2. Singapore receives on average 2282 mm (89.8 in) of precipitation annually or 190 mm (7.5 in) each month. On balance there are 179 days annually on which greater than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of precipitation (rain, sleet, snow or hail) occurs or 15 days on an average month. 3. Ecological Diversity. Singapore has two forest in whole country. It is Rain forest. Some animals form a habitat for other animals. Many different animals may be found under a rock. More than 300 species of plants at rain forest and more than 199 species in tropical forest. 4. Biological diversity (Richness/eveness) High richness and low eveness 5. How does the diversity support the country (economics functional diversity) By creating a new source of income harvesting the medicinal plants, fruits nuts, oil and other sustainable resources, the rainforests is be more valuable alive than cut and burned. Sufficient demand of sustainable and ecologically harvested rainforest products is necessary for preservation efforts to succeed. Purchasing sustainable rainforest products can effect positive change by creating a market for these products while supporting the country economy and provides the economic solution and alternative to cutting the forest just for the value of its timber. 6. Which earths processes affect diversity? Population: Growth of the human population is a major factor affecting the environment. Pollution: 1. water 2. Air: Acid precipitation is the air pollutant that has the most significant impact on biodiversity in Singapore. Urbanization, forestry, agriculture all affects earths diversity. There it is a most earth processes affect, they are : Volcanoes, geysers, earthquakes, the rock cycle, and weathering and erosion. 7. Keystone species. Fig trees are considered as a keystone species in Singapore rainforest. This is because they flower and fruit frequently, offering frugivorous animals a yearround supply of food. The figs are actually an enclosed inflorescence known as syconium, within which a unique mutualistic relationship between the plants and fig wasps take place. Fig wasp is a tiny insect from the Agaonidae family which lays its eggs in the syconium. Upon hatching, the larvae will grow and develop inside the syconium with protection and immediate food provided by the fig. It is also within this small syconium, the grown up wasps mate. The female wasps carrying fertilized eggs will then leave the syconium with the assistance of the wingless male wasps which chew a hole through the syconium wall and subsequently die without leaving the syconium. http://blog.nus.edu.sg/lsm2251student/2010/04/16/fig-tree-and-fig-waspbabysitter-and-matchmaker/#comments 8. Indicator species. An indicator species is a species or group of species chosen as an indicator of, or proxy for, the state of an ecosystem or of a certain process within that ecosystem. Examples include crayfish as indicators of freshwater quality; corals as indicators of marine processes such as siltation, seawater rise and sea temperature fluctuation; peregrine falcons as an indicator of pesticide loads; or native plants as indicators for the presence and impact of alien species. 9. Local Extinction. Rhinoceros. Giant squirrel Musk deer. Snow leopard Older eagle. 10. Faults for tectonic plates in Singapore. 11. 2 big geologic disaster in the last 200 years? 12. ANY VOLCANOES? IS IT ACTIVE?NO, Singapore doesn't have any volcanoes, earthquakes, typhoons, hurricanes etc.