20140408 digital newspapers collections [idlc kuala lumpur]

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All about historic newspapers digitization at the 2014 International Digital Library Conference in Kuala Lumpur 8-Apr-2014.

Transcript of 20140408 digital newspapers collections [idlc kuala lumpur]

  • digital newspaper collections: if you build one, who will visit? Frederick Zarndt IFLA Newspapers Section frederick@frederickzarndt.com @cowboyMontana hashtag #IFLAnewspaper
  • about digital newspapers programs collections users / crowdsourcing San Francisco Call 21 April 1906
  • why digitize newspapers? News is only the first rough draft of history. Alan Barth writing for 1943 Washington Post Wikipedia contributors, Alan Barth," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Alan_Barth (accessed March 2014).
  • to preserve to provide access why digitize newspapers?
  • newspapers are deteriorating microfilm is dissolving no storage space or space is too expensive
  • newspapers are deteriorating microfilm is dissolving no storage space or space is too expensive
  • newspapers are deteriorating microfilm is dissolving no storage space or space is too expensive
  • newspapers are deteriorating microfilm is dissolving no storage space or space is too expensive
  • the principal reason to digitize newspapers is to provide non-destructive, universal access to newspapers for as many users as possible
  • PhotobyDAVIDILIFF.License:CC-BY-SA3.0 readingrooms bythenumbers* Monthly average Visitors Requests for Newspapers Population Reading Room Microform Print Australia 22,876,000 5,130 345 240 France 65,350,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 Netherlands 16,847,000 NA NA NA New Zealand 4,414,000 NA NA NA Norway 4,985,000 600 400 NA Singapore 5,184,000 NA 300 NA UK 62,262,000 2,000 6,900 4,816 USA 313,292,000 NA NA NA *numbers from 2012
  • physical versus digital monthly averages 2012 requests for newspapers digitised historical newspapers population paper + microform unique visitors 22,876,000 585 150,000 37,692,000 NA 12,800 5,405,000 NA NA 65,350,000 3,000 22,000 16,847,000 NA 50,000 4,414,000 NA 83,333 4,985,000 400 1,500 5,184,000 300 12,400 62,262,000 11,716 NA 313,292,000 NA NA
  • Image from http://www.visualinsight.net/nc/gallery/pages/e-Preservation.html newspaper digitization is expensive newspaper digitization is complicated digital preservation is expensive digital preservation is untested BUT
  • programs
  • programs National Cooperative Individual
  • national: a single (national) library which funds and manages a national newspapers digitization program. Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand Newspaper SG, National Library of Singapore Historiallinen Sanomalehtikirjasto, National Library of Finland and others programs
  • national: centrally funded and centrally managed program with several participants. strict standards for participants. National Digital Newspaper Program (Library of Congress) Australian Newspaper Digitisation Program programs
  • cooperative: organizations collaborate to achieve a common goal but digitization programs are managed separately. flexible standards. Europeana newspapers Digital Public Library of America programs
  • individual: organization digitizes on its own. may or, more usually, does not follow open standards. all commercial organizations. ProQuest Historical Newspapers Newspapers.com Newsbank many others programs
  • the design of a digitization program requires careful thought and must be adapted to local circumstances determine principal or targeted user demographic and use cases ask those who have gone before join the IFLA Newspapers Section! (ask me how) programs Image courtesy of Donald Zolan.
  • collections
  • as of Mar 2014 library collection ~size pages dates National Library of Australia Trove 12,668,000 1803-1995 California Digital Newspaper Collection CDNC 545,000 1846-2012 Naitonal Library of Finland Historical Newspaper Library 3,006,000 1771-1919 Bibliotheque nationale de France Gallica 2,200,000 1293-2000 Koninklijke Bibliotheek Historische Kranten 9,000,000 1618-1995 National Library of New Zealand Papers Past 3,109,000 1839-1945 National Library of Norway NBDigital Aviser 12,000,000 1763-2012 Singapore National Library Newspaper SG 2,400,000 1831-2009 British Library British Newspaper Archive 7,598,000 1710-1954 Library of Congress Chronicling America 7,293,000 1836-1922 digital historic newspaper collections
  • 1 1,000 1,000,000 AustralianNewspapers Books Picturesandphotos JournalArticles Musicsoundandvideo Maps Archivedwebsites Diaries,letters,archives Peopleandorganisations unique visits page views 2013 monthly averages
  • 0 1,500,000 3,000,000 4,500,000 6,000,000 AustralianNewspapers Books Picturesandphotos JournalArticles Musicsoundandvideo Maps Archivedwebsites Diaries,letters,archives Peopleandorganisations unique visits page views 2013 monthly averages
  • 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 NewspaperSG Infopedia iRememberSG unique visits number of visits page views 2013 monthly averages
  • February 2014 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 Papers Past National Library except Papers Past 517,823 2,527,926 53,897123,889 unique visits page views
  • 2013 monthly averages 0%10% 90% Historic Cambridge Newspapers (1846-1923) Cambridge City Directories (1848 - 1910) Cambridge Chronicle (August 2005 to present)
  • users
  • Newspaper collection user survey California Digital Newspaper Collection and Cambridge Public Library published a user survey in Mar 2013 604 / 32 responses surveys are (mostly) identical except for organization name
  • User demographic: genealogists and family historians
  • User demographic: no spring chickensX
  • User demographic: reasons for use
  • User demographic: types of information
  • 72% visit UDN for genealogical research 20% visit for various other types of historical research 87% find obituaries useful Over 60% find the other genealogical article types (birth and wedding announcements) useful Only 7% do not find genealogical articles useful Many are writing family histories and consequently also look for general background information Older content is much more highly valued than more recent content (see more detailed explanation that follows) 44% find smaller, rural papers more useful, while only 15% find larger, metropolitan papers more useful Utah Digital Newspapers: 2012 user survey John Herbert and Randy Olsen. Small town papers: still delivering the news. WLIC 2012, Helsinki Finland. http://conference.ifla.org/past-wlic/2012/119- herbert-en.pdf
  • The typical Trove user is a very well educated, highly paid, English speaking employed woman aged fifty or over, with a significant or primary interest in family or local history, who visits the Trove website very frequently. Users of Trove newspapers are older than the average Trove user; only 13% of newspaper users are under 40 years or age. Marie-Louise Ayres. Singing for their supper: Trove, Australian newspapers, and the crowd. WLIC 2013,Singapore. http:// library.ifla.org/245/1/153-ayres-en.pdf. Engaged users: who are they?
  • Many of Troves user engagement features are very popular. More than 100,000 users have registered to date, and more than 2 million tags and nearly 60,000 comments had been added [Trove] text correction, however, stands head and shoulders above any other user engagement features. Marie-Louise Ayres. Singing for their supper: Trove, Australian newspapers, and the crowd. WLIC 2013,Singapore. http:// library.ifla.org/245/1/153-ayres-en.pdf. Engaged users: who are they?
  • Crowdsourcing is the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, and especially from an online community, rather than from traditional employees or suppliers. ... [It] is different from ordinary outsourcing since it is a task or problem that is outsourced to an unde