Abdomen Latin for “belly”. Abdomen Anatomy Injuries Evaluation.
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Latin for “belly”
Abdomen Anatomy Injuries Evaluation
Anatomy of the abdomen Muscles Internal organs
Muscles of the abdomen Rectus abdominus-attaches the hip to the ribs
and sternum. Obliques-attaches the hip to the lateral aspect
of the ribs.
Quadrants of the abdomen Upper right and left Lower right and left Directions are in relation
to the victim.
Upper right Kidney Liver Gallbladder
Upper left Stomach Kidney Pancreas Spleen
Lower right Appendix
Lower left Large intestine Small intestine
Ailments to the abdomen Appendicitis Hernia Spleen Kidney Strains
Appendicitis The appendix is located at the end of the large
intestine, and has no real known function. The inflammation of the appendix occurs
from either an infection or a blockage. Pain tends to be located in the right lower quadrant, and localizes directly above the position of the appendix at a point called "McBurney's point."
Appendicitis Signs and symptoms Pain Nauseau Vomitting Constipation
Hernia Occurs when an abdominal organ or fatty
tissue protrudes through a weakened area of the abdominal wall which results in a protrusion.
Signs and Symptoms: Pain with movement Protrusion through abdominal wall
Spleen The spleen is located just below the ribs on
the left hand side. The spleen filters out infection and other unwanted particles from the blood.
Spleen What are the symptoms
of spleen injuries? pain in the left side of the
abdomen pain in left shoulder
Kehr’s sign lightheaded feeling paleness weak pulse
KidneysPart of the urinary system,
the kidneys filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine.
Kidneys Injuries to kidneys will usually result from a
direct blow. Signs and symptoms: Pain in the back and sides Hematuria: blood in the urine
Strains Result from sharp twisting and turning, or
History Time of onset (48 hrs) Location of pain
Observation Asymmetry Distension Scars Deformity
Palpation Tenderness Rigidity Deformity