2008 imci chart booklet

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Transcript of 2008 imci chart booklet

  • 1.INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OFDepartment of Child and AdolescentHealth and Development (CAH) CHILDHOOD ILLNESSSICK YOUNG INFANT AGED UP TO 2 MONTHSCHILD AGED 2 MONTHS UP TO 5 YEARSTREAT THE CHILD, continued ASSESS, CLASSIFY AND TREAT THE SICK YOUNG INFANT Give Extra Fluid for DiarrhoeaASSESS AND CLASSIFY THE SICK CHILD and Continue Feeding Assess, Classify and Identify TreatmentAssess, Classify and Identify Treatment Plan A: Treat for Diarrhoea at Home....................... 14 Check for Severe Disease and Local Infection.....................................24Plan B: Treat for Some Dehydration with ORS........ 14Then check for Jaundice .....................................................................25Check for General Danger Signs..................................2 Plan C: Treat for Severe Dehydration Quickly......... 15Then ask: Does the young infant have diarrhoea? ......................................26Then Ask About Main Symptoms: Then check for Feeding Problem or Low Weight for Age.27 Does the child have cough or difficult breathing? .............2Give Follow-up CareThen check the young infants immunization status. ............................28 Does the child have diarrhoea? ....................................3Pneumonia ............................................................. 16Assess Other Problems ..............................................................................28 Does the child have fever? ..........................................4 Does the child have an ear problem? ............................5Dysentery ............................................................... 16Treat the Young Infant and Counsel the MotherThen Check for Malnutrition and Anaemia....................6Persistent diarrhoea................................................ 16Malaria ................................................................... 17Intramuscular antibiotics..29Then Check the Childs Immunization Status ...............7Fever malaria unlikely........................................... 17 Treat the young infant to prevent low blood sugar..29Assess Other Problems ...............................................7Measles with eye or mouth complications 17 Keep the young infant warm on the way to hospital...30Ear Infection .......................................................... 18 Oral antibiotic30TREAT THE CHILDFeeding problem................................................... . 18 Treat local infections at home.31Teach the mother to give oral drugs at home:Anaemia ................................................................ 18 Correct positioning and attachment for breastfeeding32 Oral Antibiotic.........................................................8Pallor 18 Teach mother how to express breast milk ...32 Ciprofloxacin ..........................................................8Very Low Weight .................................................... 18 Teach mother how to feed by cup......33 Iron .......................................................................9Severe uncomplicated malnutrition .18Teach the mother to keep the low weight infant warm at home33 Co-artemether .......................................................9 Advice mother to give home care to the young infant....34 Bronchodilator........................................................9 COUNSEL THE MOTHERTeach the Mother to Treat Local Infections at HomeAssess the feeding of sick infants ........................... 19 Give Follow-up Care for the Sick Young InfantFeeding Recommendations .................................... 20 Clear the ear by dry wicking and give eardrops ....10Local Bacterial Infection................................................................................ 35Counsel the mother about feeding Problems .......... 21 Treat for mouth ulcers and thrush ........................10 Jaundice....................................................................................................... 35Counsel the mother about her own health............... 22 Soothe throat, relieve cough with safe remedy....10Diarrhoea...................................................................................... ............. 35Advise mother to increase fluids during illness........ 23 Treat eye infection .10 Feeding Problem .......................................................................................... 36Advise mother when to return to health worker 23Low Weight for age....................................................................................... 37Advise mother when to return immediately ............. 23Give Preventive Treatments in ClinicThrush.......................................................................................... .............. 37Vitamin A 11Mebendazole ....11 Recording Forms: Sick Child .....................................................................38Give Emergency Treatment in Clinic only Sick young infant ........................................................39 Quinine for severe malaria ...................................12 Intramuscular Antibiotic .......................................12 Diazepam for convulsions ..... 12 Treat low blood sugar ..........................................13

