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FOR EXPERT MEMEBR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION YOGA AND SPORTS Bio-Data Highlights of Dr. N.B. Shukla Date of Birth 21-11-1961 Status As. Professor in Physical Education Grade 37400-67000 Book Publisher 51 NIS Cricket 1989 Handball 1990 Certificate & Diploma Course in Yoga Science Awards and Honors: 1. 1st Gold Medalist M.P.E. B.H.U. 1985 (1st Bach) 1. 1st Ph. D. Degree in Physical Education 1991 B.H.U. 2. 1st D. Litt (Sports Anthropology) Ranchi University 1999 3. 1st D.Sc. International University California (USA) 2002 4. Gold Reader Achievement 1996 (ABI. USA) 5. Reference Asia 1997 6. Chairperson and Guest Speaker for International Conference of Yoga and Sport's 1997 7. Indo Arab Who's Who 1997 8. 20th Century Distinguished Who 1997 9. Man of the Yoga 1997, 1998, 2001 ABI USA 10. Learned Asia 1997 1

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FOR EXPERT MEMEBR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION YOGA AND SPORTS

Bio-Data Highlights of Dr. N.B. Shukla

Date of Birth 21-11-1961

Status As. Professor in Physical Education

Grade 37400-67000

Book Publisher 51

NIS Cricket 1989 Handball 1990

Certificate & Diploma Course in Yoga Science

Awards and Honors:

1. 1st Gold Medalist M.P.E. B.H.U. 1985 (1st Bach)

1. 1st Ph. D. Degree in Physical Education 1991 B.H.U.

2. 1st D. Litt (Sports Anthropology) Ranchi University 1999

3. 1st D.Sc. International University California (USA) 2002

4. Gold Reader Achievement 1996 (ABI. USA)

5. Reference Asia 1997

6. Chairperson and Guest Speaker for International Conference of Yoga and Sport's 1997

7. Indo Arab Who's Who 1997

8. 20th Century Distinguished Who 1997

9. Man of the Yoga 1997, 1998, 2001 ABI USA

10. Learned Asia 1997

11. Research board of Advisor of USA 2000

12. International Who's Who ABI USA 1998

13. Indo - American Who's who USA 1998

14. "Lord Buddha" Award 1998

15. Chairperson of International Conference on Acupressure and 1998, 2000, 204, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011

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16. Chairman World Congress Yoga Nepal 1998, 2001

17. Visiting Research Fellow John Moore University England 1995

18. Invited Copper Research Institute Dallas USA 1996

19. Asia Pacific Who's who 1999

20. Honorary Director (Protector) Yoga Vidyapeeth Kushinagar

21. Honorary member International Association of stress Management USA 1998

22. I.O.C. Solidarity Course 1999

23. Advisor North East Institute of Alternative Medicine

24. Guest Speaker 2nd World Congress Bangladesh 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2012

25. Member New York Academy of Science USA 2000.

26. Award of Appreciation First West University USA 2000

27. Gold Medal Awards A.F.S.A. USA 2000

28. Chairman National Conference Physical Education Sports Science 2000

29. Board of Adviser ABI USA

30. Resource person of Refresher course in Physical Education Kurukshetra University 2000

31. Resource person of Refresher course in Physical Education Kurukshetra University 2001

32. Resource Person Refresher Coerce in Physical Education Simla University 2002

33. Resource Person Refresher Coerce in Physical Education Simla University 2003

34. Resource Person Refresher Coerce in Physical Education Mangalore University 2003

35. Observer PMT Exam B.H.U. 2002

36. Resource Person BAMU University 2007-2011.

37. Resource Person Sagar University 2012.

38. Observer CBSE PMT PMTD, Exams 2001 and 2002.

39. Secular India Harmony Award 2002.

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40. Silver Jubilee Award Zoroastrians College Mumbai 2002-11.

41. Gajanan Award 1998

42. Academic Council Member B.H.U.

43. Expert Member Public Service Commission

44. Expert Member U.G.C. New Delhi

45. Expert Member 20 Universities

RESEARCH RPOJECT AWARDED:

1- Minor Research Project U.G.C. 1995

2- Learned Project Work for Publication U.G.C. 1996

3- Co- Author IS.! Project 1995

PROJECT SUBMTIED FOR VARIOUS AGENCIED

(ICMR, U.G.C., A.I.1., LC.S.S.R)

• Project Awarded 3 (UGC & ICSSR)

• Professional Course Attended 29

• Research Paper Published 170

• Attended International Conference Aboard

(Seoul 1998 Russia 1994 Srilanka Nepal 1997, 1998

Bangladesh 2000-2012

• Srilanka 1994-2012 12

• In India International Conference 63

• National Conference (Paper Presented) 203

EDITOR INDIAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS STUDES

• Ph. D. Guide 1

• Award 1

• Organizing Secretary of national Conference 22

• Organizing Secretary of World Conference 1

• Coordinator for World Congress 1

• Vice President National Tennis Volleyball Association

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• Invited British Association of Sports Medicines 21 to 26 April 1996 England

VOLUNTRY AGENCIES:

• President 20

• Life Member 20

FELLOWSHIP:

• Short term Fellowship SAI India

• Special Assistance V.C., (B.H.U. for PhD.)

• Special Assistance for Prime Minister U.P. for Sri Lanka

• Special Assistance C.M. U.P. for US S R 1994, Bangladesh 2000

Dr. N.B. Shukla

New G/11 Hyderabad Colony B.H.U. Varanasi

Email: nbshukla_bhuyahoo.com , [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

Fax: 0542 6702243

Phone No: 0542 6702242 6702243, 0542-2307406

Phone No: 0542-2575357

Mobile: 9936697194

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CONTENT

New Dimensions in Character Development through SportsMr. Shivakumar SDepartment of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta,Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIADr. S.M.PrakashDepartment of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta,Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIA

Perspective of Intellectual Property Rights In SportsAnkur Srivastava Research Scholar, Faculty of Law,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005Email: [email protected]

Effects Of Yogasanas On Selected Psychological Parameters Of School Girls

Dr. Kuntal Thakur(Asst. Teacher, BGCA Vidyamandir, Howrah, WB.)

Title: Sports Medicine & Role Of PhysiotherapyDr. (Smt.) U.LawrenceLecturer in Physical EducationSVVP VMC Degree & P.G College, MVP colony,Vishakapatnam.ph:09949797078Email: [email protected]. M.Syam BabuDirector of Physical EducationAndhra University, VisakhapatnamAndhra Pradesh.ph:09393101927Email: [email protected]

Yoga Hypertension Medicine and Sports scienceDr.N.B.Shukla, Sudha Shukla, Tushar Dhar Shukla Jully Ojha, Harjeet kaur,and Sheikh Barkat

Problems Affecting Adolescence Age In SportswomenMs. Anjita Pandey, Suneeta Shukla ,

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Kajal Mukherjee, Urmila Raut Tushar Dhar Shukla, Sudha Shukla, Shweta Srivastava &Dr. N. B. ShuklaDepartment of soprts and physical EducationBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi

The Role of Psycho Physiological Peculiarities in Adaptation of The Sports Department Students

T.L.Kuchko.Kuzbass Teachers Training Academy Russia

The International of Poetic Yoga and it’s function like Panacea

Dr. Uma Singh

Yoga And Sports For Health And Mental FitnessDr.N.B.ShuklaKiran Tripathi, Vibha Singh Kajal, Sunita, Sudha, Richa, Krishna Yadav and Tushar Dhar Shukla

Effect Of Fasting On Anthropometric Variables Physical Fitness Components And Physiological Variables On Muslim School Going Children

Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha(corresponding Author)Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for PhysicalEducation, Banipur, West Bengal, India Shantanu HalderResearch Scholar,Dept. of Physical Education, University of Kalyani.Dr. Atanu DasAssistant Professor,Rabindra Mahavidyalaya. Champadanga, Hooghly, W.B.

Skin sensitivity and blood glucose levels of diabetes type h Patients- a relationship study

Shantanu HalderResearch Scholar,Dept. of Physical Education,University of Kalyani.Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha

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(Corresponding Author)Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for PhysicalEducation, Banipur, West Bengal, India e

Comparative Effect Of Resistance Running On Vital Capacity Between Tribal And Non-Tribal School Boys

Dr Atanu DasAssistant Professor,Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, Champadanga, Hooghly, W.B.Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha(Corresponding Author)Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach,Post graduate govt. Institute for Physical Education, Banipur, West Bengal, Indiae-mail: callmegopal@gmail .com

Relationship of Combined Motor Fitness with Leg Strength and Selected Anthropometric Measurements on University Level Athletes

Dr. Jyostnasis GhoshAssistant Professor & Head Department. Kandra Radhakanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya, The University of Burdwan. Kandra, Burdwan.

Critical Analysis Of Indian Table Tennis Performance In Olympic Perspective

Dr. Somshankar ChatterjeeAssistant Professor, P. G. G.I.P.E, Banipur, West Bengal.Diploma in Sports Coaching in Table Tennis, N.S.N.LS, Patiala.

Effect of Interval Training Method And Repetition Training Method On The Performance Of 200mts Sprint

Vipin Tiwari Dr. Keshsv Singh GurjarSports Law IssuesN.B. ShuklaTushar Dhar Shukla

Business and Academic Aspects of Sports LawDr. N. B. ShuklaTushar Dhar Shukla

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Prevention of Suicidal Ideation Through Yoga Among Adolescent Students

Thakur G H and Shete S.Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadharna. Lonavala

Relationship Of Selected Physical And Physiological Variables To The Performance Of Standing Broad Jump

Sumalya RoyAssistant Professor, Chatra Rarnai Pundit Mahavidyalaya, Burdwan Univervity West Bengal.

The Exercise Effect on InsomniaA Psycho-physiological Review Study and Meta-analysis

Prasanta Kumar Bhunia, Research ScholarDepartment of Physical Education, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, Birbhum,West Bengal,

Effect Of Low And High Intensity Strength Training On Speed And Explosive Strength Among College Men Players

* Rakesh Prasad and **Mangesh Kumar Pal* Ph.D Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University•*PhD Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University

Comparative Assessment Of Coordinative Abilities Between General And Physical Education Students

**Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha(corresponding Author) Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for Physical Education, Banipur, West Bengal, India e-mail: callmegopalgmail.com*Tarun Chakrabortty,Director of Physical Education, Dishari College of Education, Burdwan, West Bengal. e-mail: tarunchakrabortty86rediffmail.com

Girl’s Participation In Physical Activity And Sports: Benefits And Influence

• Santosh Toppo* (Ph.D scholar), Dr. D. Sultana**(Professor) Department of physical education & sports

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Pondicherry University

Effect of Aum Meditation On Basketball Shooting Accuracy And Passing Accuracy On High School Basketball Players

*Mr. Rajnish Kumar, **Mr. P.Y.Sivachandran***Dr. G.Vasanthi

A Study on the Association between Age, Depression and Physical Performance among Older Adults

Gajanana Prabhu B.Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Physical EducationKuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451 INDIAEmail; prabhuji888gmaiI,comManjunatha H.Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Physical Education,Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451 INDIA

Review Article: Current status of AyurvedaPreeti Rathi (Ph.D Scholar) and

Dr. Renu Mogra (Asso. Prof)College of Home ScienceMaharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan (India)Email- rathi.preçj5jmaiLcom

The Medicinal Wonder of FlaxseedPreeti Rathi (PhD Scholar)’. Dr.Renu Mogra (Asso.Prof)2College of Home Science, Department of Food and Nutrition,Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur Email-i athi. preeti5’ägmail, corn

Effect of Selected Asana and Aerobic Exercise on Selected Lipid Profile Variables of School Girls

*Ms. KumudLata Singh, ** Mr Rajnish Kumar, Dr.P.K.Subramaniam

Athletes at Risk of Overtraining*AJEET KUMAR CHAUBEY**AJAY KUMAR PANDAYSHARVAN SHUKALA

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The Impact of Moderate and High Intensity Total Body Fatigue on Passing Accuracy in Trained and Untrained Basketball Players

*Rajeev Srivastava ** and Dr.D.Sakthignanavel

Morphological Characteristics of State and National Level Power Lifters

Dr. Gobind Singh Principal. Akal College of Physical Education, Sangrur (P1,)Dr. Balwinder Kaur, Asst, Prof ,S.D.S. College of’ Education. Lopon, Moga (Ph)Sukhjeet Singh, Asst. Prof. Kai College of Physical Education. Sangrur (PhjJasbir Singh. Asst. Prof Akal College of Physical Education, Sangrur (Ph)

Assessment Of Achievement Motivation And Competition Anxiety Of interuniversity Level Female Kho-Kho Players

Dr. Rajkumar Sharma & Devarshi Kumar Chaubey*** Sports Authority of India, State Gymnastic coaching Centre, District Sports Complex, Department of Sports and Youth Welfare, In front of S.E.C.L HQ, Seepat Road, Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India** M. PHIL Student, Dr. C. V. Raman University,. Kota, Bilaspur (CG)

Relationship between Motivational Climate and Intrinsic Motivation of National Level Basketball Players

Sandeep Kumar Xalxo* Sharad Chaudhary* Physical Education Teacher, Tribal Higher Secondary School, Ambikapur, Distt.Sarguja (Chhattisgarh)** Lecturer, Govt. Degree College, Chharra, Dist. Aligarh (UP)

Study of Personality Characteristic of Women Football Players and Non Women Football Players.

N.B.Shukla Tushar Dhar Shukla Sudha Shuklaand Monika Thakkar

Role of Ayurvedic Herbs in Women’s healthDr Kumari ShipraJunior Resident 2nd year, Deptt, Of Prasuti Tantra, Dip. in Yoga, Faculty Of Ayurveda, IMS, BKUDr.Neelarn

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Professor Deptt. Prasuti Tantra, Faculty Of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU.

What s a Tribe?N. B. ShuklaMonika ThakkarBhawana SrivastavaAnita KolheSheikh Barkat and Harjeet Kaur

Sports MedicineDr. N. B. ShuklaTushar Dhar ShuklaDr. Binita Tiwari andShweta Srivastava

Project Plan of Anthropology of Sportswomen: A Study of Indian Women hockey Players.

N.B. Shukia , Tushar Dhar Shukia, Sudha, Suneeta and Monika Thakkar

Problems Affecting Adolescence Age in Sport WomenMs. Monika ThakkarDr. N.B. ShuklaDepartment of sports and physical EducationBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi

The role of psycho physiological peculiarities in adaptation of the sports department students

T. I. Kuch ko.Kuzbass Teachers Training Academy U SS

Economic status And Sports Performance of WeightlifterAshwani KumarSanjav MahkotiaMunish Rana

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Development Of A Test To Check The Performance of Any Individual Or Team In Cricket Without The Use Of Technology i.e. A Traditional Approach

Ratnesh

Immediate Effect of Yogic Asanas on Heart Rate And Breathing Frequency

Diwaker, A.K.* & Kumar, Ajay.***Lecturer, R.A.H. Government Degree College, Bidhuna, Auraiya, U.P.**Professor, Deptt. of Physical Education, DAVV, Indore, M.P.

Nutrition   for   Health   and Development Meenaxi Tiwari*,Mamta kumari **Deptt of Textile and Apparel designing*& Deptt.of Food and Nutrition**College of Home science, MPUAT (Udaipur)[email protected]

Role of Sports:- Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment

Meenaxi Tiwari (Research scholar) Deptt.of Textile and Apparel DesigningCollege of Home scienceM.P.U.A.T UDAIPUR (Raj.)[email protected]

Yoga–Need and Importance in Present Era* Dr. Sarvan Kumar Yadav ** Dr. Dinesh kumar yadav

Aerobics – “A New Mode of Fitness”Dr. Smriti MishraAsst. Prof. in Deptt of Physical EducationM.G.K.V.P VNS

Ethics Of Dope Test In Sports- Issues And ConcernDr. S.C.ROY, Associate Professor (Law), Chanakya National Law University, Patna.

An Assessment and Comparison of Stress Vulnerability among Students of Different Professions

Mr. Manoj Kumar* *Research Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi U.P.

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Application of Sponsorship concept in Physical Education*Munmun SahaState Institute of Physical Education for Women*Student, M.P.ED.-II**Dr. Asish Paul**Assistant professor,Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.

