ADAAA: Crippling Employers?
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- 1.ADAAA: CRIPPLING EMPLOYERS? January 14, 2014 Joseph Trey L. Wood BoyarMiller 832.615.468 firstname.lastname@example.orgBoyarMiller-Employee Relations
2. A Little History behind the ADAAABoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 3. A Little History behind the ADAAABoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 4. Winning PercentagesBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 5. Too disabledNot disabledCatch 22BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 6. Comparison of new definition of disability to the old Old Definition A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; or A record of such impairment; or Being regarded as having such impairment. New Definition A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; or A record of such impairment; or Being regarded as having such impairment.BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 7. A broad scope of protection Courts should provide coverage for plaintiffs to the maximum extent permitted Definition extends to impairments that are episodic or in remission. Disability Definition to Be Read Broadly BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 8. Caring for oneself; Performing manual tasks; Seeing Hearing Eating; Sleeping; Walking; Standing; Lifting; Bending; Speaking; Breathing; Learning; Reading; Concentrating; Thinking; Communicating; WorkingOperation of any major bodily function Immune system Cell growth Digestive functions Reproductive functions Endocrine Bowel Bladder Neurological Brain Respiratory CirculatoryMajor Life Activity BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 9. The Only ExceptionMitigating Measures Ignored BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 10. Regarded As More Broadley Read BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 11. EEOC Permitted to Regulate ADA and Define Substantial LimitationBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 12. Adds reaching, sitting, and interacting with others as MLAs; Expands major bodily functions to include hemic, lymphatic and musculoskeletal systems; In order to be substantially limiting an impairment need not severely or significantly restrict performance of MLA. (Rejecting Supremes interpretation) Episodic Impairments: examples given are epilepsy, cancer, depression, hypertension, asthma, bipolar disorder and PTSD.Highlights of New Regs BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 13. Regs Give Examples of Qualifying Disabilities Deafness; Blindness; Intellectual disability; Partially or completely missing limbs; Mobility impairments requiring wheelchair; Autism; Cancer; Cerebral palsy; Schizophrenia; Diabetes; Epilepsy; HIV/AIDS; Multiple Sclerosis; Muscular Dystrophy; Major Depression; Bipolar Disorder; PTSD; Obsessive-compulsive disorder;BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 14. Highlights of New Regs 5 Rules of Construction: Focus on whether discrimination occurrednot if there is a disability (no extensive analysis); Individual whose impairment substantially limits MLA need NOT show a limitation in inability to perform activities of central importance to daily life. (Rejection of Toyota v. Williams); Limitation of only one MLA is enough; When looking at an individuals limitation to determine substantial limitation, use common sense, not scientific or medical evidence; Transitory and minor claims: Impairments < 6 months may be substantially limiting. BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 15. Application of the ADAAA by the Courts Summary judgments going, going, gone! Changing the definition of a covered disability; There is no longer a requirement that for a finding of liability against an employer that the employer regarded as disabled someone who is suffering from an impairment that substantially limits a major life activity; Elimination of consideration of mitigating measures; Employees limited in the major life activity of working. Employees with episodic conditions or inactive conditions. BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 16. What you can expect in the futureBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 17. What You Can Do About It During the interactive process, remember that it is being done without regard to mitigating measures Watch out for the regarded as prong Review policies and change them to comply with the language of the ADAAA Provide TRAINING to decision makers Review and update written job descriptions Before pulling the trigger, call your lawyer BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 18. Reasonable AccommodationBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 19. Factors to consider for accommodation Nature and cost; Overall financial resources and size of company; Impact on the business; Would it be unduly disruptive to others BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 20. What is reasonable accommodation? Working at home; Modified work schedules; Policy modifications; Modification of supervisory methods; Job coaches; Reassignment or transfers; Extended leave of absence; Job modifications; Special equipment or assistanceBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 21. Medical InquiriesBoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 22. One Final Note: EEOC issues opinion that requirement of high school diploma may violate ADAAA.BoyarMiller EMPLOYEE RELATIONS 23. ADAAA: CRIPPLING EMPLOYERS? January 14, 2014 Joseph Trey L. Wood BoyarMiller 832.615.468 email@example.comBoyarMiller-Employee Relations