33 books from a private collection - slam-livre.fr · avant-garde 5 1 APOLLINAIRE, GUILLAUME...
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33 books from a private collection
C ATALOGUE 158
33 BOOKSfrom a Private Collection
ars libri ltd.
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1APOLLINAIRE, GUILLAUMECalligrammes. Pomes de la paix et de la guerre (1913-19160. Ondes - tendards - case darmons - lueurs destirs - obus couleur de lune - la tte toile. Avec un por-trait de lauteur par Pablo Picasso grav sur bois par R.Jaudon. 205, (3)pp. Frontis. portrait after Picasso. Lrg.8vo. Blue boards, 3/4 black morocco gilt (Mercher). T.e.g.Unspecified numbered edition, apart from ditions de tteof 40 copies on various papers.First edition of this epochal, uniquely marvelous, collec-tion of concrete (and other) poemsApollinaire firstreferred to them as idogrammes lyriques and pomesidographiques before settling on calligrammes in1916many of which had appeared in the pages ofSIC.The poets Stphane Mallarm and Guillaume Apollinairethrust text beyond the convention of the traditional page,employing type not simply to emphasize the message,but to become the message itself, to construct and shapethe message in a way that had not been explored before.Mallarms Un coup de ds nabolira le hasard (1897)was far more skillfully and subtly designed by the poetthan it was composed in type by his publisher. Fortunate-ly Apollinaires calligrams were more effectively choreo-graphed by Pierre-Albert Birots avant-garde periodicalSIC because Apollinaires pictorial poems were sent tothe typesetter by Albert-Birot, himself no less committedthan Apollinaire to finding a new meansfor transmittingthe poetic image to the page. Apollinaires calligramshave no formal page, no fixed margins, no orderly
sequence of words. The poem Il pleut rains on the pagein virtual transcription of Apollinaires dripping pen and hisrigorous cubist still life in honor of Picasso makes clearApollinaires interest in effecting a new balance betweenorder and play (Arthur A. Cohen, in The Avant-Garde inPrint). Even browning, as usual; a neatly bound copy.Paris (Mercure de France), 1918. $3,500.00 Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, p.74ff., nos. 62-65; Posure et peintrie (Marseille, 1993) p.68ff.; The Avant-Garde in Print Vol. 5; The Book StrippedBare 1; Franklin Furnace 42
2(ARP) Zrich. Zur MeiseTristan Tzara lira de ses oeuvres et le manifeste dada1918. Mardi le 23 juillet 8 1/2 heures du soir. Billets 4 et2 frs chez Kuoni & Co. Announcement/prospectus. (4)pp.(single sheet folding). 3 original woodcuts by Hans Arp: oneon the front (Arntz 26), two within (Arntz 27 and 13). Sheetsize (as folded): 230 x 143 mm. (9 1/6 x 5 5/8 inches). Lrg.8vo. Self-wraps. Noted within: Vient de paratre: TristanTzara 25 pomes H Arp 10 gravures sur bois. Prix 3 frs. 10exemplaires sur hollande numrots signs et relis 60 frs.20 exemplaires numrots sign coloris et relis 15 frs.Addresser les commandes au Mouvement Dada ZrichZeltweg 3. The catalogue Dada in Zrich states that, foradvertising purposes, this second page was later cut fromcopies of the flyer, and circulated as a single sheet to pro-mote Vingt-cinq pomes.ber den spektakulren Abend im wrdigen Zunfthauszur Meise siehe den Bericht von Tzara in seiner
Chronique... Salle zur Meise Soire Tristan Tzara:Manifeste antithse thse antiphilosophie, Dada Dada,Dada spontanit dadaste dgot dadaste Rirespome, tranquillit tristesse la diarrhe est aussi unsentiment guerre les affaires lment potique hliceinfernale esprit conomique jemenfoutisme hymnenational affichage pour les bordels on jette des roulierssur la scne, des clameurs sauvages fulminent contre lararfaction de lintelligence universitaire etc. (Dada inZrich).Although Tzara read other works also, the event becamefamous as the first appearance of the second dada mani-festo, known as the Manifeste Dada 1918. In this mani-festo, Tzara completely separated the Dada movementfrom other European avant-garde movements by rejectingall known artistic and aesthetic values heretofore accept-ed in the arts. This reading marks the beginning of a peri-od of extreme Dada nihilism (Dada Artifacts). Matted.Discreet central fold; browned at top edge throughout.Very rare.Zrich, 1918. $8,500.00 Rolandseck 7, illus. p. 44; Dada in Zrich 130-131;Almanacco Dada p. 593 (illus.); Dachy, Marc: ArchivesDada/ Chronique (Paris, 2005), p. 66 (illus.); Dsseldorf129; Pompidou: Dada 1440, illus. p. 996; cf. Dada Arti-facts p. 47
3ARP, HANSDie Wolkenpumpe. (Sammlung Die Silbergule. Band50-51 [vere 52/53].) (28)pp. Sm. 4to. Orig. wraps., printedin black with a cover design by Arp. Cloud-Pump, Arpsfirst book of verse. Some of the poems were written asearly as 1911; read at the Dada soire at the Salle Kauf-
leuten, 9 April 1919, they were first published in Dada 4-5: Anthologie Dada. A little light wear; a very nice copy. Hannover (Paul Steegemann), 1920. $2,500.00 Rolandseck 86, illus. p. 61; Bleikasten Aa15; Dada Zrich66; Motherwell/Karpel 196; Verkauf p. 176; Pompidou:Dada 1213, illus. p. 908; Wilpert-Ghring 3; Meyer: PaulSteegemann Verlag 26
4ARP, HANSDer Pyramidenrock. 70pp. Frontis. portrait of Arp byModigliani. 4to. Printed wraps. Arps fourth book, a col-lection of Dada poems. The 41-line 3-column mechan-ical repetition of the title on each cover, a moreemphatic recasting of Duchamps design for New YorkDada, is one of the most influential typographic inven-tions of the period. Even browning, as usual; a veryfine copy.Erlenbach-Zrich/ Mnchen (Eugen Rentsch) .
$3,750.00 Rolandseck 89; Bleikasten Aa29; Dada Zrich 67; Moth-erwell/Karpel 194; Verkauf p. 176; Dsseldorf 23; Pompi-dou Dada 1211, illus. p. 698; Tendenzen 3/80; The BookStripped Bare 5; Franklin Furnace 70; Andel Avant-GardePage Design 1900-1950, no. 138
5BERLIN. KUNSTHANDLUNG DR. OTTO BURCHARD Erste Internationale Dada-Messe. Ausstellung undVerkauf dadaistischer Erzeugnisse. Veranstaltet vonMarschall G. Grosz, Dadasoph Raoul Hausmann, Mon-teurdada John Heartfield. Katalog. (4)pp. (single sheet,folding). 312 x 773 mm. (12 1/4 x 30 3/8 inches). Pho-tomontage illustrations, including front and back coversprinted in red and black (integrated with text) and 2 illus-trations within. Oblong sm. folio. Self-wraps.