Development through Sports and Child EducationNeetuDuttaJagaddallalitadevibalikavidyalaya,JagaddalDr.Asish PaulAsstt Professor,S.I.P.E.W., Hastings House,Alipur, West Bengal

Effect of Training on Some Physiological Variables*Dr. GopaSaha RoyState Institute of Physical Education for Women,Sumitra Kirtania* Dr. Asish Paul**Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.Physical Growth status of girl children

Anthropometry and Health Related Fitness Of Active Older Men Aged 40 To 60 Years

Pintu SilAssistant ProfessorGovt. College of Physical Education for WomenDinhata, CoochBehar

New Dimensions in Character Development through SportsMr. Shivakumar SDepartment of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIADr. S.M.PrakashDepartment of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIA

Comparative Study on Mental Health and Physical Fitness among Tribal & Non-tribal Girls According to Their Fitness Level

Dr. Satinder Paul

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*Assistant Professor, Akal College of Physical Education, Masutana sahib, Sangrur(Punjab)Dr. Devraj Attri Professor, Akal College of Physical Education, Masutana sahib, Sangrur(Punjab)Asshuman Singh***Assistant Professor , Govt. Degree College, Raniganj, Pratapgarh (UP)

A Comparative Study on Physique and Motor Fitness among Tribal & Non-Tribal Football Players

Satinder Paul* Anshuman Singh***Research Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education,R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur (M.S.) **Assistant Professor, Govt. Degree College Raniganj Pratapgarh (U.P.)

Developing Physical Fitness Using Adapted Physical Activities among Children with Mild Intellectual Disability

Nazli

Involvement of Women in SportsRenu GuptaDepartment of Education University of JammuJammu.

A Comparative Study on Physical Anthropometric and Psychological Profile Of Foot Ball And Cricket Players

Dr. Sandip Sankar Ghosh Assistant Professor, State Institute of Physical Education for women, Hastings House, Alipore, Kolkata-700027, West Bengal, India, Cell phone: +919432486653Email. - [email protected]

A Relationship between Sports Achievement Motivation And Sports Competition Anxiety Of State Level Gymnasts

Swarup BiswasResearch Scholar, West Bengal State University,Barasat, West Bengal

Pranayam And Breathing Techniques In Yoga TraditionDr. N. B. ShuklaTushar Dhar ShuklaAnita Kolhe

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Kanta Deb &Savita

Malviyaji’s Concern for Education System And SportsDr. Balroop YadavDept. of Physical EducationMahatma Gandhi Kashi VidyapeethVaranasi

Sound Body in A Sound Mind: A Gift Of MeditationDr. Kuntal Thakur(Asst. Teacher, Bgca Vidyamandir, Howrah, WB)&Arijit Kumar(Asst.Teacher, M.C.Kejriwal Vidyapeeth,Howrah,WB)&Dr. Lakshmi Narayan Kaibarta(Asst. Professor, P.G.G.I.P.E., Banipur, WB)

Promotional concept in Physical EducationDolon SahooEx. Student, M.P.Ed.,State Institute of Physical Education for Women,Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.E-mail: [email protected]

Role of Ayurvedic Bhasma as Ethno-nano medicineDr. Abhishek Kumar Chaturvedi, MD(Ay.) 1 year , Dept. Of Kaumarbhritya/BaI Roga, Faculty of Ayurveda , IMS , BILU

A Comparative study of sports achievement motivationbetween Qualifying and Non Qualifying Teams of East Zone Inter-University Kho-Kho Tournament

Dr. Anand PrakashAsst. ProfessorS.B.P.G. CollegeBaragaon, Varanasi.

Ways Yoga Can Promote Weight LossDr. N. B. ShuklaS.Vijaysshekhar andKumari Meena Singh

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Relationship of Physical Fitness And Skill Performance Of Volleyball Players

Dr. G. KUMARAN and Mr. M. MUTHURAJ,Assistant Professors, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Annamalai University, TN, India.

Technology! Simple Way of ConceptSunil Kumar VishwakarmaLecturerDepartment of Physical EducationDr. Ram Manor Lohia P.G. College Jhottari Ghazipur (U.P.)

“Martial Art Shotokan Karate Develop Mental Health”Miss SavitaDeptt :phy Edu& Sports,Kr.R.C.M.PG.College, Mainpuri(U.P)

Physical Growth Status of Girl ChildrenSumitraKirtania*Dr. Asish Paul***Asstt. Teacher, Belghariamahakali Girls High School **Assistant professor,State Institute of Physical Education for Women,Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.E-mail: [email protected]

Effects of Yogasanas On Selected Psychological Parameters Of School Girls

DR. KUNTAL THAKUR(Asst. Teacher, BGCA vidyamandir, Howrah, WB.)

The Exercise Effect on Insomnia A Psycho-physiological Review Study and Meta-analysis

Prasanta Kumar Bhunia, Research Scholar,Department of Physical Education,Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, Birbhum,West Bengal, India

Comparative Assessment of Coordinative Abilities between General and Physical Education Students

**Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha

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(corresponding Author) Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for Physical Education, Banipur, West Bengal, India e-mail: [email protected]*Tarun Chakrabortty, Director of Physical Education, Dishari College of Education, Burdwan, West Bengal.e-mail: [email protected]

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WHAT IS LIFE?Life is a joy spread it.

Life is a duty perform it.

Life is Sorrow overcome it.

Life is a mystery unfold it.

Life is a challenge meet it.

Life is a tragedy faces it.

Life is a struggle accept it.

Life is a journey complete it.

Life is a song sing it.

Life is a sweet seize it.

Life is a love think it.

Life is a game watch it.

Life is a dream realize it.

Life is a puzzle solve it.

Life is an adventure dare it.

Life is a mystery believe it

Life is a game plan it.

Life is a beauty admire it.

Life is God’s gifts cherish it.

Life is a promise fulfill it.

Life is an Opportunity grasp it.

Life is a flower smell it.

Life is an art describe it.

Life is a cycle ridesit.

Faculty of Arts B.lLJ.

Dr. NB.Shuk1a

Physical Education

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PROGRAMME

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New Dimensions in Character Development through SportsMr. Shivakumar S

Department of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta,

Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIADr. S.M.Prakash

Department of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta,

Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIA

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Competitive sports have a tremendous impact on our culture, influencing the values of millions of participants and spectators. Sport and physical activity are rapidly gaining recognition as simple, low-cost, and effective means of achieving development goals. Sportsmanship and the development of positive character have long been explicit goals of physical education and sport. Questions about moral character have recently come to occupy a central place in philosophical discussion. Little empirical research exists supporting that mere participation in sporting endeavors lead to the development of moral character. In fact, the opposite appears true, that sport participation may be more likely to negatively affect moral character. The purpose of this thematic paper is to reveal facts pertaining to deviant behaviours affecting character development through sports. Further, suggesting remedy to deviant behaviors and facilitating character building was also included in this paper.

Method: Present investigation was accomplished through systematic review of literature. Deviant behaviours discussed in the study included hustling, cheating, serial adultery, alcohol intoxication, fixing, doping, thuggish fighting, violence, equipment tampering, sledging etc.

Findings: Deviant behaviours have become common in the present scenario of sport. Remedial measures in the form of informal and formal education are suggested in the paper.

Conclusion: It is concluded that the sports provide many valuable functions to society. Sports may lead to positive character development if coaches actively seek to do so, and are adequately informed regarding the educational processes required.

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Physical education teachers, coaches, trainers or community leaders have a determining influence on a young person’s sporting experience and on the degree of 'character-building' that can arise. For character education programs to succeed, athletes need both thinking and reasoning programs, role models, a supportive environment, and the strong moral/philosophical commitment of community members, parents, coaches, teachers, students, boosters, and the media.

Key words- Character building, deviant behaviours, sportsmanship etc.

Perspective of Intellectual Property Rights in SportsAnkur Srivastava

Research Scholar, Faculty of Law,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005

Email: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Sports which, for a very long time, was considered to be a recreational activity, has today become a thorough commercial activity generating elephantine profits. A major portion of this revenue flows from various activities such as branding, merchandising, licensing etc. which involve exploitation of the various intellectual property rights of sports clubs. In the process of forming a sports team or a sports club to organizing sports events, there is a huge amount of intellectual property created. Thus there arises an intersection between intellectual property rights and the business of sports. This article highlights various species of intellectual property associated with sports, their protection and various ways of their exploitation. The article also analyses various legal issues that arise often or are foreseen with respect to intellectual property and sports.

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Effects of Yogasanas on Selected Psychological Parameters of School Girls

Dr. Kuntal Thakur(Asst. Teacher, BGCA vidyamandir, Howrah, WB.)

ABSTRACT

The word ‘yoga’ derives from the Sanskrit language ‘yoke’ that means ‘union between body and mind’. The students achieve mental, emotional and physical balance through yogic practice. Yogasanas improve fitness, promotes relaxation, develops self-concept, self-confidence, and attitude and reduces stress as well as anxiety. Self-concept and attitude are complex component of behaviour. Both are improve by yogasanas. The purpose of the present study is to find out the effects of yogasanas on self-concept and attitude of school girls. Methodology: Hundred (100) school girls of District Howrah, West Bengal State were selected at randomly as subjects for the present study. The age limit of the subjects was 10-12 years. All the subjects were divided into two equal groups such as Gr. Y and Gr. C. Gr. Y was experimental group and Gr. C served as control group. Initially Self-concept Inventory scale and school attitude inventory scale were employed to all the subjects of Gr. Y and thereafter specific yogic treatment were given to Gr. Y for four day in a week and continued one year and finally the subjects were retested on criterion measures. The data were analysed by t–ratio to find out the effects of the treatment. Results: The result of the present study showed that self-concept and attitude were improved significantly among yogasanas group after one year yogic treatment.

Keyword: Yogasanas, Attitude, Self-concept.

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Title: Sports Medicine & Role of PhysiotherapyDr. (Smt) U.Lawrence

Lecturer in Physical EducationSVVP VMC Degree & P.G College, MVP colony,

Vishakapatnam.ph:09949797078Email: [email protected]

Prof. M.Syam BabuDirector of Physical Education

Andhra University, VisakhapatnamAndhra Pradesh.ph:09393101927Email: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Sports medicine is an important branch of Sports science that deals with the health aspect Of sportsmen. It may be defined as the arts and science of improving health and performance of sportspersons.

Sports medicine is an all-encompassing term that relates to all aspects of sports, exercises and sportsperson such as:

. Sports anthropometry; Sports biomechanics; Clinical medicine; Growth and development; Sports nutrition and diet.; Sports biochemistry; Drugs and dopes; Exercise physiology; Sports psychology; Sports sociology; Preventive medicine and hygiene; Sports traumatology; Sports physiotherapy and rehabilitation, etc.

Sports today is a highly technical subject. For the improvement of performance either for an individual or for a team, the crude method of force or strength does not count anymore. It essentially depends on the knowledge of body fitness and flexibility and ability for testing the aptitude backed by expert training and coaching and monitored by a qualified sports medic. This is what is called sports today.

ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY

Start with PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). Protection by using brace to prevent abnormal movement of joint may cause further damage. Ice pack used for reducing kpain and swelling; if pain is severe then elbow crutch or stick

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used. Less dynamic exercises used initially progressing to active exercises without support. Physiotherapist’s hands can test for stiffness or pain in ankle and allow movement of the joint gliding movements to normalize the joint mechanics.

TENNIS ELBOW

It occurs for the Settlers, Golfers and Badminton players and it is caused by inflammation or small tears of forearm muscles and tendons or lateral side of elbow and also caused by overloading of forearm muscles due to faulty backhand technique. Improper body positioning with elbow loading racquet, combined with late stroke and ‘wristy’ impact seem to cause this overloading. Two-handed backhand relieves the stress.

Proper racquet selection and grip size play a significant role in preventing Tennis Elbow.

Stiffer graphite type racquet with large heads that expand the impact area, or “sweet spot” preferred. Grip should be comfortable and not too small.

Best way to choose this is by measuring the distance from increase of palm to tip of ring finger.

Treatment

Rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE) and NSAIDs.

Other Treatment: Decreased playing time; Tennis elbow support (counterforce brace); Rehabilitation; If all fails, then surgery.

ROLE OF PHYSIOTEHRAPY

In tennis elbow, physiotherapist tries to reduce pain by various techniques like deep tissue massage, exercises, acupuncture.

Exercise stretches the muscles and can also improve the movements and strengthen elbow and wrist.

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Yoga Hypertension Medicine and Sports scienceDr.N.B.Shukla, Sudha Shukla,

Tushar Dhar Shukla Jully Ojha,

Harjeet kaur,and Sheikh Barkat

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a challenge to the medical profession. It is one of the most common cardio-vascular disease processes. Consistently elevated blood pressure is called Hypertension. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the blood vessel wall. High blood pressure occurs when there is increased tension or pressure in the arteries. The grater the pressure, the harder the heart has to work. Usually Hypertension is asymptomatic i.e. without noticeable symptom. Hence, Hypertension generally goes unnoticed in per and labile stages and only may come to know only when it sets in the fixed. Stage. This is the reason, why hypertension is known as a silent killer and a disease in disguise. In the modern age of advanced technology, people have lost their ability to recognize sickness at its subtle level. We are so busy with our hectic timetable that we only take notice of our health when serious symptom occurs. Yoga is an ancient system of self- development. This offers a holistic approach to man through its ideology & techniques. Yoga is a science and its practice harmonizes the body and mind. Yoga is immensely useful for promoting total health. It also woks effectively as a therapy in three ways- preventive, curative and rehabilitative. The yoga has proved its excellence in disorders like Hypertension. Asana like Ardha matsyendrasana, Uttanasana, Setu bandhasana, Hal asana, Janu Sirs asana, Majariasana, Virasan. Siddhasana, Padmasana, Pashchimottansasna, Sava Sana are the Asana.

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Problems Affecting Adolescence Age in SportswomenMs. Anjita Pandey,

Suneeta Shukla , Kajal Mukharjee,

Urmila Raut Tushar Dhar Shukla

Sudha Shukla Shweta Srivastava&

Dr. N. B. ShuklaDepartment of soprts and physical Education

Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi

ABSTRACT

Teenagers & Drugs

(Substance Abuse)

Adolescence is a time for trying new things. Experimentation with drugs during adolescence is very common. Teenagers often don’t see the like between their actions today and the consequences tomorrow. Using alcohol and tobacco at a Young age increases the risk of using other drugs later. Teens use drugs for various reasons Just for curiosity. it feels good. To reduce Stress. To feel grown up or just to fit in.

The Role of Psycho Physiological Peculiarities in Adaptation Of The Sports Department Students

T.L.Kuchko.Kuzbass Teachers Training Academy Russia

ABSTRACT

The System dynamics research of psychophysiologicsl functions of the sportmen may lead to the working out of adapted methods in operative diagnostics of the functional of the condition of the nervous and their mind.

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They may be “Cyclothyme” Their depressive notions have gained apprehend and become addicts to social evils, social evils are caused on the society directly by humanveing. Social evils rooted like a cancer and are more than 450 in India. “Materialism” is the main cause. Crime rates are higher in cities and students community. poverty, Media Movies, Violence, negligence by parents, drugs, unemployment, martial breakup are main reasons.

Mind control is the basic necessity to drive out the social evils. Youth can quieten their mind through Yoga and mediation, They unaware of their capacity and foolishly tries to procure happiness through bluefish, rape, alcohol, drugs, cheating etc. These false glitters of joy give everlasting sorrow only.

The International of Poetic Yoga and it’s function like Panacea

Dr. Uma Singh

ABSTRACT

he water of poetry flow of poetic consciousness comes, when the mind is still and the ideal principale works above and cutside the brain, above even the hundred- petalled lotus of the ideal mind which revealed, the perfect substance and substance and expression. of eternal truth. The high idealistic thoughts transcends ordinary intellect and perception. By going into pure sensation in the lap of Nature. We can listen the harmonious rhythm of her vibration though realizing oneness with the thing. in such a state, nature make a something for every or suffering of the human life and telling that can be listen only a Yagic stage.

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Yoga and Sports for Health and Mental FitnessDr.N.B.Shukla

Kiran tripathi, Vibha Singh Kajal, Sunita, Sudha, Richa, Krishna Yadav and Tushar Dhar Shukla

ABSTRACT

The present study is based on 300 subject these who took part in yoga and sport exercises regularly and malviya Bhawan, BHU Varanasi India. Similar no. of participant those who never took part and sports and games and yoga activities known as control. The following health and physiological fitness and psychological mental test by cattle’s 16 P.F. Questionnaire.

The results reveals that significant difference, been accorded in all physical and physiological parameter and 9 out of 16 personality factor been significant between players and non players control. It searis that yoga and sports did have effect of physical and mental health of human being- Study is supported by (Bhole 1982, Shukla 2002, 2005.2007) other module submitted and show at time of Presentation.

