6A)-REL670 Testing Considerations.ppt

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9/26-27/2007 2007 PTUG Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, USA 1 Testing Considerations for the Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal Fahrudin Mekic, ABB Inc. Elmo Price, ABB inc. Jun Verzosa, Doble Engineering Introduction REL 670 Overview • PCM 600 Protection and Control IED Manager • Testing Considerations Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
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Transcript of 6A)-REL670 Testing Considerations.ppt

Microsoft PowerPoint - 6A)-REL670 Testing Considerations.ppt [Compatibility Mode]Testing Considerations for theTesting Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Fahrudin Mekic, ABB Inc. Elmo Price, ABB inc. Jun Verzosa, Doble Engineering
Introduction
Manager • Testing Considerations
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
REL 670 Overview
59P
A Basic Protection Functions • Two breaker applications • Single and three pole tripping
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
59N
Hardware
• Common look and feel • ½, ¾, and full 19” rack widths, 6 RU high
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
• Built in HMI with graphic LCD and keypad control • Front Ethernet port for local PC connection • Modularized
9/26-27/2007
Hardware – System Analog Inputs Full Rack ½ Rack
6I 6V
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Transformer input module (TRM) 12 analog current and voltage inputs
6I – 6V 7I – 5V 9I – 3V 12I
REL 670 – ANSI Connection
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
Hardware – I/O Modules
• BIM Binary inputs
• SOM Static High-speed outputs – 6 HS, 6 std
MIMSOM
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
, • MIM mA analog
Hardware - Communication
• OEM - Optical Ethernet – 2 Tx/Rx (IEC or DNP)
• EIAEIA 485 (Galvanic) DNP
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
– 485 (Galvanic) DNP • GSM - GPS time
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Operator’s HMI
– Menu navigation and Control – Reset – Local/Remote
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
OPEN
CLOSE
Local/Remote
LED State Ready (Green) Alarm (Amber) Trip (Red)
Steady In service Disturbance record triggered
Trip command issued
Flashing Internal failure IED in test mode IED blocked from operation
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Off No power Supply
Operator’s HMI – Programmable LEDs
• 15 programmable LEDs – 6 Red
9 Amber– 9 Amber – Binary I/O – Logic – Remote
• LED Labels – PDF file template – Cut out the strip and insert
from top into the label holder
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
from top into the label holder – The template can be found on
documentation CD and on the homepage
Operator’s HMI – Keypad
KEY Function
E Enters into (or exits) editing mode or executes a command
C Cancels a command or an actionC Cancels a command or an action
Help brings up the operator’s Help screen
↑↓ Navigate between objects on the same page or shuffle values or digits (in editing mode)
→/← Navigate between screens or between digits (in editing mode)
Menu Cycles the LCD between the Main Menu screen and the Control screens
Close Starts the action of closing primary switchgear or turning an on/off switch to ON. Must be followed by E
St t th ti f i i it h t i / ff it h t OFF
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
OPEN Starts the action of opening primary switchgear or turning an on/off switch to OFF. Must be followed by E
Reset Shows the reset menu for resetting counters and LEDs
L/R Allows the selection of local (L – at the IED) or remote (R – station HMI or SCADA) operator’s place. Selection of one will block the other location from control.
9/26-27/2007
Operator’s HMI – Computer Interface
• Cable terminated with T-568A and T-568B RJ45 connectors
• Use either T-568A or B, but swap pin connections on one end – green and orange -
pins 2 and 6 – green/white and
orange/white - pins 1 d 3
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
and 3 Crossover Ethernet Cable
Operator’s HMI – Graphical LCD
• Main Menu – Simple and intuitive – Has nine sub-menus – The whole menu depth does
t d f l lnot exceed four levels • Configurable Control Screens
– Multiple control screens can be configured
– Primary switchgear control can be used as Default Screen
– Single Line Diagram allows user to view, select and operate the apparatuses in one bay with secure interlocking
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
interlocking – Important dynamic
– Function control can be shown on separate screens
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Operator’s HMI – Main Menu
• Control – Single line diagrams for primary apparatus control
and status indicationand status indication – Icon displays for ON/OFF and selector switch (32
positions) control – Service value display: kV, A, P, Q, MVA, etc.
