11 2 Producing Nursery Crops

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Transcript of 11 2 Producing Nursery Crops

  • 1.Producing Nursery Crops Term: Nursery Crops Plant:Clematis

2. Clematis

  • Deciduous Vine
  • Many Varieties
  • USDA Zone 4 9
  • Height 10-12
  • Blooms mid summer white, pink, purple
  • Full Sun
  • Propagate from soft or semi-softwood cuttings
  • Needs a support and wire to grow on
  • Grows best of roots are shaded

3. Nursery Crops

  • Perennial plants grown for the landscape industry.
  • Includes trees, shrubs and ground covers, but usually not flowers (usually greenhouse crops)
  • Can be large or small operations.

4. Types of Nurseries

  • Field Grown
  • Container Grown

5. Field (in ground) nursery vs. Container nursery

  • Nursery plants grown in maintained garden plots need good quality site
  • Trees grow better, no blow-over
  • Less water & labor intensive
  • Can be balled & burlap or bare-root
  • Only small plants can be harvested as bare-root
  • Only harvest when dormant
  • Trees require large specialized equipment
  • Product is heavy and field soil must be replaced

6. Bareroot Plants

  • Grow in very loose medium
  • Very common for forestry trees
  • Plants sold at 2 or 3 years old
  • Harvest when dormant plant before emerge in spring

7. Root growth

  • Growing field nursery plants requires special knowledge and care of the root systems
  • Different plants have different shaped roots
  • Few trees or shrubs have tap roots

8. Tree Spade 9. Container Nursery

  • Requires less land than field nursery
  • Shorter production cycle (6 mos 2 years)
  • Daily irrigation is required
  • Harvest year round
  • Must protect from extreme heat and cold
  • More efficient for small shrubs
  • Need ground cover for weed control
  • Easier to use fertigation system

10. New methods

  • In-ground fabric containers (grow bags)
    • Allow moisture exchange with soil
    • Insulate against extreme temperatures
  • Pot in pot
    • Large pot is sunk into the ground and a smaller containerized stock is grown inside ofthe larger
  • Cellugro
    • Uses cells instead of containers

11. Scale

  • Homeowner part-time
  • Large industry
  • Link

12. Containers

  • 1 gallon is standard size for most small perennials
  • Sized from 1 to 45 gallons
  • #10 pot holds about 10 gallons

13. Meadow Farms

  • Meadows Farms, Inc. is one of the largest independently owned nursery and garden centers in the country
  • 23 retail locations
  • 750 employees, and a
  • Landscape facility housing 39 designers and sending out over 70 crews a day.
  • A nursery growing operation,

14. Web Exercise

  • Go to:http://www.vnla.org/
  • Look up the growers in Virginia
  • Find a grower
  • Find 3 plants they are growing
  • Make a PowerPoint Slide
  • Paste a picture and a description of the plants
  • Find how it is propagated
  • Find the retail price
  • Estimate how long it will take it to reach this size
    • (Mrs. Ross and I will help)