* Dr. N.B.Shukla Professor and In charge Sports Unit Physical Education Faculty of Arts , BHU, Varanasi, India 221005

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Effect Of Fasting On Anthropometric Variables Physical Fitness Components And Physiological Variables On

Muslim School Going ChildrenDr. Gopal Chandra Saha

(corresponding Author)Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach,

Post graduate govt. Institute for PhysicalEducation, Banipur, West Bengal, India

Shantanu HalderResearch Scholar,

Dept. of Physical Education, University of Kalyani.Dr. Atanu Das

Assistant Professor,Rabindra Mahavidyalaya. Champadanga, Hooghly, W.B.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of Fasting (Roja) during Ramjan month on Anthropometric Measurements Physical Fitness Components and Physiological Variables on Muslim male School Going Children. The subjects undertaken for the study (N=77), age ranging from 10 -20 years, were from different Madrasa school of north 24 parganas district of West Bengal. The parameters chosen for this study under Anthropometric Variables were Weight, Height and Fat percentage, under Physical Fitness components were Flexibility, Abdominal Strength and Shoulder Strength, whereas under Physiological Variables were blood pressure profile. The test was administered prior to the start of Roja. the month of Ramjan and after the completion of one month of Fasting (Roja) and both the data were collected at the respective school premises. To investigate the effect of Fasting (Roja) during Ramjan month on Anthropometric Measurements, Physical Fitness Components and Physiological Variables on Muslim male School Going Children, the analysis of Co-variance was applied at p<0.05 level of significance. The result suggested that the fasting (Roja) have positive and significant effect on Anthropometric Measurements, Physical Fitness Components and Physiological Variables on Muslim male School Going Children.

Key words: Roja, Muslim, Physical, Physiological, Anthropometric

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Skin sensitivity and blood glucose levels of diabetes type h Patients- a relationship study

Shantanu HalderResearch Scholar,

Dept. of Physical Education,University of Kalyani.

Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha (corresponding Author)

Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for Physical

Education, Banipur, West Bengal, India e

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between skin sensitivity and Blood Glucose Levels of Diabetic type II patient. Thirty male Diabetic patients were selected for this study whose age range from 45 to 55 years. . We evaluated the skin sensitivity and blood glucose levels of the participants. Aesthesiometer was used to find out the sensitivity of the skin and fasting blood glucose levels and postprandial glucose levels was measured by the Glucometer for the measurement of blood glucose levels to the nearest mg/dl. Coefficient correlation method at 0.05 level was used to find out if any significance relationship exists between blood glucose level and skin sensitivity of aged male subjects. In conclusion significant relationship was observed between skin sensitivity and Diabetic type II patients. Maintaining safe blood glucose levels are strongly recommended.

KEY WORDS: Tactile Sensitivity, NIDDM

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Comparative Effect of Resistance Running On Vital Capacity between Tribal and Non-Tribal School Boys

Dr Atanu DasAssistant Professor,

Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, Champadanga,Hooghly, W.B.Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha

(Corresponding Author)Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach,

Post graduate govt. Institute for PhysicalEducation, Banipur, West Bengal, Indiae-mail: callmegopal@gmail .com

ABSTRACT

Resistance running has also proven to be a safe and effective method of conditioning for individuals with various needs, goal and abilities. The research scholar was very much interested to learn that the effectiveness of resistance running out of many available training techniques for scientific and systematic manifestation of specific strength endurance potentialities which were admired as the prerequisites factor for top sports performance and that too on tribal’s as well as non-tribal’s school boys and thereby such study was being undertaken. The purpose of the study was to find out the Comparative effect of Resistance running on Vital Capacity between Tribal and Non-Tribal School Boys. To facilitated the study, twenty tribal and twenty non-tribal school boys of 8th and 9th standard were randomly selected from each categories as the subjects for this study. The Resistance running training was executed in the evening session on three alternative days (Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday) in a week for twelve weeks. In this study, the variable under taken were Vital Capacity measured by Wet-Spirometer, which was recorded to the nearest in liters. In order to find out the existence of significant differences among the two experimental groups on vital capacity undertaken in this study in tribal as well as non-tribal school boys in pre, post and adjusted post-test phases, the analysis of co-variance statistics was applied. Further, in order to find out the existence of significant difference between tribal and non-tribal school boys in vital capacity, the Post hoc-test was used between the paired group means in tribal as well as non-tribal school boys categories. The level of significant was set at 0.05 level of confidence. The result of the study suggested that

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tribal school boys due to the effect of Resistance running training showed better performance in Vital capacity than non-tribal school boys.

Key words: Resistance running, Vital Capacity, Tribal, Non-Tribal

Relationship of Combined Motor Fitness with Leg Strength and Selected Anthropometric Measurements on University

Level AthletesDr. Jyostnasis Ghosh

Assistant Professor & Head Department. Kandra Radhakanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya,

The University of Burdwan. Kandra, Burdwan.

ABSTRACT

In the present study the investigator tried his best to find out whether or not there is any relationship between motor fitness and specific body parts of a university level athlete.

For the purpose of the study, 25 university level male Track and Field runners were randomly selected from Lakshmibai National University of Physical Education, Gwalior, M.P, age ranging from 18 to 25. This study was further delimited to measurements of leg strength and selected anthropometric characteristics namely-height, weight, foot length, fore leg length and thigh length.

After recording the measurements and to see the relationship of the above characteristics with combined motor fitness, application of a statistical technique, namely- product moment correlation coefficient was being used by the investigator.

For the purpose of the study, the level of significance was found 0.05 level which was fairly reasonable for this study.

After the computation was done, it was found that leg strength had a positive relationship with motor fitness. Whereas height and weight were found a very low negative relationship with motor fitness.

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Within the further extension of the study, it was also found that relationship between motor fitness with both foot length and thigh length was not positive.

Lastly in case of fore leg length, the relationship with the motor fitness was also found insignificant.

Key Words;- Combined Motor Fitness, Leg Strength, Anthropometric Characteristics, and Product Moment Correlation Coefficient.

Critical Analysis Of Indian Table Tennis Performance in Olympic Perspective

Dr. Somshankar ChatterjeeAssistant Professor, P. G. G.I.P.E, Banipur, West Bengal.

Diploma in Sports Coaching in Table Tennis, N.S.N.LS, Patiala.

ABSTRACT

Movement to introduce the game of Table Tennis in Olympic was began in 1931. But the game was included in the Olympic after 57 long years in the year 1988. Since 1988 Table Tennis is one of the most popular Olympic sports. After Table Tennis joined the Olympic programme in 1988, China has won 20 of the 24 available gold medals. The only European Olympic gold medalist so far has been the legendary Swedish player Jan-Ove Waldner. India regularly took part in Olympic Table Tennis since 1988. There was total 12 players (6 Men and 6 Women) participated in Olympic Games while represent India in Table Tennis. The best performance till date in Olympic by any Indian done by Kamlesh Mehta during 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games when he got 17th rank. Indian paddlers played total 59 matches in Olympic Games out of that only 14 won by Indian players. The number of match won by the players is combined effort in both Men and Women events. The purpose of the study was to analysis the performance of Indian Table Tennis players in the Olympic and exploration of its present scenario.

KEY WORD: Table Tennis, Olympic Games, Indian Table Tennis.

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Effect of Interval Training Method and Repetition Training Method on the Performance of 200mts. Sprint

Vipin Tiwari Dr. Keshav Singh Gurjar

ABSTRACT

It is well known that speed is the basic requirement for the success of all sports and games. Along with other components speed also needed in an adequate for every sports.

Speed has a complex nature as it depends to a considerable extent on the central nervous system and muscular system or we can say that it depends on the neuro-muscular coordination. Due to this fact the exact nature of speed abilities is difficult to discover and understand. Moreover, because we can influence the functioning of control nervous system only to a very limited extent, therefore speed performances can be improved to considerable extent as is the case in strength and endurance. Besides because of high role of co-coordinative process in a speed performance, the improvement of speed has to be done with specific means and methods by improving the muscular system.

The purpose of the study was to find out which method of training that is interval training or repetition training is more helpful in improving the performance of 200 meters sprint.

Thirty male students from kiddy’s corner sr.sec.school Gwalior were selected as subjects for this study. They were classified into three groups of 10 each. Out of three two were experimental and one was control group. The treatment was assigned to each group. Group ‘A’ and ‘B’ were designated as experimental, while group ‘C’ was designated as control group.

The training was given for two months, five days to both the experimental groups. The volume of the work was very less for very first week and it was gradually increased from second week to the last week of training programme.

On the basis of analysis of the data the following conclusions may be drawn:

There has been a significant improvement on the performance of 200 meters sprint due to the effect of Interval Training Method Programme.

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There has been a significant improvement on the performance of 200 meters sprint due to the effect of Repetition Training Method Programme.

No significant difference has been found between two training programmes viz. interval Training Method Programme and Repetition Training Method Programme.

In the light of conclusions drawn the following recommendations are made:

Interval training is necessary for all the sports and games according to their nature or need.

Interval training and repetition training should be given emphasis for almost all sports and games when different forms of speed are required at the same time.

Sports Law IssuesN.B. Shukla

Tushar Dhar Shukla

ABSTRACT

Until recently times were never a part of the landscape of sports law. However, in 1975 an Illinois’ appeals court established the notion that players can be found guilty of negligence if their actions are “deliberate, willful or with a reckless disregard for the safety of another player so as cause injury to that player.” See Nabozny v. Barnhill. Negligence torts are typically harder to prove in contact sports, where violent actions and injuries are more common and thus more expected (assumption of risk or self- defense). Spectators can also sue for negligence if their injuries could not have been expected (not foreseeable) given the nature of the sporting event they were attending. A baseball fan sitting in the bleachers could reasonable expect a baseball could come toward the seat, but a wrestling fan sitting courtside could not reasonably expect a wrestler to come flying his or her way.

Sports’ tort law extends into other less obvious areas. Team doctors could be liablc for medical malpractice, a form of negligence, for giving a player a false clean bill of health just so that player may continue to perform. A player who purposefully causes bodily harm to another athlete, coach or spectator may be guilty of committing an intentional tort along with a criminal act of assault and battery. The law of defamation

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protects a person’s good character or reputation. The publication of false information about a well-known athlete (public figure) may be actionable if it was published with a reckless disregard for the truth or actual malice. The growth of non-traditional media outlets, e.g. web pages, instant messaging, cable, etc. has added a new dynamic to this area of the law.

Closely related to the subject of torts in some ways, is the area of publicity rights. While the tort of defamation protects a person’s reputation, the right of publicity permits a person to commercial exploit his or her likeness, name and image. This area of sports law includes trademarks, trade names, domain names and even copyrights.

Business and Academic Aspects of Sports LawDr. N. B. Shukla

Tushar Dhar Shukla

The leaders of the businesses of sports include the heads of the major international and national organizations of the IOC, USOC, and their respective NGBs. The owners of major professional sports teams ranging from the Rooney family in Pittsburgh to Al Davis in Oakland are all major contributors to the popularity of their respective sports and industries. The executive directors of the various players association, including one of the longest sifting union leaders - Donald Fehr - of the MLB Players Association, also have become well known publicly for negotiating CBAs in the best interests of its players. The owners of each professional sports league elect a commissioner who serves as that sport’s media voice. Perhaps the best known commissioner is the NBA’s David Stern. Television and other media executives and reporters play a critical role in presenting sports before the public allowing instantaneous unfolding of occasionally civil and criminal sports acts. The so-called Janet Jackson wardrobe malfunction during an NFL Super Bowl half-time show raised legal issues of broadcast indecency, by way of example.

The field of sports law as an area worthy of definition and academic inquiry owes a debt of gratitude to Professor Robert Berry who organized the material and taught the first course in Sports Law at Boston College Law School [ctk1ti0u1 needed] Shortly thereafter, the late Robert Waters(University of Miami Law School) and Professors Weistart and Lowell contributed substantially to the field.[ctatt0u? needed] At the

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non-law school level, the first Sports Law course materials and classes were independently created by Professor Glenn Wong (University of Massachusetts Amherst) and Professor Michael E. Jones (now at University of Massachusetts Lowell).[d1t4tb0h1 needed] The first Sport Agency Management course was taught by Professor Darren Heitner (Indiana University Bloomington).

The Tulane University Law School offers a certificate in Sports Law and runs the Sports Lawyers Journal, a student-run law journal funded by the Sports Lawyers Association (SLA).

At 1992 in Athens, was founded the International Association of Sports Law (IASL) during the 1st International Congress on Sports Law. The objective of IASL is the cultivation and the development of the Science, the research and the teaching of Sports Law and the institution of the Olympic Games.

Prevention of Suicidal Ideation through Yoga Among Adolescent Students

Thakur G H and Shete S.Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadharna. Lonavala

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to assess the effect of residential yoga training on Psychological parameters among the adolescent students having suicidal tendency and mental-ill-health. Survey was done on 20,000 students to assess the suicidal tendency by using the Suicidal Tendency Questionnaire (STQ). 90 students (39 boys and 51 girls), having suicidal tendency, were selected for one month residential experimental study with one month follow-up. Subjects were divided into Experimental & Control groups. Each group consists of 45 students with the age range 17 to 23 years (Mean ±SD; 19.24 ±1.36). Pre-Post-follow-up data were collected on Suicidal Tendency Questionnaire (STQ). 1 6PF, Word Association Test (WAT). Locus of Control (LOC) & Kaivalyadhama Yoga Attitude Scale (KYAS). RMANOVA test followed by post-hoc analysis showed significant descending profile in suicidal tendency among experimental group as compared to the control group. As per observation, deterioration in frustration (p<O.O5) and

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improving the mental health (p<O.OS) may be the cause for the decline in suicidal tendency after one month of yoga training. Moreover, significant improvement also seen in emotional stability, Happy, expedient, boldness, trust, shrewdness, placid, Undisciplined self-conflict, tension & anxiety at 0.05 levels. Further improvement were seen in WAT (p<O.05) and KYAS (p<O.O5). High magnitude of change also observed in LOC (p<O.O5). The study summarizes that yoga practice leads to reversal and prevention of suicidal tendency as indicated in psychological results.

Relationship of Selected Physical and Physiological Variables to the Performance of Standing Broad Jump

Sumalya RoyAssistant Professor,

Chatra Rarnai Pundit Mahavidyalaya, Burdwan Univervity West Bengal.

ABSTRACT

Jumping is used in some forms or other in almost every activity. Standing Broad Jump is one of the methods to measure the leg explosive power which played an important role in sports performance. The study tried to pay immense concentration to find out the relationship of selected physical and physiological variables with the performance of Standing Broad Jump of male college sports personalities. Physical variables which chosen for the study were Leg Length, Leg Volume, Total Body Weight, and fat weight and as physiological variables Blood pressure, Breath hold Capacity, Vital Capacity and Anaerobic Capacity were selected. For the purpose of present study preliminarily 75 male sports personalities were randomly selected from various sports discipline of Lakshmibai National University of Physical Education. Gwalior, M.P and after that on the basis of their standing broad performance first 30 male, age in between 18-23 years were finally chosen as subject for the study.

To find out the mentioned relationship Pearson Product Moment Correlation was applied after collecting the data. After computation the statistics, at 0.05 level of significance, result indicated that Leg Length, Leg Volume, Total Body Weight, Breath hold Capacity (negative), and Anaerobic Capacity had significant positive relationship with standing broad jump performance whereas blood pressure, vital capacity and fat weight showed insignificant relation to the SB.] performance. The

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result might be attributed to the fact that increasing leverage action due to greater leg length, higher muscular strength is directly proportional to the muscle diameter, total body weight is related for gaining optimum momentum, anaerobic nature of SB.? is directly related to negative breath hold capacity and anaerobic capacity of an individual. In other hand the parameters blood pressure, vital capacity and fat weight are somehow related with aerobic potentiality of a sports personality. Result might be differed in case of alteration of the form of jumping.

Key Word: Standing Broad Jump, Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Physical and Physiological Variables.

The Exercise Effect on Insomnia

A Psycho-physiological Review Study and Meta-analysisPrasanta Kumar Bhunia,

Research ScholarDepartment of Physical Education,

Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, Birbhum,West Bengal,

ABSTRACT

Background of the study: Now a days ‘insomnia’ has become a burning issue behind the impairments of everyday normal life of the people. It is rather a psycho-physiological symptom than a disease, characterized with inadequate quantity or quality of sleep. Recent statistics (from Warwick Medical School Researchers) reveals that one of each twenty people in India suffers from insomnia. Aim of the study: The said study through the review of concerned literature aims at defining the exercise effects on insomnia as well as focusing the stretch of exercise benefits to the psycho-physiological wellness of ethnic civilization. Method: The meta-analysis as a method of summarization of research findings issued from related literature and as a pathway of discussion has been taken up. Result: 18 corroborating studies have been gone through resulting in 98 issues of insomnia and its management to be meta-analyzed. Discussion: Out of 98 research findings meta-analyzed 65 ones have been observed minutely, of which 18 ones are of accentuation. Conclusion: In going to

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mate-analyze it has become obvious that regular physical exercise, physical and social activities along with regular psychological counseling are one of the best non-pharmacological treatments of insomnia because of their less side effects than medication.

