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  • Tanker Officer Training Standards (TOTS)

    4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course

  • 4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course

    CONTENTS

    Prerequisites..............................................................................................................................................................................1TOTS Reference....................................................................................................................................................................1STCW 95 Reference............................................................................................................................................................1Physical Realism....................................................................................................................................................................2Behavioural Realism..........................................................................................................................................................2Operating Environment...................................................................................................................................................2Simulator Facility...................................................................................................................................................................2

    SimulatorExercisesExercise 1. Shipandsimulatorfamiliarisation...........................................................................................4Exercise 2. Startinertgasplantandcommenceprimaryinerting............................................5Exercise 3. Completionofprimaryinertingbydilution.......................................................................6Exercise 4. Completionofprimaryinertingbydisplacement........................................................8Exercise 5. Cargoplanningpriortoloadingatwogradecargoofcrudeoil....................10Exercise 6. Commenceloading.............................................................................................................................12Exercise 7. Completeloading..................................................................................................................................13Exercise 8. Loadedpassage....................................................................................................................................14Exercise 9. Commencedischarge.......................................................................................................................15Exercise 10. CrudeOilWash4P&Sheavyweatherballasttanks...........................................16Exercise 11. Starttakingheavyweatherballast.........................................................................................18Exercise 12. Completedischarge............................................................................................................................19Exercise 13. Waterwash1Scargotank..........................................................................................................20Exercise 14. Purgeandgasfree1Scargotankforentry................................................................21Exercise 15. Decantingslopsafterwaterwashingandballasting..............................................22

    Appendix I CargoStowagePlan..........................................................................................................................23

    Tanker Officer Training Standards (TOTS)

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    INTERTANKO2008

    DisclaimerWhilsteveryefforthasbeenmadetoensurethattheinformationcontainedinthispublicationiscorrect,neithertheauthorsnorINTERTANKOcanacceptanyresponsibilityforanyerrors

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  • INTERTANKO (TOTS) 4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course 1

    Tanker Officer Training Standards (TOTS)

    4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course

    PrerequisitesItisintendedthatbythetimecandidatesaregiventhistankersimulatortraining,theyhaveexperiencedseatimeonsimilartankersandhavetakenpartinthesimilarexercisessimulatedhere.Thisencounterwithsimulatedexercisesshouldnotbetheirfirstexperienceofsuchoperations.

    Itisintendedthatthesimulatorusedforthistrainingwillenabledemonstrationofthefollowingcompetencies:

    TOTS Reference CompetenceTOTS4E Trainingincrudeoiltankeroperations

    STCW 95 Reference CompetenceTableA-II/1.9 Monitortheloading,stowage,securing,careduringthevoyageand

    unloadingofcargoes.

    TableA-II/3.6 Maintainseaworthinessoftheship.TableA-II/3.8TableA-III/1.11

    TableA-II/2.11 Planandensuresafeloading,stowage,securing,careduringvoyageandunloadingofcargoes.

    TableA-II/12.2 Carriageofdangerouscargoes.TableA-II/2.13 Controltrim,stabilityandstressTableA-III/12.12

    TableA-II/2.14 MonitorandcontrolcompliancewithlegislativeTableA-III/2.13 requirementsandmeasurestoensuresafetyoflifeatseaand

    protectionofthemarineenvironment.SectionA-V/1.19 Shipoperations(oiltanker)SectionA-V/1.21 Emergencyoperations(oiltanker)

    Forinstructor,supervisorandassessorqualificationsseeSTCW95RegulationI/6,SectionA-I/6paragraph3andA-I/12paragraphs6to9.

  • INTERTANKO (TOTS) 4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course2

    Physical RealismThesimulatorusedshouldfulfilthefollowingminimumrequirements:

    Itwillsimulateatypicalcargohandlingsystemfoundonachemicaltankerbasedonrealoperationalvessels.

    Theequipmentisarrangedinashiplikemanner.

    Thesimulatorincludesthefollowingcomponentsandsubsystems:

    Cargocontrolsystem Ballastcontrolsystem Tankcleaningsystem CrudeOilWashingsystem Overboarddischargeandmonitoringsystems Tankcontentmonitoringsystems Inert/ventingcontrolsystemincluding,gasfreeing,purgingandaerating Tankatmospherecontrolsystem Alarmsystem Communicationsystem Cargopumpingsystem Asystemforcommunicatingwiththeoutsideworld Astabilityandstresscalculator.