• Measurements – Current and voltage analog values input to the
TRM (IED’s secondary transformer inputs)
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
( y p ) • primary kV and amps • secondary volts and amps
– Monitoring of application function block monitors and metering
Operator’s HMI – Main Menu
• Events – Lists most recent 96 on/off operations of binary
DFR signals time tagged with date and time to theDFR signals time tagged with date and time to the nearest millisecond.
• Disturbance Records – Header information of the most recently recorded
fault records. – record length – trigger values
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
gg – operated functions – fault type – pre and post fault voltage and current values
9/26-27/2007
Operator’s HMI – Main Menu
• Settings – View and edit settingsg – Hierarchal sub menus
• Time • General settings • Settings group N • Activate settings group
• Diagnostics
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Diagnostics – List of most recent internal events – IED status – Product and installed hardware information
Operator’s HMI – Main Menu
• Tests – Provides a number of IED test functions that assists in
functional testing and test troubleshootingfunctional testing and test troubleshooting – The Tests menu includes:
• IED test mode • Binary input values • Binary output values • Function test modes (this works with IED test mode) • Function status • LED test.
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
• Reset – Displays the reset menu for resetting counters and LEDs.
• Language – Selects the LCD’s display language.
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PCM 600- Protection & Control Manager
Hierarchical IED Management Structure
Substation
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
PCM 600- Application Configuration
=
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Background Operations
PCM 600- Application Configuration
Signal Matrix
Parameter Settings
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Parameter Settings
Communication Management
PCM 600- Parameter settings
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
PCM 600- Signal Matrix
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
SMT is the tool to the define relationship between Virtual I/O signals and Physical (hardware) I/O, analog or binary).
PCM 600 – Disturbance Handling
RDRE
LOCATORA1RADR
B1RBDR
Different presentations of disturbance data
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
INDICATIONS (HMI)
96/rec
PCM 600 – Disturbance Handling
• Fault Record Stores approximately 100 6 sec records– Stores approximately 100, 6 sec. records
– 40 analog signals – 96 binary signals
• Settings
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
PCM 600 – Disturbance Handling
COMTRADE file format allows you to use your preferred visualization and analysis tool
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
PCM 600 – Disturbance Handling
Quick Icons: Upload All from IED Read Selected Records Add to PC Data Base Generate Report Manual Trigger
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
PCM 600 – Disturbance Handling
Auto-reporting
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Binary Recordings
Phasor Plots
Control Center Station HMI
RTUI t l ki
Hardwired with parallel Copper wires
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Conventional Switchgear
IEC-61850 – Station/Process Comm
B L l
Multi Object Protection
Multi Bay Control
Object Protection
Bay Control
Control & Protection
TCP/IP LAN
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Bay Level
Process Level
9/26-27/2007
… is ready now!
One world One technology One standard
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
IEC 61850 * UCA International Users Group
only supports IEC 61850
IEC 61850 – Logical Node
XSWI
SIMG
PTRC
CSWI
CSWI
CSWISIMG
TVTR
TCTRCT
VT
8989
Protection:
PDIS
Control:
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Primary Technology -- Switchgear
IEC 61850 – Logical Node
Analog of circuit breaker control with conventional and IEC-61850
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Testing Considerations
– CT polarity – CT and VT turns ratio
• Setting Units – IBase and VBase
I d i h
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
– Impedance - primary ohms – Current - % of IBase – Voltage Units - % of VBase
9/26-27/2007
Key Settings - Transformer Input
1
2
3
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
2. CT Ratio
600 5 3000
Key Settings – IBase and VBase
• IBase – Set to primary of CT turns ratio – E.g. 3000/5 CT, IBase = 3000 A
• VBase – Set to primary of VT turns ratio
E g 500 kV/111V VT VBase = 500 kV
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
– E.g. 500 kV/111V VT, VBase = 500 kV
9/26-27/2007
Key Settings – Distance Units
• Distance Unit Reach – Zone-1 to Zone-5 – Set in primary ohms – Convert to secondary ohms for testing
PRI RATIO
SEC ZCTZ ⋅=
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
PRI RATIO
• Current Unit Setting AmpsI 100⋅– Set in % of IBase
– IBase is primary CT Amp rating
• Voltage Unit Setting – Set in % of VBase
IBase AmpsII OP
VoltsV 100⋅
