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Know Thy Know Thy ““Cell”fCell”f
Chemistry of Chemistry of Life!Life!
Draw a simple diagram of each of the four main organic compunds (=macromolecules) that make up organisms.
Which chemical Which chemical reactions reactions
polymerize and polymerize and depolymerize depolymerize compounds?compounds? RETURN
What determines the primary What determines the primary structure of a protein?structure of a protein?
What do we call the unique 3-D What do we call the unique 3-D shape of a protein? What do shape of a protein? What do we call it when proteins lose we call it when proteins lose
their shape?their shape?
Draw/describe hydrogen bonds in water? What are the properties of water that
flow from those bonds?
Draw a few water molecules bonded together. How do they bond to each other? What are the properties of water that flow from this glorious chemistry? (pun intended………)
Which of the following are true Which of the following are true regarding unsaturated fats?regarding unsaturated fats?
a.a.They have more than twice the energy They have more than twice the energy per unit mass of other non-lipid per unit mass of other non-lipid compounds.compounds.b.b. they have double covalent bonds they have double covalent bonds
between carbon atoms.between carbon atoms.c.c.They have less hydrogen atoms as a They have less hydrogen atoms as a
result of item b.result of item b.d.d. they are more common in animals they are more common in animals
than plants.than plants.e.e.They are less dense because the fatty They are less dense because the fatty
acids are more kinked than sat. fats.acids are more kinked than sat. fats. RETURN
What do What do lysosomes do? lysosomes do? How do they do How do they do what they do? what they do?
What cell types What cell types have a Lot of have a Lot of
Lysosome actionLysosome action
Describe the main Describe the main differences (5 differences (5 min.) between min.) between
prokaryotes and prokaryotes and eukaryotes.eukaryotes.
Describe 3 Describe 3 differences between differences between
plant and animal plant and animal cells. Where’s the cells. Where’s the
DNA inside of DNA inside of eukaryotic cells?eukaryotic cells?
Describe the make up of cell Describe the make up of cell membranes. Where do you membranes. Where do you
find them in eukaryotes? find them in eukaryotes? What makes one membrane What makes one membrane
different from another?different from another?
Describe the Describe the endomembrane endomembrane
system. What kind of system. What kind of proteins might travel proteins might travel through this system?through this system?RETURN
DAILY DOUBLE (worth $1000!!!)DAILY DOUBLE (worth $1000!!!)
Compare/contrast Compare/contrast viruses and viruses and
Describe the Describe the genetics of genetics of bacteriabacteria..
Name 10 pathogenic Name 10 pathogenic bacteria and the bacteria and the
diseases they causediseases they cause
Name 10 viral Name 10 viral diseases.diseases.
Daily double!!!Daily double!!!
(worth 1000 (worth 1000 points)points)
What prokaryotic What prokaryotic structures are most structures are most relevant to antibiotic relevant to antibiotic resistance and why?resistance and why?
What blood What blood type(s) can an O type(s) can an O positive person positive person receive? Why is receive? Why is
Type AB blood the Type AB blood the universal universal recipient?recipient?
Connect the right Connect the right stuff to the right stuff to the right
Helper -T Coordinates entire
MHC I from APC’s
Cytotoxic-T Fights infected cells
Recognizes MHC II from any cell
Plasma-B cell Secretes antibodies to fight
Recognizes antigen and helper T’s
List 5 leukocytes and List 5 leukocytes and what they do.what they do.
Contrast Innate Contrast Innate vs. Acquired vs. Acquired
Immunity and Cell-Immunity and Cell-Mediated vs. Mediated vs.
Humoral immunityHumoral immunity
When Jenner When Jenner successfully used successfully used the cowpox virus the cowpox virus
to vaccinate to vaccinate against smallpox, against smallpox, why did it work?why did it work?
Describe in words Describe in words the complexity of the complexity of protein structure protein structure
and give 5 examples and give 5 examples of proteins and their of proteins and their
functions in the functions in the body. body.