Key-words: Insomnia management, psycho-physiological symptom, exercise, non-pharmacological treatment, psycho-physiological wellness, meta-analysis.

Effect of Low and High Intensity Strength Training On Speed and Explosive Strength among College Men Players

* Rakesh Prasad and **Mangesh Kumar Pal* Ph.D Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University•*phD Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to find out the influence of low and high intensity strength training on speed and explosive strength among college men players. To achieve the purpose of this study forty five male students were selected at random from Tagore arts college, District Pondicherry. Their age ranged from 17 to 22 years. They were divided into three groups and designed as Experimental group A, Experimental group B and Control group C. The Experimental group A was given low intensity training, experimental group B was given high intensity for a period of twelve weeks, weekly three days only in the morning session from 7:30 am to 8:30 am, Whereas control group ‘C’ is not involved any specific exercise programme other than their regular physical activities programmes. The Data were collected before and after the training programme arid statistically analyzed by using analysis of co-variance (ANOCOVA). The results of the study indicated that the speed and explosive have significantly improved when compared with control group and pre test and it was also observed that high intensity strength training is better than the low intensity strength training at 0.05 level of confidence.

Key words: Low intensity, High intensity, Strength training Speed and Explosive power.

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Comparative Assessment of Coordinative Abilities between General and Physical Education Students

**Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha(corresponding Author) Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach, Post

graduate govt. Institute for Physical Education, Banipur, West Bengal, India e-mail: callmegopalgmail.com

*Tarun Chakrabortty,Director of Physical Education, Dishari College of Education, Burdwan, West Bengal.

e-mail: tarunchakrabortty86rediffmail.comABSTRACT

Coordinative abilities are primarily dependent on the motor control and regulation process of the central nervous system. For each Coordinative ability the motor control and regulation process function in a definite pattern; when a particular aspect of these functions is improved then the sportsman is in a better position to carry out a certain group of movements which for their execution depends on the central nervous system functioning pattern. It is evident in various studies that to enhance the performance capabilities in any field of one’s interest, coordinative abilities are essential to be developed from his childhood days. So the researcher was interested to find out if there was any significant difference between the General Education and Physical Education students in respect of coordinative abilities. For the purpose of the study forty students (20 male and 20 female) age ranging from 23-28 years were selected randomly from each colleges, namely Dishari College of Education and Post Graduate Govt. Institute for Physical Education. The Variables selected under Coordinative abilities are Orientation Ability measured by Numbered Medicine Ball Run test, Differentiation Ability measured by Backward Medicine Ball Throw Test, Reaction Ability measured by Nelson Hand Reaction Test, Balance Ability measured by stock Stand Test and Rhythmic Ability were measured by Sprint of Given Rhythm Test. In order to find out the existence of significant differences between the students of the two different stream of students on Coordinative abilities, Independent sample ‘t’ test statistical procedure was applied for calculation of the data. The level of significant was set at

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• 0.05 level. The result showed significant difference in the selected coordinative abilities and physical education students was found better in comparison to general education students.

Key words: Coordinative Abilities, General students, physical education students

Girl’s Participation in Physical Activity and Sports: Benefits and Influence

• Santosh Toppo* (Ph.D scholar), Dr. D. Sultana**

(Professor) Department of physical education & sportsPondicherry University

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to know the benefits and influence on girl’s participation in physical activity and sports. Evidence suggests that from an early age, differences in gender- based attitudes towards and opportunities for sports and physical activities can have a significant influence on children’s participation. This in turn, affects later involvement in physically active lifestyles, and the social and health benefits that may result for them. There are remarkable

• benefits to participation in physical activity and sports regarding physical, social, and emotional as reduced risks of a variety of diseases, leads to weight control, lower the level of blood sugar and prevention of osteoporosis in later age. Participation brings generalized feeling of empowerment among girls as well as it reduces the levels of anxiety, stress and depression. Regardless these benefits there are hindrance in the path of girl’s participation in physical activity and sports. One of them is gender difference beside this factors which influence are

• biological, psychological, social and environmental such as age, family, motivation, attitudes, type of activity etc. The benefits of participation in physical activities are great, and the potential costs of inactivity can be severe. Many girls around the world are not currently able to take advantage of the benefits of regular sports and physical activities due to inequitable access and opportunities. Therefore, a central challenge

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facing governments, schools, sports groups and communities is to develop forms of physical activity that are sensitive to girls’ needs and interests.

• Keywords: Girls, physical activity, sports

Effect of Aum Meditation on Basketball Shooting Accuracy and Passing Accuracy on High School Basketball Players

*Mr. Rajnish Kumar,

**Mr. P.Y.Sivachandran

,***Dr. G.Vasanthi

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to analyze the effect of aum meditation on basketball shooting accuracy and passing accuracy on high school basketball players. The study was conducted on thirty high school basketball players. Subject were randomly assigned equally in to two group, Group ‘A’ underwent Aum Meditation (n1 5)and group ‘B’(nl 5)acted a control group .Their age ranged from 13 to 17 years the experimental programme was carried out for twelve weeks for six days in a weeks in the morning time hours. The data collection from the experimental and control group was statistically examined with ‘T’ Ratio. The level; of significant was set at 0.01 There was a statistically significant improvement in Basketball Shooting accuracy and Passing accuracy.

Key words: Aum meditation, Basketball Shooting, Basketball Passing

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A Study on the Association between Age, Depression and Physical Performance among Older Adults

Gajanana Prabhu B.Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Physical Education

Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451 INDIAEmail; prabhuji888gmaiI,com

Manjunatha H.Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Physical Education,

Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451 INDIA

ABSTRACT

Introduction: As the proportion of the world’s population in the older ages continue to increase, the need for improved information and analysis of ageing increases. Modernization and urbanization have weakened traditional family structure, and precipitated value changes, which in turn have placed the older adults at economic and psychological stress. Age and gender were found to be influencing factors for the hand grip strength. Unrecognized and untreated depression has fatal consequences in terms of both suicide and non suicide mortality. The public health community can monitor depression in the population and promote chronic disease prevention efforts. The purpose of this empirical study was to explore association between age, depression and hand grip strength among older adults.

Methods: The subjects for the present cross-sectional study were 102 older adults residing in old age homes of Shimoga district between the age group of 61 and 95 years. Hand grip strength measured by the help of an analogue hand grip dynamometer was used as a proxy for physical performance among older adults. Assessment of depression was accomplished by means of Short Form Geriatric Depression Scale (Yesavage, et al., 1983). Correlation coefficient between age, depression and grip strength were determined by employing Pearson product moment correlation coefficient.

Results: There was a significant correlation between age and grip strength in both male and female; depression and right hand grip strength in both male and female; but depression was not significantly correlated with left hand grip strength. Further it was observed that there was a significant correlation between age and depression in female

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section where as such a significant correlation was not observed between age and depression in male section.

Conclusion: This research supports the hypothesis that the hand grip strength and age were influencing factors for the prediction of depression among older adults. There was negative correlation between grip strength and age; right hand grip strength was negatively correlated with depression; and positive relationship between age and depression among older women was observed.

Key words: Depression, physical performance, hand grip strength, older adults.

Review Article: Current status of AyurvedaPreeti Rathi (Ph.D Scholar) and

Dr. Renu Mogra (Asso. Prof)College of Home Science

Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan (India)

Email- rathi.preçj5jmaiLcom

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda has the distinction of being the “oldest medical system known to man and the oldest and most comprehensive spiritual teachings in the world”. Ayurveda is based on the principle of maintaining a balance between the interrelated relationships within the body and mind. It helps the patient to understand the benefits of knowing their body and mind and to live in intimate relationship with nature. According to IMS Health reports the global pharmaceutical market is expected to reach $1.1 trillion in 2014. The size of the market is expected to grow nearly $300 billion over the next five years. According to World Health Organization (WHO), three-quarters of the world population relies upon traditional remedies (mainly herbs) for the health care (Anwarul Hassan Gilani, 2005). There is prominent shit from Western medicinal system to Traditional system not only in developing countries, but in developed countries too. WHO estimates that, the ftsent demand for medicinal plants is-- US $14 billion a year and by 2050 it would be —US $5 trillion (Aneesh, 2009). Cost effectiveness and fewer side effects are the added advantage of traditional systems compared with allopathic system with harmful side effects and high cost. Ayurveda

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and Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) system are the most ancient traditional medicinal systems of the world (Bhushan Patwardhan et al., 2005). Due to the increasing demand of the Traditional medicinal system, WHO is very keen in creating guidelines and standards for Herbal remedies (WHO, 2092). Chinese medicinal system gained considerable ground in the international arena by their research and science based approach. Even though Ayurveda is one of the world’s oldest traditional medicinal systems with well documented literature accounts, it is struggling hard to establish itself in the international market. India as great opportunities waiting in the areas related to patents and trademarks Aneesh. 2009). India needs to identify the extent to which Ayurvedic therapeutics is safe and effective so that it could get wide global acceptance.

The Medicinal Wonder of FlaxseedPreeti Rathi (PhD Scholar)’.

Dr.Renu Mogra (Asso.Prof)2College of Home Science, Department of Food and Nutrition,

Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur Email-i athi. preeti5’ägmail, corn

ABSTRACT

Flaxseed and flaxseed oil (Linum usitatissimum [Latin]), also called linseed oil, comes from the flax plant, which has been cultivated for domestic use since prehistoric times. Flaxseed is an excellent source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 fatty acid that has been linked to a

• reduced risk of breast and colon cancer. Enzymes in your body convert the linolenic acid in flaxseed into docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)—the same fatty acids found in fish oil, which have been found to help prevent cardiovascular disease. Both flaxseed and flaxseed oil offer substantial cardiovascular protection to the body. Diets rich in alpha-linolenic acid have been shown to help lower both total cholesterol and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Alpha-linolenic acid has also been shown to reduce the amount of triglycerides in the body. Eating flaxseed may also help lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Whole or ground

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flaxseed contains substances called lignaus that help block the estrogen supply needed to sustain breast cancer tumors. The phytoestrogens in whole flaxseed may help ease menopausal symptoms by acting as a sort of natural estrogen replacement therapy. The fiber found in flaxseed acts as a laxative and helps promote normal digestion; as the flaxseed fiber is digested in the intestine it forms mucilage, a sticky substance that helps coat the stomach and

• ease symptoms gastritis, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome. Eating flaxseed regularly may help prevent colon cancer.

Effect of Selected Asana and Aerobic Exercise on Selected Lipid Profile Variables of School Girls

*Ms. KumudLata Singh, ** Mr Rajnish Kumar, Dr.P.K.Subramaniam

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to analyze the effect of selected asana and aerobic exercise on selected lipid profile variables of school girls. The study was conducted on thirty school girls. Subject were randomly assigned equally in to three group, Group ‘A’ underwent Asana (n=15), group ‘B’ underwent Aerobic Exercise (n1 5) and Group three acted as control group .Their age ranged from 15 to 18 years. The experimental programme was carried out for twelve weeks for six days in a week in the morning time 6.30 AM to 7.30 AM. The data collection from the experimental and control group was statistically examined with Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).The level of significant was set at 0.05.There was a statistically significant

• Improvement in Lipid Profile of School Girls.

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Athletes at Risk of Overtraining*AJEET KUMAR CHAUBEY

**AJAY KUMAR PANDAYSHARVAN SHUKALA

ABSTRACT

Athletes fail to perform to the best of their ability if they become infected, stale, sore or malnourished. Excessive training with insufficient recovery can lead to a debilitating syndrome in which performance and well being can be affected for months. Eliminating or minimizing these problems by providing advice and guidelines on training loads, recovery times, nutrition or pharmacological intervention and regular monitoring of athletes using an appropriate battery of markers can help prevent the development of an overtraining syndrome in athletes. The potential usefulness of objective physiological, biochemical and immunological markers of overtraining has received much attention in recent years. Practical markers would be ones that could be measured routinely in the laboratory and offered to athletes as part of their sports science and medical support. The identification of common factors among over trained athletes in comparison with well-trained athletes not suffering from underperformance could permit appropriate intervention to prevent athletes from progressing to a more serious stage of the overtraining syndrome. To date, no single reliable objective marker of impending overtraining has been identified. Some lines of research do, however show promise and are based on findings that over trained athletes appear to exhibit an

• altered hormonal response to stress. For example, in response to a standardized bout (or repeated bouts) of high intensity exercise, over trained athletes show a lower heart rate, blood lactate and plasma cortical response. Several immune measures that can be obtained from a resting blood sample (e.g. the expression of specific cell surface proteins such as CD45RO÷ on T-lymphocytes) also seem to offer some hope of identifying impending overtraining. If an athlete is suspected of suffering from overtraining syndrome, other measures will also required, if only to exclude other possible causes of underperformance including post-viral fatigue, glandular fever, clinical depression, poor diet, anemia, asthma, allergies, Thyroid disorders, myocarditis and other medical problems interfering with recovery.

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The Impact of Moderate and High Intensity Total Body Fatigue on Passing Accuracy in Trained and Untrained

Basketball Players*Rajeev Srivastava ** and Dr.D.Sakthignanavel

ABSTRACT

Despite the acknowledged importance of fatigue on performance in sport, ecologically sound studies investigating fatigue and its effects on sport-specific skills are surprisingly rare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of moderate and high intensity total body fatigue on passing accuracy in trained and untrained basketball players. Ten untrained basketball players (age: 23.30 ± 1.05 yrs) and ten trained basketball players (age: 22.50 ± 0.41 yrs) volunteered to participate in the study. Both groups performed the modified AAHPERD Basketball Passing Test under three different testing conditions: rest, moderate intensity and high intensity total body fatigue. Fatigue intensity was established using a percentage of the maximal number of squat thrusts performed by the participant in one minute. ANOVA with repeated measures revealed a significant (F 2.36 = 5.252, p = 0.01) level of fatigue by level of skill interaction. On examination of the mean scores it is clear that following high intensity total body fatigue there is a significant detriment in the passing performance of both untrained and trained basketball players when compared to their resting scores. Fundamentally however, the detrimental impact of fatigue on passing performance is not as steep in the trained players compared to the untrained players. The results suggest that trained or skilled players are better able to cope with both moderate and high intensity fatigue conditions and maintain a higher level of performance when compared to untrained players. The findings of this research therefore, suggest the need for trainers and conditioning coaches in basketball to include moderate, but particularly high intensity exercise into their skills sessions. This specific training may enable players at all levels of the game to better cope with the demands of the game on court and maintain a higher standard of play.

KEY WORDS: Squat thrusts, ecological validity, anaerobic.

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No Morphological Characteristics of State and National Level Power Lifters

Dr. Gobind Singh Principal. Akal College of Physical Education, Sangrur (P1,)Dr. Balwinder Kaur, Asst, Prof,S.D.S. College of’ Education. Lopon, Moga (Ph)

Sukhjeet Singh, Asst. Prof. Akal College of Physical Education. Sangrur (PhjJasbir Singh. Asst. Prof Akal College of Physical Education, Sangrur (Ph)

ABSTRACT

The present study has been conducted on one hundred twenty six junior male power lifters (sixty three each from state and national level competition) to find out the difference between their physique and body composition Each subject has been measured anthropometrically by following the technique of Tanner et at (1969). Percentage of body fat has been estimated by applying the method of Brozek et al (1963) to the body density obtained from the formulae given by Durnin and Womersley (1974). Somatotype was assessed by using the method of Heath and Carter (1967).

The data was treated by applying” 1” test.

The result revealed that power lifters having national participation in their credit were found to possess significantly (p<O5) greater biacrornial diameter, upper arm, hip, chest and thigh circumferences. They also possess significantly high mesomorphic rating than their counterparts. It is also worth recording that higher representation level power lifters were shorter in height and had lower percentage of body fat than the lower representation group of power lifters, it was concluded that higher representation power lifters differ from the lower representation group in the parameters which arc correlated with the performance.