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Text by Hausmann and Herzfelde; the dramatic pho-tomontage on the front cover by Heartfield. Theposter/catalogue of the brilliantly assaultive exposition,which may qualify as the first environment (as the workhas come to be understood in postwar art), and which inany case was certainly the climax of Berlin Dada, runningthrough the whole of the summer of 1920. Some 174items were exhibited, virtually all of them contributed byGermans, notwithstanding the international premise ofthe show. An inflammatory political tone, vehemently anti-militaristic and anti-bourgeois, was everywhere in evi-dence, including the stuffed dummy of a German officerwith the head of a swine, assembled by Rudolf Schlichterand suspended face-down from the ceiling. Grosz andHerzfelde, who had contributed grotesque puppets andcaricatures of capitalists and soldiers, were prosecutedand eventually fined for ridiculing the Reichswehr, acharge they rejected with the assertion that theirs was atotally artistic form of satire. As Ades has pointed out, thisline of reasoning makes an interesting counterpart to thatof Max Ernst, who, when similarly pressed by the police inKln, answered that his work was Dada and therefore hadnothing to do with art.The poster for the exhibition was also its catalogue. Onelarge sheet folded at the center, forming a program of fouroblong pages showed, as a colored background, a simul-taneous collage with an urban atmosphere, the work of
Heartfield, treated typographically in red, ochre and yel-low (Leben und Treiben in Universal City, 12 Uhr 15 mit-tags), a background collage on which some items ofpractical information were overprinted in black, as well as,upside down at the foot of the cover, a programmatic dec-laration by Hausmann: Dada man is the radical enemy ofexploitation, the sense of exploitation produces nothingbut fools and Dada man hates folly and loves nonsense!So Dada man reveals himself as genuinely real asopposed to the stinking sham of the family man and cap-italist croaking in his armchair (Chapon). Matted (open).Several minute chips at extreme top and bottom edges;indetectible expert mends at original foldlines; a remark-ably fine copy, fresh and with bright color, such as is nownearly unobtainable on the market.Berlin, 1920. $25,000.00 Ades p. 85; Dada Global 76 (2 illus.); Chapon p. 102f.(with 2 illus.); Dachy: Archives dada/ chronique p. 140(illus.); Motherwell/Karpel 142, illus. pp. 46, 88f.; Richterp. 133; Rubin 407, illus. D80-83; Dada Artifacts 44; Pom-pidou: Dada 1329, illus. pp. 302, 324ff.; Washington:Dada illus. 78; Tendenzen 3/212; Stationen der Moderne4/1 (illus.), 4/36; Franklin Furnace 80; Andel, Jaroslav:Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, no. 166; Pach-nicke, Peter & Honnef, Klaus (eds.): John Heartfield (NewYork, 1992), p. 85ff. (illus.)
6BRETON, ANDRNadja. 218, (2)pp., 44 photographic plates. Wraps. Firstedition. An unnumbered copy, designated S.P. on thefront cover. Presentation copy, inscribed on the half-title A Maxime Alexandre/ son sens trs lv/ delamour/ Andr Breton. Biro/Passeron records thatAlexandre (1899-1976), a central figure in the Surrealistmovement, a particip intimement aux activits dugroupe surraliste partir de sa cration en 1924, luiapportant sa connaissance des romantiques allemands.Lors de laffaire Aragon, il se refusa suivre les signa-tures de Paillasse et, avec Pierre Unik, rdigea le tractAutour dun pome, qui marque sa rupture avec dessurralistes.Together with this: Commerce. Cahiers trimestriels pub-lis par les soins de Paul Valry, Lon-Paul Fargue, ValeryLarbaud. cahier XIII, automne 1927. In this issue, Bretonpublished Nadja. Premire partie (pp. 77-120), half ayear before the appearance of the book itself. A worn copy of the book, the covers soiled and partlydetached, with intermittent light staining; the issue ofCommerce with light wear only.Paris (Gallimard), 1928. $1,200.00 Sheringham Aa155, Ab144; Pompidou: Breton p. 185f.;Gershman p. 7; Biro/Passeron 452, p. 296, cf. p. 16; Ades9.92; Sanouillet, Michel: Dada in Paris (Cambridge, 2009),no. 104; Milano p. 650
7BRETON, ANDRLamour fou. (Collection Mtamorphoses. III.) 176, (2)pp.,20 plates. Lrg. 8vo. Marbled boards, 1/2 red morocco gilt(Lavaux). Orig. wraps. and backstrip bound in, as is theerrata slip. First edition: one of 1935 copies. Photographs
by Man Ray (7), Brassa (4), Cartier-Bresson, Dora Maarand others. 2 fvrier. Parution de Lamour fou, aux di-tions Gallimard, avec dix-huit planches photographiques...illustrant fidlement des passages du texte dont trois par-ties avaient dj paru dans Minotaure depuis 1934. Lesurralisme de mes images ne fut autre que le rel rendufantastique par la vision, prcisera Brassa propos deces photos (Pompidou). A fine copy.Paris (Gallimard), 1937. $950.00 Sheringham Aa276; Pompidou: Breton p. 235; Gershmanp. 8; Ades 12.142; Biro/Passeron p. 21; Krauss, Rosalind& Livingston, Jane: LAmour fou: Photography and Surre-alism; Milano p. 653
8(CZESCHKA) Keim, FranzDie Nibelungen dem deutschen Volke wiedererzhlt.Bilder und Ausstattung von C.O. Czeschka. (GerlachsJugendbcherei. Band 22.) 67, (1)pp. 8 double-pageplates, printed in colors and gold, signed with remarque;17 vignettes; 1 dec. initial; dec. title and frontis.; repeat-ed border design (all the foregoing designed by Czesch-ka). Sm. 8vo. Publishers grey cloth, with signet andtypography by Czeschka. Dec. endpapers in blue andwhite. One of the finest examples of Vienna Secession bookillustration and book decoration. The mosaic-like flatpatches of blue, black and gold, with occasional redaccents, much in the Secession formula, form a strongrich background for a variety of Czeschkas unusual geo-metric patterns (Turn of a Century). Einem Hauptwerkeuropischer Buchkunst des Jugendstils (Pabst). Cov-ers a little soiled; internally fine.Wien/Leipzig (Gerlach u. Wiedling), n.d. 