2. ASSESS AND CLASSIFY THE SICK CHILDAGED 2 MONTHS UP TO 5 YEARS ASSESSCLASSIFYIDENTIFY TREATMENT ASK THE MOTHER WHAT THE CHILDS PROBLEMS ARE Determine whether this is an initial or follow-up visit for this problem. - if follow-up visit, use the follow-up instructions on TREAT THE CHILD chart - if initial visit, assess the child as follows: CHECK FOR GENERAL DANGER SIGNS ASK: LOOK: Is the child able to drink or breastfeed? See if the child is lethargic or unconscious. Does the child vomit everything? Is the child convulsing now? USE ALL BOXES THAT MATCH THE Has the child had convulsions? CHILDS SYMPTOMS AND PROBLEMSTO CLASSIFY THE ILLNESS.A child with any general danger sign needs URGENT attention; complete the assessment andany pre-referral treatment immediately so that referral is not delayed.THEN ASK ABOUT MAIN SYMPTOMS:SIGNSCLASSIFY ASTREATMENT(Urgent pre-referral treatments are in bold print)Does the child have cough or difficult breathing? IF YES, LOOK, LISTEN, FEEL: Any general danger sign or Give first dose of an appropriate antibioticSEVERE ASK:Classify Refer URGENTLY to hospital* Chest indrawing orPNEUMONIACOUGH orOR VERY For how Count the breathsDIFFICULT Stridor in a calm child } SEVERE DISEASElong?in one minute. CHILDBREATHING Look for chest indrawing.MUSTGive oral antibiotic for 3 daysBE CALM Fast breathing Look and listen for stridor. If wheezing (even if it disappeared after rapidly acting PNEUMONIAbronchodilator) give an inhaled bronchodilator for 5 days** Look and listen for wheezing.Soothe the throat and relieve the cough with a safe remedy If wheezing and either fast breathing or chest indraw- If coughing for more than 3 weeks or if having recurrent ing: Give a trial of rapid actingwheezing, refer for assessment for TB or asthma inhaled bronchodilator for up to Advise the mother when to return immediately three times 15-20 minutesFollow-up in 2 days apart. Count the breaths and look for chest indrawing again, No signs of pneumoniaIf wheezing (even if it disappeared after rapidly acting and then classify.or very severe diseaseCOUGH OR COLDbronchodilator) give an inhaled bronchodilator for 5 days**Soothe the throat and relieve the cough with a safe remedyIf the child is: Fast breathing is:If coughing for more than 3 weeks or if having recurrent2 months up50 breaths per wheezing, refer for assessment for TB or asthmato 12 months minute or moreAdvise mother when to return immediately12 months up 40 breaths perFollow up in 5 days if not improvingto 5 years minute or more2*If referral is not possible, manage the child as described in Integrated Management of Childhood Illness,**In settings where inhaled bronchodilator is not available, oral salbutamol may be the second choiceTreat the Child, Annex: Where Referral Is Not Possible, and WHO guidelines for inpatient care. 3. Two of the following signs: If child has no other severe classification:Does the child have diarrhoea?- Give fluid for severe dehydration (Plan C) OR Lethargic or unconscious Sunken eyesIf child also has another severe classification: Not able to drink or drinking poorly SEVERE - Refer URGENTLY to hospital with mother for DEHYDRATION giving frequent sips of ORS on the way Skin pinch goes back very slowly. DEHYDRATION- Advise the mother to continue breastfeeding If child is 2 years or older and there is cholera in your area,IF YES,LOOK AND FEEL:give antibiotic for choleraASK: Look at the childs general condition. Two of the following signs:Give fluid, zinc supplements and food for some dehydration Is the child: (Plan B) For how long? - Lethargic or unconscious? Restless, irritable Sunken eyes SOME If child also has a severe classification: Is there blood - Restless and irritable? Drinks eagerly, thirstyDEHYDRATION- Refer URGENTLY to hospital with motherin the stool? Skin pinch goes back slowly giving frequent sips of ORS on the way Look for sunken eyes.Advise the mother to continue breastfeeding Offer the child fluid. Is the child:Classify Advise mother when to return immediately - Not able to drink orDIARRHOEAFollow-up in 5 days if not improving. drinking poorly? - Drinking eagerly, thirsty?Not enough signs to classify as some NOGive fluid, zinc supplements and food to treat diarrhoea at home Pinch the skin of the abdomen. or severe dehydrationDEHYDRATION (Plan A) Does it go back:Advise mother when to return immediately - Very slowly (longer thanFollow-up in 5 days if not improving. 2 seconds)? - Slowly? and if diarrhoea for Dehydration present SEVERE Treat dehydration before referral unless the child has another 14 days or morePERSISTENT severe classificationDIARRHOEARefer to hospital No dehydrationPERSISTENT Advise the mother on feeding a child who has PERSIST