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Assessment of Achievement Motivation and Competition Anxiety of interuniversity Level Female Kho-Kho Players

Dr. Rajkumar Sharma & Devarshi Kumar Chaubey**

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to assess the achievement motivation and competition anxiety of tribal and non-tribal netball players. A total number of 96 female

Kho-Kho players of Inter-university level belong to tribal and non-tribal area of Chhattisgarh was investigated. The age ranged of the players was 19 to 22 years. To assess the achievement motivation and competition anxiety, sports achievement motivation questionnaire prepared and standardized by M. L. Kamlesh (1990) & Sports Competition Anxiety Scale prepared and standardized by R. Martens (1977). Copies of the questionnaires were distributed to 96 (Tribal 48, Npntribal48) female Kho-Kho players of Inter-university level. As soon as a group of players completed the questionnaire, it was collected from and verified that no questionnaire was left without being answered to assess the achievement motivation and Sports competition anxiety, means. SD, t-ratio and Pearson Moment Coefficient correlation (r) were computed by using SPSS 16. The results of the study showed that the significant difference was not found between tribal and non-tribal inter-university level female Kho-Kho players in their achievement motivation and Sports competition anxiety. But positive correlation was observed between achievement motivation and sports competition anxiety among tribal and non-tribal Kho-Kho female players of inters- university level.

* Sports Authority of India, State Gymnastic coaching Centre, District Sports Complex, Department of Sports and Youth Welfare, In front of S.E.C.L HQ, Seepat Road, Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India

** M. PHIL Student, Dr. C. V. Raman University,. Kota, Bilaspur (CG)

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Relationship between Motivational Climate and Intrinsic Motivation of National Level Basketball Players

Sandeep Kumar Xalxo* Sharad Chaudhary

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between motivational climate and intrinsic motivation of male Basketball players. The sample consisted of fifty male Basketball players of national level belong to Chhattisgarh region . The average age of players was 19.8 years with a range of 17— 23. The subjects responded to a 15-item Perceived Motivational Climate in Sports Questionnaire (I’MCSQ) developed by Seifriz et al (1992). and a 9-item Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) prepared & developed by McAuley, Duncan. & Tummen, (1989). Mean, standard deviation Pearson’s Correlations, Analysis of Variance followed by Scheffe’s test of Post-hoc comparison were used to analyse the collected data. The results of study indicated the significant differences between motivational climate groups among national level Basketball players adopting a high mastery and low performance outlook. Basketball players of national level who perceived themselves as highly competent adopted a performance orientated climate and focused on comparing performance with others. It was also observed that increased levels of enjoyment and effort were also associated with increased levels of tension.

* Physical Education Teacher, Tribal Higher Secondary School, Ambikapur, Distt.

Sarguja (Chhattisgarh)

** Lecturer, Govt. Degree College, Chharra, Distj. Aligarh (UP)

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Study Of Personality Characteristic Of Women Football Players And Non Women Football Players.

N.B.Shukla Tushar Dhar Shukla

Sudha Shuklaand Monika Thakkar

ABSTRACT

Football is a game that can be played by all the ages. It can be highly competitive, requiring high level of fitness, agility and coordination or it can be relaxing and highly enjoyable reaction. To play cogitatively the game requires concentration and quick thinking and a great deal of movements. The Speed of the game means the players might be thinking of attack at one movement and the defense the next movement, the must he concentrating all the time if they are to keep up with play. Football is an all action game with none of the player acting as involuntary spectator for part of the game as in other team such as Basketball, Hockey and Netball.

The Indian coach, the late S.A.Rahim, advised his players to keep the ball along the ground and make short passes. Adopting these tactics, the Indians did not allow the hefty Australians to play their normal robust game Neville D’Souza earned the distinction of being the first Indian to score a beautiful hat- trick. In the semifinal, India played against Yugoslavia Indians, who were in a positive mood, wanted to take revenge as Yugoslavia had defeated them by 10 goals to 1 in the 1952 Olympics in I Helsinki, Finland. The Indians could hold them in the first half and took the lead in the second hall’ through the solo charts of Neville D’Souza. But Yugoslavia increased the pressure and scored four goals in a row. In a playoff match for the bronze medal India lost to l3ulgaria by 3 goals 1A 1. In this manner, India got fourth position after just winning one match.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The aim of the present study were as fallows

1. To find out the sex differences in the extroversion, neuroticism and psychoticim of women football players.

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2. To find out difference between the women footballers and non footballers with respect to psychoticim, lie-scale, extroversion and neuroticism.

3. To find our inter-subject differences on extroversion , psychoticim. Lie-scale and neuroticism of the top level sportsmen.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

A comparative study of’ personality characteristics ohf men footballersl and nonfootballers.

Role of Ayurvedic Herbs in Women’s healthDr Kumari Shipra

Junior Resident 2nd year, Deptt, Of Prasuti Tantra, Dip. in Yoga, Faculty Of Ayurveda, IMS, BKU

Dr.NeelarnProfessor Deptt.Of Prasuti Tantra, Faculty Of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU.

Summary:

“Woman is responsible for creation of a iaewlife” so health of the women is necessary for a healthy society. Ayurveda has been widely recognized as a system of natural health care congenial to the health needs of women. All over the world more and more women are turning to herbal medicine so that they have more control of their bodies throughout their lives. Ayurveda helps women to find their own body rhythm, which is closely linked with nature and its changes resulting in lasting solutions to their health problems. The women respond well both mentally and physically to Ayurvedic medicines. Periodic rejuvenation therapy will keep health, beauty and zest for life intact throughout the years.

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What s a Tribe?N. B. Shukla

Monika ThakkarBhawana Srivastava

Anita KolheSheikh Barkat and

Harjeet Kaur

ABSTRACT

A tribe is an lndian group which possesses certain qualities br and characteristics that make it a unique cultural, social, and political entity. The nature of what constitutes an Indian tribe and the very nature of tribes have changed considerably over the course of centuries. but certain characteristics have remained.

Sports MedicineDr. N. B. Shukla

Tushar Dhar ShuklaDr. Binita Tiwari and

Shweta Srivastava

ABSTRACT

Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals in physical ls. LrLiuIIcm lIu injuries related to sports and exercise. Although most sports lcaiiis k\ i’piu J I Ufli Ii many years, it is only since the late 20th century that Sport and [crci%c Icdiciiic hi ctnc. distinct entity in health care.

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Project Plan of Anthropology of Sportswomen A Study of Indian Women hockey Players.

N.B. Shukia , Tushar Dhar Shukia,

Sudha, Suneeta and

Monika Thakkar

ABSTRACT

Anthropometry is a since or technology which deals with the measurement of a size shape and proportion of the human body. Eiben (1972) define “physique as the morphological constitution of the adult person which is formed by the manifestation or genetically endowment and as result of adaptation processes of environmental effect”. It has a rich tradition sports science and physical education e.g. effec1’. Investigation of the physique of Olympic athletes 1mm 1928 to 1 976 Kohlrausch 1929, Amsterdem 1928 Olympic events and even within sports specialties. Similarly studies conducted by Joki (1964) of the Olympics using the data from 1962 Helsinki Olympic. Hirata (1966) at the 1964 Olympic game in Tokyo, observed considerable difference in age height and weight of participants in different events. De Garay et al. (1974) during Mexico Olympic noticed similar variation in morphological characteristics. Carter (1982) in the MOGAP study showed large size difference between athletes in some events and sports, but some similarities between others.

Athletes are a group of people who have been subjected to a selection process through various competitive tests resulting in their identity as those best physically fit. Therefore they provide a suitable group for the study of their morphological variation and other characteristics in the process of adaptation. (Shukla 2010).

Significantly better develop among them. The half- hacks who as the name suggest have to perform both the function defending and feeding the attacker process body’ size and composition by fitting their requirements in play. L’hus they are shorter and lighter among all sub-groups.

The forward have to be more fast along with proper control of the ball, posses greater lower extremities and similar billiocristal breadth.

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Problems Affecting Adolescence Age in Sport WomenMs. Monika Thakkar

Dr. N.B. ShuklaDepartment of sports and physical Education

Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi

ABSTRACT

Adolescence is a time for trying new things. Experimentation with drugs during adolescence is very common. Teenagers often don’t see the like between their actions today and the consequences tomorrow.

Using alcohol and tobacco at a Young age increases the risk of using other drugs later. Teens use drugs for various reasons just for curiosity. It feels good. To reduce Stress. To feel grown up or just to fit in.

The role of psycho physiological peculiarities in adaptation of the sports department students

T. I. Kuch ko.

Kuzbass Teachers Training Academy U SS

ABSTRACT

The System dynamics research of psycho physiological functions of the sportsmen may lead to the working out of adapted methods in operation diagnostics of the functional of the condition of the nervous and their usage in the training process.

The main goal in studying of the functional states of the organism, its adaptive reserves lies in research of the heart vascular system as it is the indicator of adapted reaction in answer to different surroundings.

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Economic status and Sports Performance of Weightlifter• Ashwani Kumar

• Sanjav Mahkotia• Munish Rana

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study to investigate the relationship of social Economic status and sports performance of Himachal Pradesh weight litter. The sample of the study consists of 100 weight lifters who participated at Intercollegiate. Intervarsity and National level. A standardized questionnaire and socio -Economic status inventory were used to collect data. A simple X and bar graph were use to analyze the data. It was hypothesized that socioe-conomic status directly influences the weight lifters involvement and their performance in sports. Weight lifters from higher economic strata participate and excel in various weightlifting competitions.

• Lecturer in Physical Education, Govt. post graduate college. DHALIARA (Kangra) H P.

• Research scholar, Deptt. Of Physical Education HP University, Simla -5.

Development Of A Test To Check The Performance of Any Individual Or Team In Cricket Without The Use Of

Technology i.e. A Traditional ApproachRatnesh

ABSTRACT

About Cricket:

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on a field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch

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and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings.

In professional cricket the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days.

The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches and One Day Internationals.

A cricket match is divided into periods called innings. During an innings (innings ends with “s” in both singular and plural form), one team fields and the other bats. The two teams switch between fielding and batting after each innings. All eleven members of the fielding team take the field, but only two members of the batting team (two batsmen) are on the field at any given time.

The key action takes place in the pitch, a rectangular strip in the centre of the field. The two batsmen face each other at opposite ends of the pitch, each behind a line on the pitch known as a crease. The fielding team’s eleven members stand outside the pitch, spread out across the field.

Immediate Effect of Yogic Asanas on Heart Rate and Breathing Frequency

Diwaker, A.K.* & Kumar, Ajay.***Lecturer, R.A.H. Government Degree College, Bidhuna, Auraiya, U.P.

**Professor, Deptt. of Physical Education, DAVV, Indore, M.P.

ABSTRACT

The present study aim was to find out the immediate effect of yogic asana on heart rate (HR) and breathing frequency (BF). This study was limited to only 30 asanas i.e. Tadasana, Trikonasana, Vrikshasana, Utkatasana, Garudasana, Natarajasana, Uttanasana, Vakasana, Padmasana, Vajrasana, Suptha Vajrasana, Matsyasana, Tulasana, Parvatasana, Paschimothanasana, Ushtrasana, Naukasana, Vakrasana, Viparitha Karni, Sarvangasana, Halasana, Shirshasana, Setu Bandasana, Chakrasana, Bhujangasana, Shalabhasana, Makarasana, Dhanurasana, Pavanamukthasana and Shavasana. and untrained male of 3 different age groups named as GI – (20 years to

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30 years), GII – (30 years to 40 years) and GIII - (40 years and above). 37 subjects in each age group (total 111) were selected for the study from the different cities of UP state on the basis of availability. The selected subjects have knowledge of yogasanas. The pre data was taken in the supine position and post data of HR was measured in the final position of asana whereas post data of BF was taken after completing the asanas, when subject returns to its initial position. Two way ANOVA and t – test was used to analyze the data. The results of the study showed that there is significant difference in the pre data and post data of HR and BF. In the final position of all asanas except in Shavasana HR was increased. Vakasana shows maximum increase in HR and in Shavasana HR was lower than the normal. In shav asana and makarasana BF was lower than the normal whereas in other asanas BF was increased and maximum increased was noticed in Pavanamukthasana and Hal asana.

Nutrition   for   Health   and Development Meenaxi Tiwari*,Mamta kumari **

Deptt of Textile and Apparel designing*& Deptt.of Food and Nutrition**

College of Home science, MPUAT (Udaipur)[email protected]

ABSTRACT

“To live one must eat. But, we not only eat to live, what we eat also affects our ability to keep healthy, do work, to be happy and to live well. Knowledge of what to eat and in what quantities is a prerequisite to the healthy and happy life.’

The health of India's people has improved significantly since independence sixty years ago. But, a high proportion of the population continues to suffer and die from easily preventable diseases and childbirth-related complications. Nutrition is an input to and foundation for health and development. Better nutrition means stronger immune systems, less illness and better health. Good nutrition requires a satisfactory diet, which is capable of supporting the individual consuming it, in a state of good health by providing the desired nutrients in required amounts. It must provide the right amount of fuel to execute normal physical activity. If the total amount of nutrients provided in the diet is insufficient, a state of under nutrition will develop.

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Healthy children learn better. Healthy people are stronger, are more productive and more able to create opportunities to gradually break the cycles of both poverty and hunger in a sustainable way. Better nutrition is a prime entry point to ending poverty and a milestone to achieving better quality of life. Nutrition is one key to developing and maintaining a state of health that is optimal for you. In addition, a poor diet coupled with a sedentary lifestyle is known to be risk factors for life- threatening chronic diseases and death. Freedom from hunger and malnutrition is a basic human right and their alleviation is a fundamental prerequisite for human and national development.

Key words: Nutrition, Health, disease, Development

Role of Sports to Gender Equality and Women’s EmpowermentMeenaxi Tiwari (Research scholar)

Deptt.of Textile and Apparel DesigningCollege of Home science

M.P.U.A.T UDAIPUR (Raj.)[email protected]

ABSTRACT

Sport has been one of the most important socio-cultural learning experiences for boys and men for many years. The participation of girls and women in sport challenges gender stereotypes and discrimination, and can therefore be a vehicle to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. In particular, women in sport leadership can shape attitudes towards women’s capabilities as leaders and decision-makers, especially in traditional male domains. Women’s involvement in sport can make a significant contribution to public life and community development. The positive outcomes of sport for gender equality and women’s empowerment are constrained by gender based discrimination in all areas and at all levels of sport and physical activity, fuelled by continuing stereotypes of women’s physical abilities and social roles. Women are frequently segregated involuntarily into different types of sports, events and competitions specifically targeted to women. Women’s access to positions of leadership and decision-making is constrained from the local level to the international level. The value placed on women’s sport is often lower, resulting in

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inadequate resources and unequal wages and prizes. In the media, women’s sport is not only marginalized but also often presented in a different style that reflects and reinforces gender stereotypes. Violence against women, exploitation and harassment in sport are manifestations of the perceptions of men’s dominance, physical strength and power, which are traditionally portrayed in male sport. The role of men and boys in challenging and changing unequal power relations is critical. In recent years, a stronger focus has developed on the positive role men and boys can and do play in promoting women’s empowerment in many different areas, including in the home, the community and the labor market. The current dominance of men in the world of sport makes their involvement and contributions to achieving gender equality in this area critical.

Yoga–Need and Importance in Present Era* Dr. Sarvan Kumar Yadav

** Dr. Dinesh kumar yadav

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to prepare the people for a fruitful life and ever-lasting happiness. The path of yoga and helps us to overcome difficulties in life through self-confidence and self-determination. Yoga provides people perfect health. It builds a healthy, strong body and mind, ensures co-ordination of all parts of body, and builds up stamina and efficiency. Yoga develops marvelous strength in the body and one becomes more competent. It increases the balancing power of the body, elasticity of the body, regulates blood circulation, and strengthens heart, lungs and other delicate organs of the body.

Practice of yoga is an instrument for diseases to be treated. A good number of diseases may be cured with the help of few selected asanas performed regularly under the guidance of an expert of yoga. In the case of certain diseases such as disorder, asanas may have to be combined with pranayama for proper effects.

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Performance of selected Asanas and pranayama can help in diseases and bodily disorders normally Acidity. Allergy, Asthma, Blood Pressure (Low/high) Diabetes, Fatigue and nervousness etc.

*Assistant professor, Deptt. of Physical Education,

Savitri Bai Phuley Govt. P. G. college Chakiya, Chandauli.

** Asso professor , Deptt. of Physical Education , MMH degree collage Ghaziabad

Aerobics – “A New Mode of Fitness”Dr. Smriti Mishra

Asst. Prof. in Deptt of Physical EducationM.G.K.V.P VNS

ABSTRACT

My body strengthens by mind

Healthy mind lives in healthy body. It is not a luxury to feel this, but a necessity, the strength of your heart is decisive for your fitness. This will show you how you; an easily reach a level of better fitness and well-being with Aerobics and your personal coach.