$1,500.00 Pabst, Michael: Wiener Grafik um 1900 (Mnchen, 1984),p. 286ff. (illus.); Hofsttter p. 244f. (illus.); Jugendstil inHamburg (Hamburg, 1968), p. 52f.; Turn of a Century 131
9(DADA PAPILLONS) Kln. Brauhaus WinterTwo unrecorded papillons advertising the reopening of theDada Vorfrhling exhibition in Kln, after its closing by thepolice in April 1920. [I:] DADA siegt! Schildergasse 37.[II:] DADA ist fr ruhe./ Schildergasse 37. 2 individualpapillons, printed in black in multiple typefaces on light-weight buff-colored paper (versos blank). Each ca. 67 x115 mm. (2 5/8 x 4 1/2 inches). These two little ephemera are to our knowledge com-pletely unrecorded, and unique in being the only examplesof papillons in the history of German Dada. They derivedirectly from the text and typography of the magnificentposter designed by Max Ernst for the reopening of theDada Vorfrhling exhibition, shortly after it was closeddown by the police for public indecency. Whereas theposter triumphantly proclaims the Wiederffnung derpolizeilich geschlossenen Ausstellung, these papillonsare much more sly: simply the statements Dada triumphsand Dada is for order, and an address: nothing further toexplain that there is an exhibition. They are teasers for thecurious. This dada exhibition has spawned more anecdotes thanany other, some of them contradictory. Certainly it opened,and ended, turbulently, and was equally eventful while itwas running.... [It] was organized hurriedly, as a separate
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manifestation after the montages and sculptures by Ernstand Baargeld had been removed from a juryless exhibitionorganised by the Artists Union of Cologne in the Museumof Decorative Arts. They hired a glass-roofed court partlyexposed to the rain at the rear of the Brasserie Winter,reached through the gentlemens lavatory. Visitors werechallenged to destroy what they didnt like, and everythingstolen and destroyed was constantly replaced. Several ofthe works which disappeared were reproduced in DieSchammade: Baargelds Antropofiler Bandwurm, a reliefconstruction of odds and ends like a frying pan, cog,springs and a bell, and Ernsts wire sculpture, which hascertain similarities with Jancos Construction, reproducedin the Zrich Dada 1. The critics tended to be bemused(Ades). The public, however, appears more than anythingelse to have been disoriented. It seems that the manifes-tation which most scandalized the audience was not thespectacle of a young girl in first communion dress recitingobscene poetry, but a pornographic image reported tothe police which, on investigation, proved to be a repro-duction of Drers Adam and Eve incorporated in anErnst collage. Dada siegt with minuscule clean tear atleft edge; Dada ist fr ruhe almost invisibly rejoined (onthe verso) along a central cut. Of utmost rarity.Kln, 1920. $9,500.00 Cf., regarding the Dada-Vorfrhling exhibition: Dada Glob-al 133-134; Ades p. 105f.; Stokes, Charlotte & Foster,Stephen C. (eds.): Dada Cologne, Hanover (Crisis and theArts: The History of Dada, Vol. 3, New York, 1997), p.
52ff.; Pompidou: Dada p. 272, illus. 273.3-5; Washington:Dada: p. 231, illus. 222; Klnischer Kunstverein: VonDadamax zum Grngrtel: Kln in der zwanziger Jahren(1975), p. 30ff.; Klnischer Kunstverein: Max Ernst inKln: die rheinische Kunstszene bis 1922 (1980), p. 171ff.
10(DELAUNAY) Delteil, JosephAllo! Paris! Avec vingt lithographies par Robert Delau-nay. 110, (6)pp., 20 original lithographs by Delaunay(including frontispiece blindstamped Atelier R. Delau-nay, Paris, 18 Bd Malesherbes at lower left). Tissueguards. Lrg. 4to. Full black leather, gilt at spine; raisedbands. Orig. wraps. bound in (slightly worn). Uncut. Oneof 15 roman-numeralled copies on hollande Van Gelder,from the hors-commerce tirage of 40, apart from the edi-tion of 325 (of which 25 on Van Gelder with suites onchine, and 300 on Arches).Delaunays only original book illustrations. Whereassome of the lithographs are straightforward pictorialviews of Paris, others, such as the Eiffel Tower and St.Sverin, are tensely Cubist in character, recalling Delau-nays paintings of these subjects in 1909-12 (The Artistand the Book). Paris (ditions des Quatre Chemins), 1926. $4,000.00 The Artist and the Book 72; Skira 60; Artists Books in theModern Era 1870-2000, no. 53; Splendid Pages p. 176;Stuttgart 47; Zrich 65; Stein, Donna (ed.): Cubist Books/Cubist Prints 80-81; Libri cubisti (Siena, 1988), no. 9
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11(ERNST) luard, PaulLes malheurs des immortels. Rvls par Paul Eluard etMax Ernst. (44)pp. Frontis. and 20 full-page collages ofsteel-engravings by Ernst. 4to. Wraps. The very rare original edition, printed in an unspecifiedvery small run on Simili Japon, of one of Ernsts greatestachievements in collage and book illustration. The prosepoems represent a collaborative effort, begun in the sum-mer of 1921 (when Ernst was in the Tyrol with Tzara andthe Arps), and were composed jointly in an exchange ofletters). Chronologically Les malheurs des immortelsand Rptitions belong to dadaism. Although the uncom-promising satire contained in their pages fits with theaggressive practices of that movement, however, thehighly constructive and even systematic nature of thesejoint ventures departs from the improvisational, even slap-dash dadaism and points to the mainstream of surrealism(Hubert). A fine copy.Paris (Librairie Six), 1922. $7,500.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 3; Spies/Metken 471-491;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 198-219; Rainwater 15;Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max ErnstBooks and Graphic Work 4; Russell p. 186f.; Manet toHockney 66; Skira 112; Hubert p. 54f.; Peyr, Yves: Pein-ture et posie 24; Wheeler p. 101; Reynolds p. 44;Verkauf p. 178; Gershman p. 18; Sanouillet, Michel: Dadain Paris (Cambridge, 2009), no. 240; Dachy: ArchivesDada p. 560; Lista: Dada libertin & libertaire 227; Paris-Berlin 307; Pompidou Dada 1230, illus. p. 407; Washing-ton Dada illus. 243; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde PageDesign 1900-1950, no. 427
