agencies-------------------------------------------------77

    3.3 Structure and Organization---------------------------------------------------------------------80

    3.4 Purpose of Administrative Agencies---------------------------------------------------------80

    3.5 Powers of Administrative Agencies ---------------------------------------------------------83

    3.5.1 Nature and Source of Power of Administrative Agencies------------------------83

    3.5.2 Meaning and Significance of the Enabling (Establishment) Act……………...84

    3.6 Classification of Powers of Administrative Agencies---------------------------------------86

  • iii

    3.6.1 Legislative (Rule Making) Power-----------------------------------------------------87

    3.6.2 Judicial (Decision – Making) Power---------------------------------------------------88

    3.6.3 Administrative Power----------------------------------------------------------------------89

    UNIT SUMMARY----------------------------------------------------------------------------------101

    UNIT FOUR: RULE-MAKING (QUASI-LEGISLATIVE) POWER OF ADMINISTRATIVE

    AGENCIES (DELEGATED LEGISLATION) ---------------------------------------------------------------103

    4.1 The Nature and Definition of Delegated Legislation--------------------------------------------------104

    4.2 The Need for Delegated Legislation --------------------------------------------------------------------106

    4.3. Theoretical Objections against Delegated Legislation-----------------------------------------------110

    4.4 Scope of Delegated Legisation…………………………………………………………………111

    4.5 Form and Classification of Administrative Rule Making--------------------------------------------114

    4.6. Rule Making Procedure-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16

    UNIT SUMMARY----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------123

    UNIT FIVE: JUDICIAL POWER OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES--------------------127

    5.1 The Meaning and Nature of Administrative Adjudication-------------------------------127

    5.2 Forms of Administrative Adjudication-----------------------------------------------------134

    5.2.1 Informal Adjudication-------------------------------------------------------------134

    5.2.2 Formal Adjudication---------------------------------------------------------------137

    5.3 Tribunals and the Tribunal System ---------------------------------------------------------140

    5.3.1 Meaning and Nature of Tribunals -----------------------------------------------140

    5.3.2 5.3.2 Jurisdictional Issues---------------------------------------------------------143

    5.4 The Advantages and Disadvantages of Administrative Adjudication------------------148

    5.5 The Organizational Structure of Administrative Tribunals ------------------------------150

  • iv

    5.5.1 France ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------150

    5.5.2 Britain and Australia ----------------------------------------------------------------151

    5.5.3 Ethiopia--------------------------------------------------------------------------------152

    5.6 Qualification, Appointment and Dismissal of Administrative Judges-----------------153

    5.7 Inquiries -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------157

    UNIT SIX CONTROLING MECHANISAMS OF GOVERNMENTAL POWERS------------160

    6.1 The Need for Controlling the Powers of Government----------------------------------161

    6.2 Controlling Mechanisms -------------------------------------------------------------------163

    6.2.1 Internal control---------------------------------------------------------------------164

    6.2.2 External control--------------------------------------------------------------------165

    6.2.3 Parliamentary Control ------------------------------------------------------------165

    6.2.4 Executive Control-----------------------------------------------------------------174

    6.2.5 Control by Administrative Tribunals-------------------------------------------175

    6.2.6 Judicial Control--------------------------------------------------------------------176

    6.2.7 Control by Human Rights Commission and Ombudsman ------------------179

    6.2.8 Mass Media Control---------------------------------------------------------------186

    UNIT SEVEN: JUDICAL REVIEW--------------------------------------------------------------------188

    7.1 The Meaning and Nature of Judicial Review --------------------------------------------189

    7.2. Judicial review Vs. Merits Review ------------------------------------------------------190

    7.3 The Bases of the Power of Courts to Supervise Administrative Action------------192

    7.4 Grounds of Judicial Review ---------------------------------------------------------------199

    7.4.1 Simple (Narrow) Ultra Vires-----------------------------------------------------202

    7.4.2 Abuse of Power (Broad Ultra Vires)--------------------------------------------206

    7.5 Limitations on Judicial Review------------------------------------------------------------