WHAT IS AEROBICS?

Aerobics is a series of rhythmic, large muscle exercises conducted to music. This definition does not explain the fascination of this form of exercise, however because it is much more than that: it is music, movement, a philosophy, a lifestyle. On the one hand, it is the most modern form of total body training, and on the other it is a motivation form of exercise which is simply fun. Aerobics is cardiovascular form of training which in addition improves coordination, muscle strength and mobility. It improves a person's physiological or functional capacity and enables him or her to achieve an improved quality of life and total well-being

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AEROBICS AND AEROBICS ACTIVITIES

Exercise is not only a part of our leisure time but is also increasingly used for the prevention and curing of the diseases of the modern way of life. The increased level of technology and automation means that our industrial societies are characterized by a lack of physical activity. All "Aerobics" endurance sports are of particular importance for our health, since our natural consumption of calorie; through work and daily activities has considerably decreased. The focus in these health-oriented exercise programmes should be on the improvement of cardiac efficiency and muscle firmness. Training experience shows that most recreations exercisers do not know their bodies well enough to be able to exercise properly They usually train too hard or too casually. In order to judge the right intensity level on e has to know about the different energy systems.

With oxygen-Aerobics Without oxygen - an Anaerobic

The working ability of a muscle depends on a sufficient blood flow of oxygen and nutrition intake. The type of energy supply is essentially depended on the type of the muscle activity and the intensity of the exercise. The body uses two different systems of energy supply.

Aerobics system: carbohydrates and fat are used with oxygen and metabolized to carbon dioxide and water.

An Anaerobic system: glucose is used for energy production without oxygen and metabolized to lactic acid.

Most of or daily activities can be carried out at the Aerobics energy supply level. For example, while walking, washing the car or doing other chores, the oxygen consumption of our muscles matches our oxygen intake. This activity could be sustained for a long period. But if we run up the stairs fast, for example, our muscles begin to work an aerobically, because the supply of oxygen is no longer sufficient.

The waste product of the metabolism that takes place in an Aerobics activity is lactate, which blocks fat metabolism and forces the body to stop the activity. The metabolic turning-point of which the body changes from the Aerobics to the an Aerobics energy system is called the An Aerobics Threshold. Fat serve, as the main energy source for a long Aerobics endurance performance, while carbohydrates will supply the energy for a short burst of an Aerobics activity.

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The goal in an Aerobics class is to reach a "steady state" which means that your heart rate should stay at a constant level for as long as possible during the Aerobics phase.

In order to improve one's level of fitness both energy systems must be trained, but in Aerobics exercise as the name states, Aerobics training should be in the foreground. This implies that you should set your individual training goals and calculate your training heart rate before beginning and exercise programme. A heart rate monitor will help you to stay in the desired target zone. Jump to the beat, but in your own target heart rate zone.

Health Benefits of Aerobics Training Long-Term Physiological Effects:

Speeds up metabolism, which means more calories burned

Prevents cardiac diseases by lowering blood pressure and slowing down atherosclerotic processes

Improves the heart's ability to pump blood

Improves oxygen intake and Aerobics fitness

Improves muscular endurance

Improves flexibility and mobility

Improves muscular strength

Improves posture

Improves body performance in all age ranges and slows down the ageing process

Psychological Effects:

Reduces stress

Improves daily performance

Increase self-esteem though weight management

It is fun

Structure of an Aerobics Class: There are various kinds of Aerobics classes, but most of them have the same basic structure, which is described below:

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a) Warm-up-The warm-up should last five to ten minutes and its purpose is to prepare your body for the exercise stress. Your heart rate and body temperature will increase gradually, and this will lead to a higher metabolic rate. The accelerated metabolism will speed up the "nerve impulses and provided better co-ordination of movement. The main muscles which will be used later in the workout should be stretched. A warm-up will reduce the risk of injury by giving the muscles increased elasticity. And it will also improve heart function, as the heart muscle will receive a greater blood flow and oxygen supply.

b) The Aerobics or cardio phase- This phase lasts 20-60 minutes depending on the type of class, but it must last at least 30 minutes in order to accomplish any improvement in the cardiovascular systems and in body composition through (the stimulus from) the amount of calories burned. It is important to exercise within the set target rate zone during the whole Aerobics phase, and in order to accomplish this the large muscle groups, e.g. in the legs must be moving continuously. If the emphasis of the training is on body toning it is advisable to extend this phase up to 40 minutes.

c) Cooling off-Cooling off should take approximately five minutes. This phase is aimed at stabilizing the cardiovascular system after the intensive exercise. During active recovery the heart rate should decrease to the lower end of its target range.

d) Calisthenics / Floor work-The duration of this phase will depend on the target of the class. Its aim is to train muscular strength and endurance in order to support body posture. Minor posture weaknesses can be eliminated by targeted strengthening of certain muscles.

e) Stretching-Stretching exercises are a very important part of an Aerobics class since they reduce the risk of injury. The main targets are improved mobility and flexibility, and relaxation ads lowering of the heart rate to the starting level are also important.

SOME EXERCISES THAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED -Not all gymnastic exercises that are used in sports (well over 1,000 of them) have a beneficial effect for the average person, and some can even cause more harm than good when performed for a long period of time under unfavorable circumstances. The list of exercises that should not be included in a modern Aerobics programme includes: windmill, plough, flick-knife, bending forward from the hips with straight knees and without support, sit-ups with straight knees etc. You should also be careful to exert an equal level of stress on both legs; jumping more than 4 times on one foot or stepping with the same foot for

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more than 1 minute in step Aerobics is stressful for joints. Each time a foot jumps the pressure of the joint ligaments is approximately 3 times the total body weight.

Ethics of Dope Test in Sports- Issues and ConcernDr. S.C.ROY, Associate Professor (Law), Chanakya National Law University, Patna.

ABSTRACT

Games and sports are one of the parts of human recreation. Even the old man enjoys sports and feels energetic and many of their woes are vanished. But with the increase in sports events and its commercialization some cunning practices have entered into sports. Among another one is use of drugs for enhancing performance. Generally individual performer uses such drugs but it has entered into group sports also where all the individual performers contribute to the team. The organizations advocate such ban for clean sports .No one can oppose ethics and aesthetics in sports. As sports persons are the role model for the new entrants. It is presumed that the excellence in sports is the result of physical, mental and moral practices in the ground and off the ground. Drugs consumption for performance enhancement is a blow over the sports fan. Though many argue that it is little different from the use of new materials in the construction of suits and sporting equipments. But the side effect of drugs on health of sports person and morality in sports are public concern.

In this context, the paper seeks to study the ethics of DOP test to detect AAS.The motive behind this move is propelled by alleged health threat, equality of opportunity in sports and clean sports in the public. The historical development in the use of drugs and the reason for ban over it by various countries and organizations will be critically analysed.It will be the endeavor to find out any alternative to the banned drugs if any which may be natural and harmless.

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An Assessment and Comparison of Stress Vulnerability among Students of Different Professions

Mr. Manoj Kumar* *Research Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education,

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi U.P.

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess and compare stress vulnerability among students of different professions from Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Uttar Pradesh.

Methods: For the purpose of the study, 100 professional students from Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Uttar Pradesh (23 medical student, 27 yoga student, 28 engineering student & 22 physical education student) were selected purposively. The age level of the subjects ranged from 18 to 28 years. Keeping the feasibility criterion in mind, the Stress Vulnerability variable was selected for the present study. Stress Vulnerability was assessed with the help of Stress Vulnerability Scale developed by Lyle H. Miller and Alma Dell Smith. To assess and Compare the level of Stress Vulnerability among professional students from Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Uttar Pradesh, Descriptive Statistics i.e. (Mean, Standard Deviation) and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used. The level of significance was set at 0.05 level.

Conclusion: Insignificant difference was found among students of different professions from Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Uttar Pradesh in relation to Stress Vulnerability. Engineering students possessed greater/higher Stress Vulnerability in comparison to medical students, physical education students and yoga students. The observed sequence of Mean performance was found engineering students > medical students > physical education students > yoga students in relation to Stress Vulnerability.

Key words: Stress Vulnerability, professional students.

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Application of Sponsorship concept in Physical Education*Munmun Saha

State Institute of Physical Education for Women*Student, M.P.ED.-II

**Dr. Asish paul**Assistant professor,

Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.

ABSTRACT

Sponsorship is nothing but a situation in which a company agreed to pay a fees for the right to associate itself for its product with the specific events. The sponsors sponsor an event to build an image, to create a brand, to popularize a new product, to enter into the customer market, to win corporate prestige etc. In sports sector in our country already there exist a huge market and sports and entertainment sector has turned to a new Industry. General people enter in to the sports sector to see the athletic prowess, commonality, relative team quality and winning and against these they are willing to pay. Physical Education Programme generally organized in the school, Block, Sub-division, District, State, National, College, University and the participants are normally the students. The expenses are administrative, food, accommodation, rent, prize etc. The incomes are Fees, Sponsorship, Ticket, Donation, etc. The sponsors are looking for the no. of viewers with other marketing avenue. It required sponsorship proposal, title, presenting sponsor, logo, mascot, name, assistant, partner and other level. Marketing of the sponsors can be done through banner, hand-bill, festoon, bill boards, special seats, local cable, distributing cap, t-shirt etc. Sponsorship can be made through Money, Kinds or other facilities. After fulfilling the contract, Proper advertising and promotion can be done through Print media and Tele media. In all the process of staffing, event day management, post event party, post event reports, selling next year event etc. should be taken in to consideration.

Key- Words- Sponsorship, Corporate, Logo, Mascot, Promotion

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Development Through Sports And Child EducationNeetuDutta

Jagaddallalitadevibalikavidyalaya,Jagaddal

Dr.Asish PaulAsstt Professor,

S.I.P.E.W., Hastings House,Alipur, West Bengal

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Education, Economic growth, Health status, Communication, Level of Women, Nutrition, Childhood status, Standard of Product and Services etc. are the different dimensions of development. The four major accepted areas of developmental process are Economic development, Basic Physiological needs, daily well-being and Communication.

Discussion: To identify the proper developmental pattern Employment, Education, Health facilities, Food, Drinking Water, House, Road, and Public Vehicle etc. are should be taken into consideration. Although the fundamental input to the overall developmental process is nothing but the Economic Growth, the basic objective of development should target the expansion of individual capabilities in own social context. Development of Human Being as a whole should be judged by the development of the Human Resources through Social, Intellectual, Mental and Physical spectrum targeted to create the quality in the whole population. Play starting from the Childhood later may be considered as the movement activity in different intensity can be considered as one of the best practice to develop the Human Resources irrespective of age, sex, culture, fiscal condition, ethnicity or geographical location. Sports, the highest form play now transformed its original characteristics and converted into one of the mainstream sector of Business Industry which ultimately showered as the Business & Merchandising, Social well-being, Nation Pride & Glory and Intellectual development.

Conclusions: It is found from the above discussion that to be in the base of the developmental hierarchy pyramid child education and sports in the form of play and

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with different positive social continuum must be taken into consideration. The childhood education and sports can be delivered in homes from infancy and in School to University; in the work place; and in society also in later life.

__________________________________________________________

Key-Words: Development, Product, Service, Ethnicity, Merchandising

Effect of Training on Some Physiological Variables*Dr. GopaSaha Roy

ABSTRACT

Training in the sports field first affects the Physiological and Biochemical functioning of the body and brings the change in the synchronicity of the internal organic function which ultimately influences the performance through different aspects. The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of intensive interval training and extensive interval training on some Physiological variables. 22 college girls of age between 22-24 yrs. were divided in to two groups, keeping 11 in each group and gone under said two types of training through 6 weeks. The measured variables were Resting Heart Rate, Pre Bout Heart Rate, Peak Exercise Heart Rate,VO2 max, Explosive strength, running performance and Fasting Blood Glucose Level. The results revealed that through intensive training only the significant decrease of weight occurs. In both cases the resting heart rate significantly decreased but in case of pre bout heart rate there were no significant change. Considering peak heart rate, Vo2 max, explosive strength and running performance it has seen that all the variables changes significantly and positively. In case of fasting blood glucose level the intensive interval training only has the significant positive effect. It may be concluded form the result that the physiological functioning influenced a lot by the intensive and extensive type of interval training and imposed a positive effect on different organic system.

Key- Words: Training, Intensive, Extensive, Heart Rate, Blood Glucose

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*Assistant professor,

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State Institute of Physical Education for Women,Sumitra Kirtania* Dr. Asish Paul**

Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.Physical Growth status of girl children

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to determine the physical growth of girl children. 203 school going girl child in the age group of 10 to 13 years from West Bengal in the month of August, 2012 were considered as the subjects of the study. There were 41, 47, 61 and 54 girl students in the age group of 10+, 11+, 12+ and 13+

years respectively. The measures were Height, Weight and B.M.I. The results were compared with the standard result of NCHS, ICMR and ICAR. The result revealed that the mean height of the girls were significantly below than that of NCHS value in the age group of 12 and 13 years, ICMR value in 12 years only but significantly greater in comparison to the value of ICAR in all the four age groups. In case of the mean weight of the girls it was significantly greater than that of NCHS value in the age group of 10 years, ICMR value in 10 and 13 years only and ICAR value in all the four age groups. All the BMI value was in the normal range. The age and the other two measures weight and height correlated positively and significantly. From the results it may be concluded that the height and weight of the girl child in West Bengal in the middle adolescent’s period are maintained satisfactory standard in comparison to the different Indian standards.

Key Word: Growth, Height, Weight, Adolescents

*Asstt. Teacher, Belgharia Mahakali Girls High School

**Assistant professor,

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Anthropometry and Health Related Fitness Of

Active Older Men Aged 40 To 60 YearsPintu Sil

Assistant ProfessorGovt. College of Physical Education for Women

Dinhata, CoochBehar

ABSTRACT

Study was conducted to find the status of health and health related fitness of the men aged 40 to 60 years who were participating physical exercise regularly for more than one year. The exercise programme included mainly aerobic type exercises like walking and jogging followed by free hand exercises. Exercise was performed everyday for at least one hour duration at early morning. Thirty volunteers aged 40 to 65 years were agreed to participate in this project. Single group design was used for this study. Height, weight, waist and hip were measured as anthropometry by standard procedures and health related fitness was measured by standard tests. All the statistical procedures used to analyze the data were standard and 0 .05 level was considered as level of significance for this study. Results show that most of the active older men have normal BMI and WHR and significantly lowered %BF which indicated their good health status than the sedentary people. Health related fitness was also found considerably superior for this people than their sedentary counterpart. Higher VO2 max, flexibility, muscular strength, muscular endurance and Cardio Vascular Endurance (CVE) of these active older people indicated that regular aerobic type exercise is much more helpful for older people to maintain good health and minimize health risk. Findings also suggested that aerobic type exercise in older age is also useful to reduce effect of aging on motor fitness.

Key words: Anthropometry, Health status, Health Related Fitness, Older men, Exercise

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New Dimensions in Character Development through SportsMr. Shivakumar S

Department of Physical Education, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIA

Dr. S.M.PrakashDepartment of Physical Education,

Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka 577451INDIA

ABSTRACT

Competitive sports have a tremendous impact on our culture, influencing the values of millions of participants and spectators. In ancient societies, athletics and especially competitive contact games always have been rough, but aggression in the past was tempered by an insistence that playing hard, playing to win, did not countenance playing to cheat and to hurt. Questions about moral character have recently come to occupy a central place in philosophical discussion. Sport and physical activity are rapidly gaining recognition as simple, low-cost, and effective means of achieving development goals. It is popularly believed that participation in sport and physical activity not only leads to increased physical health, but can also play an important role in facilitating the learning of appropriate social behaviour, and it may positively impact children’s self-esteem.

Sportsmanship and the development of positive character have long been explicit goals of physical education and sport. A strong belief exists that sport programs have the power to promote the development of sportsmanship and moral character. In the hands of the right people with the right attitudes, sport can be a positive, character-building experience. It provides one of the best opportunities for children to come in contact with rules and social values. It defines the need to get along well with others and be accepted as part of a team.

Sports unify us as a nation, a community, a group. Sports teach you sportsman spirit, respect, equality, spirit of ethical competition. Sports, as a result, have an elevated position in our lives. Kids are taught sports in school, not with the aim of making them sportsmen later in their lives, but because it molds you as a person- it inculcates discipline, clarity of thought, teaches you the aspects of planning and preparation, and so many other positive aspects, in addition to the obvious benefit of keeping you fit

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and healthy. Swami Vivekananda’s famous quote that you can get nearer to heaven through football than through the study of the Bhagavad Gita goes to show how sports can make your mind sharp and receptive.