12(ERNST) luard, PaulRptitions. Dessins de Max Ernst. 51, (3)pp. 10 full-pageillus. by Ernst (1 in colors) after collages of wood engrav-ings. Lrg. 8vo. Printed plum-colored wraps., with addition-al collage illustration by Ernst tipped onto front wrapper, asissued. One of 350 numbered copies in all. Upon Andr Bretons invitation, Ernst sent fifty-six of hiscollages for his first one-man show in Paris in May 1921 atthe Galerie Au Sans Pareil. Entitled la mise sous whiskymarin, this exhibition of Ernsts dessins, mcanoplas-tiques, plastoplastiques, peintopeintures... au-del de lapeinture was received with great acclaim and enthusiasmby Breton and the group of Parisian Dadaists already begin-ning to join around him in their efforts to codify Surrealism.As a German veteran living in the British-occupiedRhineland, Ernst was prohibited from traveling to Paris, butin November Paul and Gala visited him for a week inCologne. This meeting not only initiated a complex, intimaterelationship between Ernst and the luards, but sparked thefirst of a series of extraordinary collaborations betweenpainter and poet. While in Cologne, luard selected from agroup of recent, independent collages eleven to accompa-ny an edition of his short prose poems, Rptitions. Con-structed from fragments of black-and-white wood engrav-ings and magazine illustrations, the collages were more uni-fied than the earlier and generally larger Dada collages. Themore integrated scale of their parts and the stylistic similar-ity of the source engravings themselves contributed to theincreasing refinement of Ernsts cut-and-paste technique(Rainwater). Wrappers slightly faded and worn.Paris (Au Sans Pareil), 1922. $6,000.00
Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 4; Spies/Metken 438-448;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 180-197; Rainwater 13, p. 10;Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max ErnstBooks and Graphic Work 3; Fouch, Pascal: Au SansPareil (1989), no. 25; Gershman p. 18; Dada Global 197;Ades 8.53; Sanouillet, Michel: Dada in Paris (Cambridge,2009), no. 239; Motherwell/Karpel 257; Dada Artifacts137; Reynolds p. 42; Skira 111; Hubert p. 54ff.; Chapon p.144; Andel 128; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde PageDesign 1900-1950, no. 407 (full-page color plate); Ten-denzen 3/586; Dsseldorf 192; Zrich 317; Pompidou:Dada 1231, figs. 405-406, 712; Washington: Dada pl. 244
13ERNST, MAXHistoire naturelle. Introduction by Hans Arp. (8)pp., 34 col-lotype plates. Contents loose, as issued. Folio. Publishersoriginal portfolio (blue and black printed boards withsupralibros, 1/4 cloth; ties). One of 250 hand-numberedcopies on vlin, signed in pen by Ernst in the justification,from the limited edition of 300 in all. We quote at length from Robert Rainwater: The first frot-tages of 1925 were the results of Ernsts running a pencilover a sheet of paper under which were placed a widevariety of textured natural and manmade objects and sur-faces, whose identity often became unrecognizable in thefinished works. The textures were integrated into thecompleted pictures, just as the wood-engraved compo-nents of the earlier collages gave up their independentstatus to the overall compositions. To present his newwork in printed form, as he had done with the photome-chanically reproduced collages in the luard books, Ernstpublished Histoire naturelle, with thirty-four collotypeplates after his frottages from the previous year and aDada prose poem by Arp. Encompassing Ernsts person-al vision of creation and evolution, Histoire naturelleaffected the artists close friend Roland Penrose upon hisfirst seeing its plates as a new world where a new andpoetic language was spoken and a new magical compan-ionship existed between animal, vegetable and mineral,between the sea, the rain and the stars. There appearedto be an integral association between small and great,minute detail and infinite space, the eye and system ofsolar coinage. Packaged in the deluxe portfolio formatcustomary with original fine prints, it was issued in a limit-ed edition, signed by the artist. Although indisputably areproductive process, collotype was used because of itscapability of yielding a faithful gray-to-black range of tonesalmost comparable to photography.
One plate in new facsimile; intermittent light foxing andwear.Paris [ditions Jeanne Bucher], 1926. $5,000.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 6; Rainwater p. 14f., no. 20;Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max ErnstBooks and Graphic Work 7; Guggenheim 286; Gershmanp. 20; Ades 9.97; Rubin p. 180ff.; Jean p. 128; Stuttgart:Hernad, Batrice & Maur, Karin von: Papiergesnge,no.48; The Book Stripped Bare 37
14ERNST, MAXLa femme 100 ttes. Avis au lecteur par Andr Breton.(328)pp. 147 captioned full-page illustrations after col-lages of steel engravings. 4to. Recent full brown moroc-co gilt. Orig. front wrapper, with vignette illustration byErnst, bound in (somewhat worn). Preferred edition:one of 88 numbered copies on Hollande Pannekoek(after 12 on Japon Impriale), from the limited edition of1000 in all. Ernst produced the first of the three collage novels in1929 while staying at a farm in the Ardche. He had takenwith him a collection of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century magazines and journals whose wood-engravedillustrations had fascinated him for years as he browsed
among the bookstalls of the Seine in Paris. An illness con-fined him to bed for a couple of weeks, and in that con-centrated period of mental activity was born La femme100 ttes, a visual novel containing 147 collages thatErnst divided into nine chapters. The unusual title is a punthat relates to his Surrealist quest for multiple identities,and...establishes both the name and character of Ernstsmain heroine, who has both 100 heads and is without ahead at the same time: a heroine of mythic proportions,she represents the essence of womanhood who bears nosingle face but is constantly changing (Evan Maurer, inRainwater). A very fresh and bright copy.Paris (Editions du Carrefour), 1929. $6,500.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 7; Spies/Metken 1417-1563; Spies:Max Ernst Collages 272-359; Rainwater no. 21, p. 63ff.;Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max Ernst Booksand Graphic Work 10; Gershman p. 20; Ades 9.98; Reynolds p.43; Skira 113; Villa Stuck 38; Franklin Furnace 132; Andel,Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1910-1950, nos. 428-429
15ERNST, MAXRve dune petite fille qui voulut entrer au Carmel.(182)pp. 69 captioned full-page illustrations after collagesof steel-engravings. 4to. Dec. wraps., the front cover withErnst illustration. Glassine d.j. (slightly chipped). Fittedclamshell box (silk over boards, 1/4 green morocco gilt).One of 1000 numbered copies, from the limited edition of1060 in all. The second of Ernsts three collage novels, and the leastknown, though, Evan Maurer has noted, this work com-prises some of Ernsts most powerful statements on thecomplexity of human nature, sexuality and desire. Partlyunopened; a fine copy.Paris (Editions du Carrefour), 1930. $5,500.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 8; Spies/Metken 1587-1666;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 360-386; Rainwater 22, p. 70(Maurer); Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: MaxErnst Books and Graphic Work 11; Gershman p. 20; Ades11.49; Biro/Passeron 1056; Manet to Hockney 86; VillaStuck 37; Franklin Furnace 133