    Additionalresources: Ship/shorechecklist CrudeOilWashingchecklist CargoOilRecordBookextracts Logsheets

    Behavioural Realism IMO Model Course 1.04 Part D Appendix 9Thesimulatormodelreplicatesthedynamicbehaviourofthecargohandlingsystemanditsparameters.Furthermore,thesimulatormodelsimulatesthecomponents,theirprocessesandcontrolsystems.Itwillbepossibletointroducefailures,breakdownsandweartoallequipmentsimulated.

    Operating Environment IMO Model Course 1.04 Part D Appendix 9Thesimulatorwillsimulaterestrictionsandfailuresinthecargotransfer,forinstance,introducedbythesimulatedshoreterminal.Alarmswillbeannouncedbyflashingalarmlampsandsoundinthecargocontrolroom.

    Simulator FacilityTheseexerciseshavebeenwrittentakingintoaccountthevarietyofsimulatorswhichmaybeusedtofacilitatethem.Asfewspecificfeaturesaspossiblehavebeenfeatured,soastoincreasetheadaptabilityoftheexercisestothevarioussimulatorsavailable.

    Thetankerinthispackageisdoublehulled,has6pairsofwingtanksandapairofsloptanks.Thereare3manifolds,4cargopumpsand2ballastpumps.Theballasttankarrangementhasnotbeenspecifiedandneitherhastheventingsystem.Itisassumedthetankerhasacargopumproomandassociatednetworkoflines.

    Itissuggestedthattheindividualtrainingfacilitiesselecttwogradesofcrudeoiltoillustratehowspecificphysicalorchemicalpropertiesmayinfluencethehandlingandcarriageofcrudeoil.

    However,thesimulatorshouldhaveitsownCargoOperationsManualwhichwillbeusedduringthetraining.

  • INTERTANKO (TOTS) 4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course 3

    Simulator ExercisesExercise 1. ShipandsimulatorfamiliarisationExercise 2. StartinertgasplantandcommenceprimaryinertingExercise 3. CompletionofprimaryinertingbydilutionExercise 4. CompletionofprimaryinertingbydisplacementExercise 5. CargoplanningpriortoloadingatwogradecargoofcrudeoilExercise 6. CommenceloadingExercise 7. CompleteloadingExercise 8. LoadedpassageExercise 9. CommencedischargeExercise 10. CrudeOilWash4P&SheavyweatherballasttanksExercise 11. StarttakingheavyweatherballastExercise 12. CompletedischargeExercise 13. Waterwash1ScargotankExercise 14. Purgeandgasfree1ScargotankforentryExercise 15. Decantingslopsafterwaterwashingandballasting

    Appendix I CargoStowagePlan

    Exercise DescriptionsWhatfollowsbywayofexercisedescriptionshasbeenwrittenintheformofstudentsobjectives.Inordertopreventmultipleduplication,thenotesmayalsoformguidanceforinstructors.

  • INTERTANKO (TOTS) 4E Crude Oil Tanker Simulator Training Course4

    EXERCISE 1 Simulator and Ship Familiarisation

    ObjectiveThepurposeofthisexerciseistohelpyoubecomefamiliarwiththeoperationofthesimulatorandthecargosystem.Atthesametime,youwillundertakethenecessaryteststoensuretheInertGasGeneratorisfullyoperational,finishballastingtheforepeakandtesttheoperationofacargopump.

    InformationThevesselhasjustdepartedfromdrydock,sothecargosystemisgasfreeandwillneedinerting.Allbunkers,freshwaterandballastareasperthenormalballastcondition,otherthentheforepeakballasttank,whichneedstoppingup.

    Note:itisappreciatedthatnotallliquidcargosimulatorswillhaveexactlythesamefunctionsincorporated.Thefollowingaresuggestionsofsystemsthatneedfamiliarisation:

    1. Checkthevariousdisplaypagesofthesimulatorandfamiliariseyourselfwiththeinformationshown.WhereistheEMERGENCYSHUTDOWNbutton?

    2. Changepagesandoperatevalves.

    3. FindthepagesdealingwiththeBALLASTSYSTEM.

    4. Itissuggestedthata