The notion that ‘sport builds character’ does not sit well with today’s critics of competitive sport. The external pressures of high profits and high salaries have often led to the corruption of these ideals. Instead of building character, competitive sport, which value winning above all else, challenges this notion. The more important winning becomes, the more the rewards for fair play and other values are likely to be diminished. Supporting this argument Heywood Hale Broun states ‘Sports do not build character, they reveal it’.

Comparative Study on Mental Health and Physical Fitness Among Tribal & Non-tribal Girls According to Their

Fitness LevelDr. Satinder Paul

*Assistant Professor, Akal College of Physical Education, Masutana sahib, Sangrur(Punjab)

Dr. Devraj Attri Professor, Akal College of Physical Education, Masutana sahib, Sangrur(Punjab)

Asshuman Singh***Assistant Professor , Govt. Degree College, Raniganj, Pratapgarh (UP)

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to compare mental health and physical fitness of tribal areas were selected from different schools from Nagpur District of Maharashtra State . All the samples selected on random basis. To measure mental health of selected subjects , mental health inventory prepared by Agashe and Helode (1996) was used. To determine physical fitness Cooper’s JCR test(1965) was adopted. This test consists of three items namely- vertical jump, chin-ups and shuttle run. On the basis of these three items all the samples divided into three categories i.e. low, average, and high fitness groups. Results indicate that non-tribal girls have shown better mental health as compared to tribal girls at .o5 level of significant and on the

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basis of fitness group; no significant difference has been found on mental health among high, average and low fitness groups.

A Comparative Study on Physique and Motor Fitness among Tribal & Non-Tribal Football Players

Satinder Paul* Anshuman Singh***Research Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education,

R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur (M.S.) **Assistant Professor, Govt. Degree College Raniganj Pratapgarh (U.P.)

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to compare physique and motor fitness among football players. The study was conducted on 50 male players in which 25 tribal and 25 non tribal football players of Himachal State. The age of player’s ranged from 18 to 23 years. All the samples were selected from random basis. To assess physique, Heath & Carter Method (1967) was used. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated by Siri Formulae (1962) and for Motor fitness ,JCR test prepared by Cooper (1963) was used. Result shows that tribal male football players having more arm strength as compared to non-tribal male football players & Non-tribal players having more explosive leg strength compared to tribal players and no significant difference has been found between tribal and non tribal male football players on body mass index.

Developing Physical Fitness Using Adapted Physical Activities among Children with Mild Intellectual

DisabilityNazli

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of adapted physical activities on physical fitness of children with mild intellectual disability. It was also intended to find out the significance of different games contributing to the effectiveness of the

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intervention on improving physical fitness of the selected samples. Single group, pre and post tests experimental method was used. The sample, consisting eight individuals with mild intellectual disability (i.e. IQ 50-70), was selected by using purposive sampling method. The intervention was planned for 5 Cultural Play with necessary modifications and adaptations. The intervention was implemented for duration of 2 months with a total of 35 sessions. Subjects were fully involved in the intervention directly by the researcher. Based on the results of the post test performance, the collected data was analyzed. In order to check the effect of adapted physical activities in the development of physical fitness, statistical analysis’t’ test was carried out. The findings revealed that there is a significant effect of adapted physical activities on physical fitness among children with mild intellectual disability. The significance of each game on physical fitness was analyzed separately through t-test. On the whole, the intervention was found to be effective in improving physical fitness of children with mild intellectual disability.

Key terms: Adapted Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Children with Intellectual Disability

Assistant Professor in Special Education (Intellectual Disability)

Regional Institute for the Mentally Handicapped

Asha Deep Building, Sector-31-C

Chandigarh-160047

Email: [email protected]

Involvement of Women in SportsRenu Gupta

Department of Education University of Jammu

Jammu.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present paper was to assess the involvement of women in sports. Women play vital role in the development of India. Hence they should get the

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representation in all the areas like education, employment and sports. But even after the 62 years of the independence, women are still deprived in this male dominant culture and her participation is very negligible in sports. Even considering the ratio of men and women at Olympic it is 58:42. Also the number of games which are dedicated to men is more than the games that have been played by women. Even at local level like school level or intercollegiate level, women's participation in sports is very less as compare to men. The reasons for this less participation could be less % of literacy, male dominant culture, family and social level abstraction, less availability of women coach, no independent games facilities for women, child marriage, low health conscience, more emphasis on study, cut through competition in education, more emphasis on tuition classes, less importance to sports at society level, lack of government plans for sports person and lack of incentive marks.

Woman participation in sports rose dramatically in the later half of the twentieth century, reflecting changes in modern societies. Although the level of participation and performance still varies greatly by country and by sport, women’s sports have broad acceptance throughout the world. In general, to workout is as essential to women’s health as it is to men’s. For many years, girls and women were disheartened from exercising. They were criticized by men who said that they would lose their femininity if they trained in certain sports. Through history, we can find many examples of how a man has relegated women in several sport disciplines. However, they have fought very much and persistently to obtain a place in these sports that were exclusive for men. Today, we can find women that play basketball, football, baseball, soccer, and many other sports that were prohibited or where they were discriminated. Luckily, this situation has finished and now women enjoy much more liberties in several areas. Regular exercise and sports bring many benefits that women should take advantage of them in order to live healthfully. In recent years, exercising has become very popular and important for women. Probably, if you go to the nearest gym, you will see on average more women than men. Several studies have demonstrated that women can prevent several common diseases such as breast cancer, osteoporosis, and others only if they work out an amount of hours per week. Therefore, if you want to recognize those women that fought for your rights, it is a great idea to practice any sport. As women engage more actively in sports, they develop skills necessary for successful achievements in other areas of life. Sports inculcate self-confidence in a woman. When a woman excels in a particular sports,

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she becomes very self confident. Sports also inculcate discipline, dedication and responsibility in a woman, which she is able to apply in other areas of life as well. The present paper emphasizes that women who play sports have a more positive body image and experience higher states of psychological well-being than women who do not play sports.

The present paper reveals that in addition to physical benefits sport has many effective psychological benefits, the most prominent of which is that it protects the individual from psychological crisis resulting from tensions, it can make the person feel psychologically relaxed. It also increases and builds self-esteem and confidence, especially if he or she suffers from lack of confidence, or competences. It cools down those who are nervous and reduces depression and frustration. Therefore, most athletes, sportsmen/women may tend to be less stressed than others by feeling more positive, happy, and energetic, also we should not ignore that sports brings about positive psychological qualities and attributes such as responsibility, determination, discipline and courage.

A Comparative Study on Physical Anthropometric and Psychological Profile of Foot Ball and Cricket Players

Dr. Sandip Sankar Ghosh

Assistant Professor, State Institute of Physical Education for women, Hastings House, Alipore, Kolkata-700027, West Bengal, India, Cell phone: +919432486653 Email. - [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare selected physical, anthropometric and psychological variables of state level men Football and Cricket players of West Bengal. Sixteen Football and sixteen Cricket players of total thirty two players (N=32) were selected as subject. All the subjects were represented state championship as a member of North 24 Parganas district team. The age group of the subjects were ranged from (10 – 14) years. In the present study three types of variables were selected viz. i) anthropometric variables - Height, Weight, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Percent Body Fat ii) Physical fitness variables - Speed, Explosive Leg Strength,

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Cardio-respiratory Endurance, Agility and Flexibility iii) Psychological variables - Self confidence, Dominance, Introversion, Neuroticism and Sociability.

In the present study height and weight were measured by anthropometric rod and digital weighing machine respectively. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated as a person’s Body Mass in kilograms divided by the squared Height in meters i.e. in kg/m2. Percentage of body fat was calculated through Bio-Impedance-Analyzer (BIA) machine (TanitaTM, Model: BC-554). Physical fitness variables i.e. Speed, Explosive Leg Strength, Cardio-respiratory Endurance, Agility and Flexibility were measured respectively by 30m sprint, Sergeant vertical Jump, Harvard Step Test, 4 X 10m. Shuttle Run test and Sit and Reach Test. Psychological variables - Self confidence, Dominance, Introversion, Neuroticism and Sociability were measured by Burn-Reuter personality inventory questionnaire.

Mean and standard deviation were the descriptive statistics and t-test was used as comparative statistics in the present study. The level of significant difference was set at p<0.05 level of confidence. For statistical calculations Excel Spread Sheet of windows version 7 was used.

The results of the study showed that I) Height, Weight, BMI and % body fat of the Cricket players were significantly higher than the Football players. II) Speed, Explosive Leg Strength and Cardio respiratory Endurance of the Football players were significantly higher than the Cricket players. III) There was no significant difference in Flexibility and Agility between the Cricket and Football players. IV) In Self Confidence and Dominance Football players had significantly higher value were seen than the Cricket players. V) But no significant differences were found in Introversion, Neuroticism and Sociability between the Football and Cricket players.

Key words: BMI, % Body Fat, Speed, Explosive Leg Strength, Cardiorespiratory Endurance, Agility, Self-Confidence, Dominance, Introversion, Neuroticism, Sociability

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A Relationship Between Sports Achievement Motivation And Sports Competition Anxiety Of State Level Gymnasts

Swarup BiswasResearch Scholar,

West Bengal State University,Barasat, West Bengal

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Achievement Motivation and Competition Anxiety are two most important psychological factors which influences the sports performance. Keeping in view this concept this study was framed to establish the relationship between Competition Anxiety and Achievement Motivation of Gymnasts in a competitive situation.

Methods: Fifty State Level Gymnasts of West Bengal were randomly selected from the West Bengal State Gymnastic Championship. The measured variables were Sports Achievement Motivation and the Sports Competition Anxiety. Sports Achievement Motivation Test developed by Kamlesh (1990) was administered to measure the achievement motivation of the players. Sports Competition Anxiety test developed by Martens (1977) was administered to gauge the sport competition anxiety level.

Results and Discussion: The result revealed the significant negative relationship between achievement motivation and sports competition anxiety.

Conclusion: From the results of this study it was concluded that the Gymnasts who have high level of Achievement Motivation having low levels of Sports Competition Anxiety and the Gymnasts having low levels of Achievement Motivation suffers from high Competition Anxiety.

Keywords: Competition, Anxiety, Achievement, Motivation, Performance

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Pranayama And Breathing Techniques In Yoga TraditionDr. N. B. Shukla

Tushar Dhar ShuklaAnita Kolhe

Kanta Deb &Savita

ABSTRACT

Breathing is life. It is one of our most vital functions. One of the five principles of yoga is Pranayama or Breathing Exercise which promotes proper breathing.

In a yogic point of view, proper breathing is to bring more Oxygen to the blood and to the brain, and to control Pran or the vital life energy. Pranayama yoga also goes hand in hand with the purification and self-discipline, covering both mind and body.

Pranayama is the Science of breathe control. It is consist of series of exercises especially intended to meet the body’s needs and keep it in vibrant health.

Pranayama comes from the following words.

• Prana — “Life force” or “Life energy”

• Yama -“Discipline” or “Control”

Or we can say that Prana Ka Ana Jana, or Control on breathing techniques or control on exhale and inhale breathing.

All human beings are able to survive through their breathing system. Normally, they are busy with inhaling and exhaling in their day to life hut sometimes there are some disturbances also comes in the breathing system and man become sick. The main reason of this breathing problem that disturbance comes recently in inhaling and exhaling. So Yoga is an important solution for a disease free breathing system, who suggest useful techniques through “Pranayama”

In Pranayama three kinds are discussed as Rachaka, Kimbhaka and Puraka. Regular practice of Pranayamas can make a man healthier and free from breathing

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problems. So the main motto of this paper is breathing techniques based on Pranayama.

Malviyaji’s Concern for Education System and SportsDr. Balroop Yadav

Dept. of Physical EducationMahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth

Varanasi

ABSTRACT

Malviyaji is a matchless personage in the annals of modern India, one of the greatest educationists, eminent as an architect of the first national educational policy, the founder and the idea Vice – Chancellor of Asia’s largest centre of learning the Banaras Hindu University, the era’s greatest educationist to initiate agricultural, Scientific and industrial revolution through education.

His concept of education

According to Malviyaji education is the ultimate means of the overall development of mankind. It is such a holy mantra which brings educational and social reforms and revives the Hindu way of life and the Muslims. So his concept of education is very comprehensive which includes all round development of human beings such as physical, mental, emotional and teaches them to follow the path of honesty throughout their livelihood. Malviyaji was the stanch follower such education system which provided adequate scope for the overall development of personality through the spirit of physical education and sports. He advocated developing “self dependency” among students which was also based on ancient Varna Ashram system of education. He redefined the concept of education and mould education. He emphasized that “the development of country on the physical ability and strength of its people”. That is why he wanted to see healthy body and mind among all the people of India. He motivated students for to develop different skills of games and sports through regular exercise and maintained their physical and mental fitness which would certainly help people to achieve their idealistic aim of life. In today’s scenario, no one can think about such an idealistic society over in dream impossible.

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Sound Body in a Sound Mind: A Gift of MeditationDr. Kuntal Thakur

(Asst. Teacher, Bgca Vidyamandir, Howrah, WB)&

Arijit Kumar(Asst.Teacher, M.C.Kejriwal Vidyapeeth,Howrah,WB)

&Dr. Lakshmi Narayan Kaibarta

(Asst. Professor, P.G.G.I.P.E., Banipur, WB)

ABSTRACT

Only a healthy bud can blossom and in the same way, only a healthy being can succeed. Man is a union of body and mind. They are an integral unity and inseparable. One cannot function without other and one affects efficiency without other. In modern life style has high exposure to anger, hate, fear and other negative emotion. Meditation helps an individual overcome these emotions to facilitate a calm peaceful mind and healthy and stress free body. Meditation is any form of a family of practices in which practitioners train their mind or self-induce a mode of consciousness to realize some benefit. The earlier clear references to the meditation in Hindu literatures are in the middle Upanishads and the Mahabharata, which includes the Bhagavat Gita. According to Gavin Flood, refers to meditation when it states that “having becoming calm and concentrated, one perceives self (atman) to oneself”. Meditation is to make our mind calm and peaceful. If our mind peaceful, we will be free from stress, worries and mental discomfort and as well as our body will be healthy. Purpose: The purpose of the present literature is to find out through meditation is to make our mind calm and peaceful.

Conclusion: The researchers concluded that the practice of meditation brings coolness to the brain; it’s like servicing the whole body and mind complex. Meditation develops happiness, contentment and calmness. It reduces anger, irritation, hate, anxiety, tension and fear. Meditation maintains lower blood pressure, lower the levels the blood lactate, improves immune system, increases body vitality, controls insomnia and increases overall health of the body.

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Promotional concept in Physical EducationDolon Sahoo

Ex. Student, M.P.Ed.,State Institute of Physical Education for Women,

Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.E-mail: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Sponsorship is nothing but a situation in which a company agreed to pay a fees for the right to associate itself for its product with the specific events. It is an investment in cash or kind, in an activity, in return for access to the exploitable commercial potential associated with the activity. The providing organization can then use this direct association to achieve either their corporate marketing or media objectives. It is utilized as a marketing tool or more specifically as a commercial instrument. It can be used as a tool to get competitive advantage through promotional benefits in the cluttered marketplace. It is undertaken by firms to extract commercial benefits. Sponsorship has thus graduated to being a core promotion or even a core marketing tool. Sponsorship is the fastest growing market communication tool. The sponsors sponsor an event to build an image, to create a brand, to popularize a new product, to enter into the customer market, to win corporate prestige etc.

There are different sponsorship objectives, such as Increasing brand awareness, Building brand preference and loyalty, Increasing sales and market share, Brand Fit, Increase Awareness, Improve Corporate image among stakeholders, Improve brand image, Get Competitive Advantage, Sales promotion opportunities, Direct marketing opportunities, Selling opportunities, Hospitality Opportunities, Improve relations with distributors and retailers.

The additional effort, largely promotional which must be invested by the sponsor in order to properly exploit the opportunity provided as a result of securing particular sponsorship (T.Meenaghan 1991). A sponsorship needs to be used effectively, various schemes around a sponsorship say a sales promotion or product display could increase sponsorship effectiveness. Sponsorship needs to be exploited by Advertising, Direct Mail, Web based communication, Other marketing communication.