16(ERNST) Arp, HansGedichte: Weisst du schwarzt du. Fnf klebebilder vonMax Ernst. 32pp. 5 plates of collages of wood engravingsby Ernst. Sm. 4to. Silver foil wraps. D.j., with collage coverdesign by Max Ernst (recapitulating the frontispiece). Oneof 200 copies from the limited edition of 250 in all, num-bered in pen, on handmade paper. Arps nine poems, dating from 1924, were illustrated byErnst in 1929. This is one of the most exquisite of Ernstsillustrated books, and typographically exceptionally ele-gant. D.j. slightly chipped and soiled, otherwise a very finecopy. Rare.Zrich (Pra Verlag), 1930. $8,500.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 9; Spies/Metken 1672-1676;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 387-391; Rainwater 27; Stuttgart,Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max Ernst Books andGraphic Work 12; Rolandseck 96; Dada Global 269; Mother-well/Karpel 189; Winterthur 178; Franklin Furnace 78; Andel,Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, no. 426
17ERNST, MAXUne semaine de bont, ou les sept lments capitaux.Roman. 5 vols. (10)pp., 182 full-page plates of collages ofsteel engravings. 4to. Orig. printed wraps., each volume ofa different color (purple, green, red, blue and yellow). Pub-lishers dec. carton slipcase, the front cover with mountedillustration by Ernst on green stock. One of 800 copies onpapier de Navarre, from the limited edition of 816 in all,numbered in separate justifications in each volume. Ernsts third and final collage novel, assembled in agreat burst of energy in just three weeks, and much thelongest and most complex, serially issued in five sepa-rate cahiers from April through December 1934. The
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work is orchestrated in seven sections, corresponding tothe days of the week, and correlated also with thealchemical elements. In the five books of Une semainede bont, Ernst developed a set of iconographical formsbased on a wide variety of sources, including Freudiandream theory, alchemy, and his personal life experi-ences. Taken together, his three collage novels exhibit apoetic and pictorial genius that establishes them assome of the most extraordinary monuments of twentieth-century art. Their unique character was recognized byBreton, who proclaimed that it is Max Ernsts magicpasses that have awakened the book, physically, from itscenturies-long slumber: the pages which he hasenchanted, rather than merely decorated are so manyeyelids that have started to flutter. It is the verdant par-adise of the childs first picture-book, as well as theherbarium in which every plant consents to flower a sec-ond time (Evan M. Maurer). Wraps. sunned at spines(extending on 2 vols. slightly onto front covers); dec.panel of slipcase a bit rubbed; otherwise fresh and crisp.This copy is accompanied by a complete set ofunbound printers sheets of the plates for the derniercahier: 12 leaves with a total of 48 compositions, printedtwo on each side, on the same stock as the book. Nevertrimmed or folded, these sheets (measuring 280 x 435mm., 11 x 17 5/8 inches) are part of a group found bun-dled in brown paper, reportedly from the Roland Penroseestate, and the Mayor Gallery.Paris (Jeanne Bucher), 1934. $6,500.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 11; Spies/Metken 1904-2085;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 427-518; Rainwater 33a andpp. 78-91; Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen:Max Ernst Books and Graphic Work 16; Ades 12.150;Hubert pp. 269-286; Franklin Furnace 134; Reynolds p.
44; Stuttgart 76; Villa Stuck 36; Milano p. 651; Castlemanp. 161; Logan Collection 107; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-GardePage Design 1910-1950, nos. 430-431
18ERNST, MAX & luard, PaulA lintrieur de la vue. 8 pomes visibles. 113, (15)pp. 39illus. (after collages of steel-engravings), of which 7 deli-cately colored by hand in blue, yellow, rose, and red-washes. Initial letters and subtitles in purple throughout.Dec. wraps., printed in purple, red and orange after adesign by Ernst. One of 600 copies on Alma Marais, fromthe limited edition of 610 in all, the illustrations printed byMourlot Frres. Les 8 pomes visibles de Max Ernst composs en 1931ont t, aussi fidlement que possible, illustrs par 8pomes visibles de Paul Eluard en 1946 (from the justifi-cation statement). For Ernst and the poet Paul luard, theeye represented what they called the interior of seeing, aphrase that can be read as a metaphoric description of Sur-realist aesthetics. They used the phrase in the title A lin-trieur de la vue: 8 pomes visibles (The Interior of Seeing:Eight Visible Poems), a book created in 1931 and publishedin 1947, which also includes a dreamlike image of two rowsof eyes facing each other. In 1934 the same phrase andimage then appeared in the collage novel Une semaine debont (Andel). Backstrip lightly browned; a fine copy.Paris (Pierre Seghers), 1947. $3,750.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 20; Spies/Metken 1808-46;Spies: Max Ernst Collages 407-425; Rainwater 31;Stuttgart, Institut fr Auslandsbeziehungen: Max ErnstBooks and Graphic Work 14; Beyond Painting 70;Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, p. 328f., no. 432 (full-page color plate).
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19(KESSELS) Guislain, AlbertBruxelles. Atmosphre 10-32. Photos de Willy Kessels.316pp., 31 heliogravure photographic plates (some withphotocollages or multiple illustrations). Stout 8vo. Photo-illus. wraps. Partly unopened; slightly shaken; a few lightpencilled annotations.Paris/Bruxelles (Lglantine), 1932. $175.00
20(LECK) Andersen, H. C. Het Vlas. Uit het deensch vertaald door Marie Nijland-van deer Meeer de Walcheren. Geteekend en gekleurddoor B. v.d. Leck. (1), 10, (1)ff. Prof. illus. with elementsin color. Sm. 4to. Orig. self-wraps., designed by theartist. Clamshell box (cloth with leather label). Editionlimited to 500 numbered copies. Entirely designed byBart van der Leck, the work is set in his geometric type-face and illustrated with similarly broken illustrationsand with bars and blocks of red, yellow and blue invarying sizes. This edition of Hans Christian Andersens fairy tale, TheFlax, is one of the very rare instances of de Stijl bookillustration. Het Vlas (The Flax) is one of the mostimportant examples of de Stijl art in book illustration.Bart van der Leck was a member of the de Stijl move-ment founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg and PietMondrian. It held that art be considered part of universalharmony, universality be anti-subjective in nature, formbe abstracted, and color reduced to the primary colorsof red, blue and yellow (Johnson). Title-page with dis-creet signature and a little light foxing; in general a fine,clean copy.Amsterdam (De Spieghel), 1941. $3,500.00 Johnson, Robert Flynn: Artists Books in the Modern Era114; Manet to Hockney 109; Minneapolis p. 58f.