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Set in % of VBase – VBase is primary VT
kV rating VBase VoltsVV OP
OP 100% ⋅
Cross-polarized Mho
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Includes effect of source impedance As measured by test set
Offset Mho
jX ZC
R
ArgNegRes
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Forward and reverse reach settings
R - ArgDir
Ground Quadrilateral
X 1+
Xn
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Directional Forward and ReverseNon-directional
Load Encroachment
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Quadrilateral CharacteristicMho Characteristic
Load Encroachment
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Quadrilateral CharacteristicMho Characteristic
Time Overcurrent (51)
M 1
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
Time Overcurrent (51)
Curve Type ↓ IEEE C37.112 parameters → A B C p tr
ANSI Extremely Inverse 28.2 0.1217 1 2.0 29.1
ANSI Very Inverse 19.61 0.491 1 2.0 21.6
ANSI Inverse 0.0086 0.0185 1 0.02 0.46
ANSI Moderately Inverse 0.0515 0.114 1 0.02 4.85
ANSI L ti E t l I 64 07 0 250 1 2 0 30
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
ANSI Long-time Extremely Inverse 64.07 0.250 1 2.0 30
ANSI Long-time Very Inverse 28.55 0.712 1 2.0 13.4 6
ANSI Long-time Inverse 0.086 0.185 1 0.02 4.6
Test Support – HMI Data Access
Menu Path Function
Measurements Analog primary values TRM40
Displays all analog voltages and currents in primary valuesprimary values TRM40 values
Measurements Analog secondary values TRM40
Displays all analog voltages and currents in secondary values
Test IED test mode Places the relay in the test mode by blocking all trip functions and sets the amber Start LED to flashing. This is used in conjunction with menu selection ‘Function test modes’.
Test Function test modes Allows selection of functions to enable while in the ‘IED
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Test Function test modes
Allows selection of functions to enable while in the IED test mode’. This is done to test functions individually. You must be sure to enable the function to be tested and all functions that supervise (enable) it. E.g. ZMH1 (zone-1) requires enabling of PHM (phase selection and load encroachment).
9/26-27/2007
Test Support – HMI Data Access
Menu Path Function
Test Binary input values Binary input modules
Displays the status of the binary input number on the BIM# terminal blocky p
BIM# Test Binary input values SMT binary inputs Instance
Displays the status of ‘virtual’ inputs defined in the application configuration 52a, 52b, … , etc. Several instances of SMBI function block (SI01, 2, …, N) are used (instance N = SI0N).
Test Binary output values Binary output modules BOM#
Displays the status of the binary output number on the BOM# terminal block
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Test Support – HMI Data Access
Menu Path Function
Test Binary output Displays the status of ‘virtual’ outputs defined in the values SMT binary outputs Instance
application configuration Trip, Close, Channel Start, … , etc. Several instances of SMBO function block (SO01, 2, …, N) are used (instance N = SO0N).
Test Function status
Allows navigation to all protection functions and displays all of the functions binary (E.g. pickup and trip) outputs.
Test LED test Cycles the illumination of all indication LEDs.
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
Test Support – Application Debug
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Conclusions
• Maximum flexibility to meet hardware and application requirements for protection and controlrequirements for protection and control
• You can select the communication solution you prefer – IEC 61850 ready
• Powerful set of engineering tools to support application building, commissioning, and in-service operation
• Advanced disturbance recording capability and management from a protective relay
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
management from a protective relay
9/26-27/2007
• Doble Testing
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Ground Quadrilateral
• Settings are in primary ohms F t ti d ti i t• For testing a good practice is to use a spreadsheet to convert to secondary ohms and perform modeling calculations.
• For ground quadrilateral the LOOP h t i ti h ld l l t d d d l d
PRI RATIO
VT CTZ ⋅=
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
characteristics should calculated and modeled. Note that R1, X1, R0, X0 are in ohms/ph whereas RFPE in in ohms per loop.
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Ground Quadrilateral
X 1+
Xn
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
Directional Forward and ReverseNon-directional
Ground Quadrilateral
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
Zone Timing Tests
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
ProTesT test plans
• Test plans are currently under by Doble d l tdevelopment.
• Use the Settings feature • New overcurrent characteristics to be
added to characteristic database.
Testing Considerations for the REL 670 Line Protection and Control Terminal
9/26-27/2007
REL 670
Questions?Questions?QQ