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In sports sector in our country already there exist a huge market and sports and entertainment sector has turned to a new Industry. Sponsors sponsor the athlete, team, event, tour, organization etc. It required specific sponsorship proposal. Sponsorship is a business proposal not charity. The Ingredients of a good proposal are analyzing own assets, understand the sponsors needs, concept about modern trends, demonstrate an understanding of their business, innovation, the best use of assets, companies to target, the link of the brand and the event/game, the target audience, the demographic profile, the specific database, concise and well presentation, photographs, information about previous events. After the completion of the program there must be feedback to the sponsors with Photographs, Video and other evidence (Website hits count) to the sponsor. This helps the sponsor defend the sponsorship decision, keep in regular touch with the sponsor providing details about the sport and news about your organization

General people enter in to the sports sector to see the athletic prowess, commonality, relative team quality and winning and against these they are willing to pay. Sahara sponsors the Indian Cricket team and the Indian hockey Team, Sun feast (ITC) Sponsors the WTA Open each year in Kolkata, JKsponsors Go Karting and Motor Racing in India, ONGC Sponsors the National Football League, The UB group sponsors East Bengal&Mohan Bagan, Hutch Sponsors Indian rugby. Many companies sponsor Golf in India including Hero Honda, ABN Ambro. A marathon called Mumbai marathon sponsored by Standard Chartered Bank. With different many other examples considering the Indian context we can see that there is the absence of a sports culture, a diverse culture, lack of professionalism in the sports sector, other forms of leisure, a skewed games popularity profile, absence of standard league etc. Hence no such business still occurred considering sports as one of its main ingredients. But still there is a future about sport business due to higher support from private organizations, sports has grown in huge proportions in the last decade, a liberalized economy and sport emerging as a global entity provides a vision to generate employment in the sport industry, in a globalized environment sport provides an opportunity for corporate to spread their message across countries under a unified theme.

Physical Education Programme generally organized in school in the panchayat, block, sub-division, district, state and national level. Besides these there are Colleges, Universities participants normally the students and sectors are mainly the sports and games. Physical Education programme including different sport

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programme occurs in the school spectrum at different level under the direct control of the district, state and national level school sports association. In the higher hierarchy the organizers are the college, university authority and somewhere specially in West Bengal the Department of Higher education also.

To create an event we have to decide that who will take part, is it having a local, regional, national or international impact, is this even recognized by a registered or government body or others etc.? After deciding it we have to design the procedure such as planning for the whole programme, budget allocation as expenses-Food and Accommodation, field rent, Prize etc. and Income/Revenues- such as the Sponsors, Ticket, Donation, grants Local Cable etc. Draw a Cash flow chart in different month/week. Then decide the site of event, the market, and Perfect site of Parking, transportation, event, seating arrangement and other facilities. Marketing of the sponsors can be done through banner, hand-bill, festoon, bill boards, special seats, local cable, distributing cap, t-shirt etc. After confirming all the said factors then finding the sponsor with a sponsorship proposal with its different level such as Title sponsors, Associate sponsors, Assistant sponsors, Presenting Sponsors (Logo, Mascot, Name), partner and other level. With different types of advertisement in the play arena the sponsors may attracted. The sponsors may get mileage through festoon, bill boards, special seats etc. All the different kinds of stakeholder should get some facilities like pricing of tickets, special seats, tiffin packet, cap, T-shirts, souvenir etc.

Dealing with the participants is very important in case of any Physical Education and Sports programme. They should get proper weight age in respect to their accommodation, refreshment, prize, travelling allowances etc. Prior dealing with the participants and the sponsors they must be confirmed with some definite agreement. Media mileage through Print media such as Newspaper and Electronic media such as local cable, regional channels etc. should get due weight age. Sponsorship can be made through Money, Kinds or other facilities. After fulfilling the contract, proper advertising and promotion can be done through Print media and Tele media. In all the process of staffing, event day management, post event party, post event reports, selling next year event etc. should be taken in to consideration.

Attract the sponsors is nothing but an art with some innovative ideas. It is simply a continuous process. 1st year it may be the target to get 10% only of the full income. 2nd, 3rdand next year it gradually be increased. Always try to involve the local

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market such as in the rural area the fertilizer company, agriculture seed company, tractor company, the cell phone company who tries to expand their market and want to accept sports as their main marketing tool. It is a never ending process and willingness is the key factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

From the said discussions it may be concluded that,

1. the sponsoring procedure has already taken a clear shape and the sports market is bathing with it.

2. Physical education, a part and parcel of the total education has immense potentiality to organize different types of sport competition in different intensity.

3. Play day, exhibition, demonstration, bharatiyam etc. has also such potentiality.

4. Considering that latent potentiality the field of Physical Education can employ the scope of sponsorship which in turn can be able to develop the profession of Physical Education.

5. Education, teaching and research are three fulcrum of Physical Education should have to accept these opportunity to swim in the streamline flow of Education and Sports business.

REFERENCES:

1. Howard, D.R., & Crompton, J.L.(1995). Financing Sport. Morgantown, WV: Fitness information Technology.

2. IEG. (2002). 2003 spending to rise as sponsors ask for, receive more for their money. Sponsorship report, 21(24), 1, 4-5.

3. Meek, A. (1997). An estimate of the size and supported economic activity of the sports industry in the united states. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 6, 15-21.

4. Mock, E.J., Schultz, R.E., Shultz, R.G., &Shuckett, D.H.(1968). Basic financial management: Text, problems, and cases. Scranton, PA: International Text.

5. Taylor, J.B. (2001). Economics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

6. US Census Bureau.(2005). Statistical abstract of the United States: 2004-2005

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Role of Ayurvedic Bhasma as Ethno-nano medicineDr. Abhishek Kumar Chaturvedi,

MD(Ay.) 1 year , Dept. Of Kaumarbhritya/BaI Roga, Faculty of Ayurveda , IMS , BILU

ABSTRACT

A variety of Bhasma (metal-based formulations) have been used in Ayurvedic system of Indian medicine since Vedic period. It mentions the use of Gold, Silver, Copper, Mercury and Bronze in the treatment of diseases. In Ayurveda. nanoparticles from different sources such as plants. Animals, mines-and metals ar isd, topinajje therapeutic formulations. While the process of preparing metal-based Ayurvedic formulations are well specified, little is known about the form in which metal exists in the final products or its mechanism of action. Such knowledge is needed not only for the advancement of drug research but also for en-hancing the effectiveness of Bhasma and for improving their preparation. Modem nanotechnology is seeking to uncover the principles and uses of nanoparticles in all the fields of material and life sciences including Biology and Medicine. In the present context with the use of nanotechnology, desired finished product and the ideal particle size could be identified.

A Comparative study of sports achievement motivation

Between Qualifying and Non Qualifying Teams of East Zone

Inter-University Kho-Kho TournamentDr. Anand Prakash

Asst. ProfessorS.B.P.G. College

Baragaon, Varanasi.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the level of sports achievement motivation between qualifying and non-qualifying teams of East zone inter- university Kho-Kho tournament which is held at Deen Dayal Upadhay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh for the purpose of this investigation 40 male players (Twenty qualifying

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and Twenty nonqua1ifving Kho-Kho players) were selected as subjects of the study. Their age from 17 to 25 years. The sports achievement motivation test developed by Dr. M.L. Kamlesh (1990) was used. The test is a self evaluation questioner of twenty statements. The response value of this test extended from 0 to 40 in total. Each statement carries a maximum score of two and minimum, score of zero. ‘t’ test was employed to analyze the data. Results have revealed that there was no significance difference found between qualifying and non-qualifying teams, of East Zone inter-university Kho-Kho tournament in regard to sports achievement motivation at 0.05 level of confidence.

Ways Yoga Can Promote Weight LossDr. N. B. Shukla

S.Vijaysshekhar andKumari Meena Singh

ABSTRACT

Yoga as an ancient science has always been about the benefit that it brings to the practitioner. It would only be a dogmatic position that states it is only for spiritual elevation and nothing more. Is a tool that helps the body, mind and spirit? It can base as needed according to each individual’s requirements. In today’s day and age western society is suffering from an epidemic of obesity. It needs as many healthy long-term approaches to weight loss as possible. The first and most obvious approach that addresses underlying causes is to eat healthy nutrient dense organic foods. Another way is to use the ancient science of yoga. I have seen through my work as a yoga teacher that the two combined will certainly yield amazing results! Most weight gain is not simply a matter of too many calories taken in for the calories spent Most weight gain is just symptomatic of serious underlying causes When each of me eight area of health listed in this article become out of balance, then these tend to be the major causes weight gain If the corresponding yow’ o. ‘ are practiced under the guidance of a good teacher then very quickly the causes can be addressed and the benefits will show Not only will the excess weight be quickly shed, but health will also be restored.

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Relationship of Physical Fitness and Skill Performance of Volleyball PlayersDr. G. KUMARAN and Mr. M. MUTHURAJ,

Assistant Professors, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Annamalai University, TN, India.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to analysis the relationship of motor fitness components on skill performance of men volleyball players. To achieve the purpose of the study, forty men volleyball players from Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India. The age, height and weight of the subjects ranged from 18 to 22 years, 162 to 173 centimeters and 56 to 67 kilograms respectively. The collected data analyzed by descriptive statistics and co-efficient of correlation were applied to find out the significant relationship among the men volley ball players.

Key words: Physical Fitness, Skill Performance and Volleyball Players.

Technology! Simple Way of ConceptSunil Kumar Vishwakarma

LecturerDepartment of Physical Education

Dr. Ram Manor Lohia P.G. College Jhottari Ghazipur (U.P.)

ABSTRACT

The rapid development of technology over the past two decades has provided many new and creative ways for educators to present instructional materials effectively. Until recently those advancements have focused on desktop technology, which limited their use in physical education. But wireless technology, computer protection system and physical activity monitoring devices are moving technology

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into school gymnasiums. The national association for sport and physical education believes that technology can be an effective tool for supplementing instruction when used appropriately. The 2006 national school health policies and programmes study indicates that 42% of physical education teachers receives staff-development training on using physical activity monitoring devices; 37% on using technology overall. Also between 17% and 49% of the feathers studied received additional training for administering fitness tests, assessing student performance and individual physical activity plans.

“Martial Art Shotokan Karate Develop Mental Health”Miss Savita

Deptt :phy Edu& Sports, Kr.R.C.M.PG.College,

Mainpuri(U.P)

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this presentation to see martial art karate practices for improving mental health. In martial art the deep part of teaching to improve self awareness and awareness related to nature and other person. Martial art karate has strong spiritual back ground which is original nature of martial arts to protect self and not harm to others. Martial Arts Masters have transmitted from generation to generation, these are teachings. Martial Artists are for the most part concerned with becoming better people and reducing violence in them in society.

In traditional Karate do, we always keep in mind that the true opponent is oneself and the ultimate goals are to seek perfection of one’s character and to touch the lives of others in a positive way.

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Physical Growth Status of Girl ChildrenSumitraKirtania*Dr. Asish Paul**

*Asstt. Teacher, Belghariamahakali Girls High School **Assistant professor,

State Institute of Physical Education for Women,Hastings House, Alipur,Kolkata-27, W.B.

E-mail: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to determine the physical growth of girl children. 203 school going girl child in the age group of 10 to 13 years from West Bengal in the month of August, 2012 were considered as the subjects of the study. There were 41, 47, 61 and 54 girl students in the age group of 10+, 11+ , 12+ and 13+

years respectively. The measures were Height, Weight and B.M.I. The results were compared with the standard result of NCHS, ICMR and ICAR. The result revealed that the mean height of the girls were significantly below than that of NCHS value in the age group of 12 and 13 years, ICMR value in 12 years only but significantly greater in comparison to the value of ICAR in all the four age groups. In case of the mean weight of the girls it was significantly greater than that of NCHS value in the age group of 10 years, ICMR value in 10 and 13 years only and ICAR value in all the four age groups. All the BMI value was in the normal range. The age and the other two measures weight and height correlated positively and significantly. From the results it may be concluded that the height and weight of the girl child in West Bengal in the middle adolescent’s period are maintained satisfactory standard in comparison to the different Indian standards.

Key Word: Growth, Height, Weight, Adolescents

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Effects of Yogasanas on Selected Psychological Parameters of School Girls

DR. KUNTAL THAKUR

(Asst. Teacher, BGCA vidyamandir, Howrah, WB.)

ABSTRACT

The word ‘yoga’ derives from the Sanskrit language ‘yoke’ that means ‘union between body and mind’. The students achieve mental, emotional and physical balance through yogic practice. Yogasanas improve fitness, promotes relaxation, develops self-concept, self-confidence, and attitude and reduces stress as well as anxiety. Self-concept and attitude are complex component of behavior. Both are improve by yogasanas. The purpose of the present study is to find out the effects of yogasanas on self-concept and attitude of school girls. Methodology: Hundred (100) school girls of District Howrah, West Bengal State were selected at randomly as subjects for the present study. The age limit of the subjects was 10-12 years. All the subjects were divided into two equal groups such as Gr. Y and Gr. C. Gr. Y was experimental group and Gr. C served as control group. Initially Self-concept Inventory scale and school attitude inventory scale were employed to all the subjects of Gr. Y and thereafter specific yogic treatment were given to Gr. Y for four day in a week and continued one year and finally the subjects were retested on criterion measures. The data were analyzed by t–ratio to find out the effects of the treatment. Results: The result of the present study showed that self-concept and attitude were improved significantly among yogasanas group after one year yogic treatment.

Keyward: Yogasanas, Attitude, Self-concept.

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The Exercise Effect on Insomnia A Psycho-physiological Review Study and Meta-analysis

Prasanta Kumar Bhunia, Research Scholar,Department of Physical Education,

Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, Birbhum,West Bengal, India

ABSTRACT:

Background of the study: Now a days ‘insomnia’ has become a burning issue behind the impairments of everyday normal life of the people. It is rather a psycho-physiological symptom than a disease, characterized with inadequate quantity or quality of sleep. Recent statistics (from Warwick Medical School Researchers) reveals that one of each twenty people in India suffers from insomnia. Aim of the study: The said study through the review of concerned literature aims at defining the exercise effects on insomnia as well as focusing the stretch of exercise benefits to the psycho-physiological wellness of ethnic civilization. Method: The meta-analysis as a method of summarization of research findings issued from related literature and as a pathway of discussion has been taken up. Result: 18 corroborating studies have been gone through resulting in 98 issues of insomnia and its management to be meta-analyzed. Discussion: Out of 98 research findings meta-analyzed 65 ones have been observed minutely, of which 18 ones are of accentuation. Conclusion: In going to mate-analyze it has become obvious that regular physical exercise, physical and social activities along with regular psychological counseling are one of the best non-pharmacological treatments of insomnia because of their less side effects than medication.

Key-words: Insomnia management, psycho-physiological symptom, exercise, non-pharmacological treatment, psycho-physiological wellness, meta-analysis.

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Comparative Assessment of Coordinative Abilities Between General And Physical Education Students

**Dr. Gopal Chandra Saha (corresponding Author)

Assistant Professor and AFC ‘C’ license Coach, Post graduate govt. Institute for Physical Education,

Banipur, West Bengal, India e-mail: [email protected]

*Tarun Chakrabortty, Director of Physical Education,

Dishari College of Education, Burdwan, West Bengal.

e-mail: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Coordinative abilities are primarily dependent on the motor control and regulation process of the central nervous system. For each Coordinative ability the motor control and regulation process function in a definite pattern; when a particular aspect of these functions is improved then the sportsman is in a better position to carry out a certain group of movements which for their execution depends on the central nervous system functioning pattern. It is evident in various studies that to enhance the performance capabilities in any field of one’s interest, coordinative abilities are essential to be developed from his childhood days. So the researcher was interested to find out if there were any significant differences between the General Education and Physical Education students in respect of coordinative abilities. For the purpose of the study forty students (20 male and 20 female) age ranging from 23-28 years were selected randomly from each colleges, namely Dishari College of Education and Post Graduate Govt. Institute for Physical Education. The Variables selected under Coordinative abilities are Orientation Ability measured by Numbered Medicine Ball Run test, Differentiation Ability measured by Backward Medicine Ball Throw Test, Reaction Ability measured by Nelson Hand Reaction Test, Balance Ability measured by stock Stand Test and Rhythmic Ability were measured by Sprint of Given Rhythm Test. In order to find out the existence of significant differences between the students of the two different stream of students on Coordinative abilities,

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Independent sample‘t’ test statistical procedure was applied for calculation of the data. The level of significant was set at 0.05 level. The result showed significant difference in the selected coordinative abilities and physical education students was found better in comparison to general education students.

Key words: Coordinative Abilities, General students, physical education students

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