21(LGER) Cendrars, BlaiseJai tu. Prose par Monsieur Blaise Cendrars et 5 dessinsde Monsieur Fernand Lger. (34)pp. 5 compositions byLger, including 2 hors texte and 1 on front cover, printedin red and blue (the cover with yellow pochoir). Text print-ed in red. Sm. sq. 4to. Orig. wraps., with front coverpochoir composition by Lger in blue and yellow. Slipcase(blue boards) with plexiglass and blue calf chemise(Mercher). One of 300 numbered copies on uncut verg la forme, from the limited edition of 353 in all. Typographyand printing by Franois Bernouard.In August 1914, Fernand Lger was mobilized as a sap-per in the Engineers Corps. After being gassed at Verdunon the Aisne front, he was hospitalized until his dischargein January 1918. With the war experience lingering in hismind as a source of imagery, Lgers first project uponrecovery was the creation of illustrations for Jai tu (Ihave killed). This small anti-war book was written by Cen-drars who, as a corporal on the Somme, had lost an armin the Champagne offensive of September 1915. Cen-drars laments the stupidity of war, describing how theworlds resources are mobilized to support all men, andends the work with a ruthless confrontation between twomen: Eye for eye, tooth for tooth. Its up to us two, now.To blows with fist, to blows with knife. No mercy. I leap onmy antagonist. I give him a terrible blow. His head isalmost cut off. I have killed the Boche. I was more livelyand rapid than he. More direct. I struck first. I have thesense of reality, I poet. I have acted killed. Like him whowould live. Boldly printed in blue and red, evoking theFrench tricolor, the book reproduces, photomechanically,five drawings executed by Lger at Verdun in 1918.Though not specifically drawn as companions to theprose-poem, these dehumanized war images match thebrutal action and are visually equivalent to Cendrars pow-erful, machine-gun writing. The use of inexpensive sten-ciling to superimpose the title in yellow on the blue coverplate was probably Cendrars suggestion since Sonia
Delaunay had used this technique in 1913 for their suc-cessful collaboration, La prose du Transsibrien et de laPetite Jehanne de France (Donna Stein, in CubistPrints/ Cubist Books). Just how important Cendrars was as a contact betweenpre-war simultaneity and the Lger of 1918-19 is demon-strated by the fact that Lgers friendship with the poetwas articulated by experiments in book illustration whichare in some ways complementary to the first simultane-ous book, that among his first attempts to combine poet-ic images without regard for the unities of time and placewere the illustrations for Jai tu... (Christopher Green, inLger and Purist Paris). Both text and illustrations were published in Der Sturm(No. 7, 1919), and, in an English translation, in The Plow-share (May/June 1919). An epochal book. Rare. A veryfresh copy, especially rare thus. Paris (A La Belle Edition), 1918. $12,500.00 Saphire p. 299; Cubist Prints/ Cubist Books 62, p. 64 (andback cover illustration); Siena 51 (and front cover illustra-tion); The Cubist Print 122, p. 55; Skira 197; Peyr, Yves:Peinture et posie 14; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde PageDesign 1900-1950, nos. 94-95; Winterthur 112; Paris/Berlin 206; Franklin Furnace 35; Tate Gallery: Lger andPurist Paris (1970), p. 43
22(LGER) Cendrars, Blaise La fin du monde, filme par lange N.-D. Roman. Compo-sitions en couleurs par Fernand Lger. (58)pp. 22 coloredpochoir compositions and ornaments by Lger. Lrg. 4to.
Orig. dec. wraps. Glassine d.j. One of 1200 copies onvlin Lafuma, of a limited edition of 1225 copies (many ofwhich are thought to have been lost or destroyed due todifficulties with the pochoir printing). Lgers most brilliantventure in book illustration, inspired by the anarchic,Americanized cosmology of Cendrars scenario. Wraps.reinforced and somewhat worn; intermittent light wear.Paris (Editions de la Sirne), 1919. $6,500.00 Saphire p. 299; Castleman p. 170; Manet to Hockney 54;Skira 197; Johnson, Robert Flynn: Artists Books in theModern Era 26; Splendid Pages p. 187, fig. 80; Peyr,Yves: Peinture et posie 18; Reynolds p. 24; Lilly 10; VillaStuck 65; Wheeler p. 105; Stein, Donna: CubistPrints/Cubist Books no. 64, p. 64; Siena 52; The CubistPrint 77; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, p. 96, illus. 94-99
23(LGER) Goll, IwanDie Chapliniade. Eine Kinodichtung. Mit vier Zeichnungenvon Fernand Lger. 42, (2)pp. 4 full-page cubist designsby Lger. Sm. 4to. Dec. boards designed by Hans Blanke,printed in black with appliques in pink and green. Au cours de son sjour en Suisse durant la guerre, [Goll]avait commenc crire en franais et lire avec atten-tion la nouvelle posie franaise, celle de Guillaume Apol-linaire et de Blaise Cendrars. Cela nest pas t sansrorienter un peu son inspiration: la Chapliniade, sous-titr pome cinmatographique, est un dialogue lyriqueconsacr lacteur Charlot. Goll en fera lui-mme uneadaptation franaise qui paratra en 1923, toujours
accompagne des dessins de Fernand Lger(Paris/Berlin). Binding slightly worn; a fine copy.Dresden (Rudolf Kaemmerer), 1920. $950.00 Saphire p. 299; Splendid Pages p. 187; Centre GeorgesPompidou: Paris-Berlin, 1900-1933, p. 468 no. 81;Raabe/Hannich-Bode 86.12; Wilpert/Ghring 17
24(MAN RAY) Cocteau, JeanLange Heurtebise. Pome, avec une photographie delange par Man Ray. (38)pp. Heliogravure frontispiece byMan Ray, loosely inserted, as issued, Folio. Printedwraps. Signatures and frontispiece loose, as issued. Oneof 250 numbered copies on vlin dArches la cuve, fromthe limited edition of 355. The photograph of the angel isa stunning Rayogram (295 x 235 mm., with large mar-gins), printed in a very rich gravure. Cocteaus remarkablepoem, a spiritual fantasy, arose from an anguished dreamin which he was tormented by an angel/incubus of thisname. Covers slightly dusty; a fine copy.Paris (Librairie Stock), 1925. $4,000.00 Splendid Pages p. 188; Paris/Berlin: Annexe 540
25MARINETTI, F.T. Les mots en libert futuristes. 107, (9)pp., including 4 fold-ing plates (extending, when opened, to 363 mm., or ca. 141/4 inches). Wraps., printed in red and black. Glassine d.j.The great masterpiece of Futurist typographic expression;the folding plates present the most famous of all parole inlibert. Partly unopened. Light browning, a two short splitsin the folding plates; a fine copy.Milano (Edizioni Futuriste di Poesia), 1919. $3,750.00 Salaris p. 48; Falqui p. 45; Jentsch, Ralph: The Artist and theBook in Twentieth-Century Italy, p. 328; Pompidou: Dada 1261;Franklin Furnace 44; Spencer p. 24f.; The Avant-Garde in Print1.3, 1.4, 4.1; Andel, Jaroslav: Avant-Garde Page Design 1900-1950, p. 104f., nos. 101, 104; Johnson, Robert Flynn: ArtistsBooks in the Modern Era 31; Splendid Pages p. 189, fig. 56
26(MOI VER)The Ghetto Lane in Wilna. 65 pictures by M. Vorobeichic.Preface by S. Chnour. (Schaubcher 27.) 7, (1), 6, (2)pp.,64 plates with 65 halftone photographs. Photo-illus. boards,1/4 cloth. Publishers cellophane d.j. (small chips). The Eng-lish-language edition of Ein Ghetto im Osten (Wilna), withparallel texts in English and Hebrew. Even more so thanParis, Ein Ghetto im Osten was ostensibly a documentarybook, but as he had done in his view of the French city, MoVer could not resist pushing the envelope of the documentaryform. Once again, he used a variety of New Vision strategies,the most obvious being to take many images from upstairswindows looking on to the narrow streets of Vilniuss old Jew-ish quarter (Parr/Badger). A fine, bright copy.Zrich/Leipzig (Orell Fssli), 1931. $850.00 Parr, Martin & Badger, Gerry: The Photobook: A History.Vol. I, p. 130
27PARIS. LIBRAIRIE JOS CORTILivres et publications surralistes. 15, (1)pp. 12 photo-graphic portraits in 12mo., bound in hors texte. Self-wraps. with cover by Max Ernst. Full listings of availableand out-of-print publications for each of 12 Surrealist writ-ers, along with excerpted critical commentary; the finalpage bears the famous Lisez: Ne lisez pas list of famouswriters. Max Ernsts specially designed front cover is oneof his most memorable steel-engraved collages. Dates ofthe catalogue, from reliable authorities, range from 1929(Ades) to 1932 (Sanouillet, Rubin). A fine copy.Paris, n.d. [1932?] $950.00 Hugues/Poupard-Lieussou 117; Spies: Ernst Collages392; Biro/Passeron p. 105 (illus.); Ades 9.88; Sanouillet,Michel: Dada in Paris (Cambridge, 2009), no. 779; Rubin4; Milano p. 650
28(SCHLEMMER) Weimar. Staatliches BauhausDie erste Bauhaus-Ausstellung in Weimar. Juli bis Septem-ber 1923. Single sheet, folding, lithographed in yellow, redand blue. Fully opened: 200 x 598 mm. (7 7/8 x 23 1/2 inch-es). Self-wraps., folding (as issued). Lrg. oblong 4to. Brilliantly designed by Schlemmer, with his famous profilecomposition on the front cover, and elaborately deployedcolor typography throughout, this prospectus for the firstBauhaus exhibition is one of the most appealing of allBauhaus ephemera. It is also a great rarity, as the edi-tionwhich contains a manifesto by Schlemmer with theprovocative exhortation that the school become a Cathe-dral of Socialismwas suppressed by the Bauhaus Meis-terrat for political reasons. This is one of a handful ofcopies which had already gone into circulation, causing anuproar, before the edition was destroyed. Matted (open).Discreet vertical foldlines, indetectibly reinforced byChrista Gaehde; slightest wear; a very fine example.Weimar, 1923. $9,500.00 Fleischmann p. 73ff.; Bauhaus-Archiv: Das A und das Odes Bauhauses (Berlin, 1995) no. 21, illus. 47-50; Staats-galerie Stuttgart: Oskar Schlemmer (1977), no. 526
SEE COVERS29(TEIGE) Nezval, VteslavPraha s prsty deste. Oblka, frontispice, a typografickprava: Karel Teige. Vazba: Frantisek Muzika. 204, (2)pp.3 collage illustrations (1 halftone plate) by Teige, including
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frontispiece and pictorial title-page; 1 lettrine (Teige).Typography by Teige. Lrg. 8vo. Dec. wraps., designed byTeige, printed in pink and black. Acetate d.j. Teiges col-lage illustrations for this collection of poems by Nezval area classic instance of the Surrealist fascination with hands:gigantic hands holding a violin through the window of anapartment; an obsessional image of hands washing;hands tilting open a faade, with keys and a fantasticalfemale cyclops. A fine copy.Praha (Fr. Borovy), 1936. $500.00 Primus 274, illus. 215, 217
30TSCHICHOLD, JANFilm und Foto. Werkbund-Ausstellung, Stuttgart 1929.(4)pp. (single sheet, folding). Jan Tschicholds beautifullydesigned prospectus for the famous exhibition (which alsosaw the publication of Tschicholds and Franz Rohs Foto-Auge).Stuttgart  $450.00
31VORDEMBERGE-GILDEWART, FRIEDRICHMillimeter und Geraden. (24)pp., printed on white Hol-land van Gelder and pink Pannekoek Renaissancepapers. 3 tipped-in halftone plates; 1 line-drawn com-position (reprinted on front cover). Folio. Portfolio: allcontents loose, as issued, within dec. wrapper,designed by the artist. Glassine d.j. (chips).Vorzugsausgabe: one 10 copies signed and num-bered in the colophon by Vordemberge-Gildewart,the from limited edition of 85 copies in all (including 10hors commerce). The Dutch artist Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart (1899-1962), a member of De Stijl, Abstraction-Cration, andSchwitters Ring Neue Werbegestalter, was a pioneer of
modernist typography, as well as a painter. This beauti-fully designed volume of poems and Constructivistdrawings and paintingsdedicated to the white line inmy yellow paintingwas privately published byVordemberge-Gildewart himself during the war, whileworking on a series of large paintings in a new tonalitywhich greatly excited him. According to the Wiesbadencatalogue, part of the edition was destroyed, and copieswere already very scarce by the end of the war, suchthat in 1946 the artist wrote Kurt Schwitters saying thathe hoped he could put together one for him from loosesheets, since the edition itself was entirely gone. A littlelight wear.Amsterdam (The Artist), 1940. $4,000.00 Typographie kann unter Umstnden Kunst sein:Vordemberge-Gildewart Typographie und Werbegestal-tung (Landesmuseum Wiesbaden, 1990), no. T440
32VORDEMBERGE-GILDEWART, FRIEDRICHpoque nerlandaise. Prface: Jean Arp. (Collection di-tions Duwaer. 2.) (36)pp., 25 tipped-in plates (12 color;several folding). 17 illus. hors texte. Sm. folio. Portfolio:signatures loose, as issued. Wraps. Glassine d.j. Anunnumbered copy, from the limited edition of 300. Letter-press typography by the artist. Texts by Friedrich Vordem-berge-Gildewart (including his significant abstrakt-konkret-absolut), Ozenfant, Vantongerloo, Van Doesburgand others, in German, French and English. A superblydesigned volume, published in memory of Frans Duwaer.Ex libris on front flyleaf.Amsterdam (ditions Duwaer), 1949. $1,650.00 Typographie kann under Umstnden Kunst sein.Vordemberge-Gildewart Typographie und Werbegestal-tung (Landesmuseum Wiesbaden, 1990), p. 42, T444(with 6 illus.)
33WENDINGENMaandblad voor bouwen en sieren van Architectura etAmicitia. Onder redactie van J. Gratama, R.N. RolandHolst, H. Th. Wijdeveld, J.B. van Loghem, W.M. Dudok, etal. Vols. I-XII, 1918-1931, in 116 issues (all published).Most prof. illus. Large folding woodcut enclosure by C. A.Lion Cachet, printed on tissue, loosely inserted, as issued,in Vol. II, No. 7/8 (often lacking). Sm. sq. folio. Dec.wraps., stitched with raffia, as issued. Japanese-bound.The series is housed in a set of six fitted clamshell cases(heavy boards, 1/4 blue leather with gilt red leatherlabels). Edition of between 650 and 1300 copies. Texts byJ. Badovici, P. Behrens, A. Behne, H.P. Berlage, E. Gor-don Craig, A.M. Hammacher, J. Hoffmann, J. v. Krimpen,J.L.M. Lauweriks, R. Mallet-Stevens, E. Mendelsohn, C.Morgenstern, L. Mumford, G.J. Nathan, J.J.P. Oud, H.Poelzig, R.N. Roland Holst, A. Roller, L.H. Sullivan, F.L.Wright, H. Th. Wijdeveld, et al. Cover designs by E. Lis-sitzky, Lauweriks (2), Roland Holst (7), J. Toorop, Wijde-veld (11), S. Jesserun de Mesquita, J. Gidding, W. Dudok(2), V. Huszar and others.A complete run of the highly important, beautifullydesigned review, famous primarily for its focus on modernarchitecture and design. Special numbers on Frank LloydWright (in seven issues), Hoffmann, Mendelsohn, EileenGray, Toorop (2), Klimt, Berlages project for the HaagsGemeentemuseum, Zadkine, Rivera, Feininger, ThornPrikker, woodcuts, ancient oriental art and architecture,worker housing, Kristallen, wonderformen der natuur,scenography, and many other subjects. The magnificentLissitzky cover for Vol. IV No. 2 is one of his greatestcompositions. We quote at length from Stephen Hellers discussion ofthe review in Merz to Emigre and Beyond: In Holland, the birthplace of De Stijl, modernism took var-ious routes that ran the aesthetic gamut from hybridizedArt Nouveau to systematic rationalism. Somewhere
between these poles was the magazine Wendingen(Upheaval), one of the principal sources for chronicling thehistory of twentieth-century design and architecture. Pub-lished between 1918 and 1931, virtually all of its 116issues were edited and designed by Hendrik TheodorusWijdeveld (1885-1989), a Dutch architect and designerwho trained under Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright. Influ-enced by Nieuwe Kunst (Dutch Art Nouveau), Wendin-gen was resolutely eclectic in design and content, andgave equal coverage to Expressionist, individualist andeven mystical sensibilities. In contrast to Van DoesburgsDe Stijl (which pre-empted Wendingen by threemonths), Wijdevelds journal was superficially extrava-gant, unrepentantly decorative and devoutly geometricyet totally avant-garde.Wendingen was printed in an unprecedented square for-mat (34.25 cm., 13 1/2 in.) on high-grade paper; eachpage was on one side of a sheet that was folded into twopages in a Japanese block-bookbinding process. Thoughit did not advance orthodox New Typography, Wendingenpublished covers by some of the movements principaldesignersamong them, El Lissitzky, for an issue onFrank Lloyd Wright, and De Stijl artist Vilmos Huszr forone on Diego Rivera. In his own typographic concoctions,Wijdeveld shared certain methods with Constructivistsand Dadaists, using printers materials to build quirky let-ter forms. His idiosyncratic evocation of expressive mod-ernism was referred to as the Wendingen style or Lin-ear School, yet its influence barely went beyond theNetherlands. Even though Wendingen spanned the watershed ofEuropean modernism, Wijdevelds world vision placed it atodds with the more ideologically orthodox avant-gardegroups. Wijdevelds distnctive architectonic layout andrectilinear type design provided a forum for a wide rangeof the editors concerns, from Art Deco to Javanese orna-ment, from architecture to political cartoon. While the inte-rior format of Wendingen was more or less consistent,the cover design changed constantly. Architects andgraphic artists alike were invited to design, illustrate, andcompose covers that expressed different schools andnational or folk origins. However Wijdevelds own covers,whether for a series devoted to the architect Wright or toErich Mendelsohn, were rendered in his blocky, emblem-atic typographical style that often came under harsh criti-cism for its illegibility. Despite (or perhaps because of) itsexcesses, Wendingen was one of the most progressivemagazines of its time, a work of art, wrote historian AlstonPurvis. It differed from other avant-garde publicationssuch as De Stijl... in that it was a vehicle for the message,rather than the message itself. The magazine was abridge between the disorder of the previous century andthe new centurys design. It advanced the grand notion ofGesamtkunstwerkthat all art fed a common functionalpurposebut was none the less an alternative to the strictrationalism of the orthodox modernists. Fine conditionthroughout, on the whole; occasional light chipping anddustiness; the Lissitzky cover in attractive condition; onenumber (Vol. XII No. 6) in the deluxe issue, in boards.Amsterdam, 1918-1931. $30,000.00 Firenze. Palazzo Medici-Riccardi: Wendingen 1918-1931.Documenti dellarte olandese del Novecento (1982); LeCoultre, Martijn F.: Wendingen: A Journal for the Arts,1918-1932 (Princeton, 2001); Heller, Steven: Merz to Emi-gre and Beyond (London/New York, 2003), p. 98ff. (illus.)
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