10 Pallava and Chola - Mahabalipuram

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    Vcnuh QhbwlhvBocoeolwxuob

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    O vboll n{i `i Moifc`wxuob, Bocoeol wxuob `v o ;c fhixup wnu f`p

    uxlha ep ch Wollotovlnfoha vuohk`follp 47 mb o{op dunb Fchiio Qch wlofhv ko`iv v iobh dunb ch M`ik Bocoeol {cn uxlha chuhBocoeol wxuobv Vcnuh Qhbwlh, exl `i ch 3c fhixup FH xiahu ch

    uh`ki nd Iouovbcotouboi @@, voiav o ch vcnuh nd ch Eop nd Ehikol

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    V`shhi boi"boah fothv oia bninl c`f vuxfxuhv, `i a ddhuhivokhv nd fnbwlhni ouh vfohuha cunxkc Bocoeolwxuob, ex chbnv fnbwlhh nd ch i`ih uocovouh `i o kunxw, iobha odhu chd th Woiaotoeunchuv nd ch Bocoecouoo oia ouh vxoha o chvnxchui wou nd Bocoeol wxuob

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    Qch hbwlhv nd Bobollowxuob

    vcn{fovh ch bnthbhi dunb

    unfm"fx oufc`hfxuh n vuxfxuolex`la`ik

    Qch boiaowov nu wot l`niv oia ch

    uocov nu vcu`ihv vcowha ov hbwlhfcou`nv ouh ch{i dunb chkuoi`h unfm dofh

    Oll ex nih nd ch uocov dunb chd`uv wcovh nd Wolloto oufc`hfxuh ouh

    bnahllha ni ch Exaac`vt`couovnu bniovhu`hv oia fco pocollv{ c vhthuol fhllv ouuoikhaounxia o fnxupoua

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    Vcnuh Qhbwlh `v olvn ofmin{lhakha dnu eh`ik ch d uv vnih vuxfxuh boah ep Wollotov Ehdnuh c`v, chbnixbhiv xvha n eh foutha nx nd ch unfmv nu vnihv Xil mh nchu bnixbhiv nd ch uhkni, VcnuhQhbwlh `v o d`th"vnu`ha unfm"fx vuxfxuol hbwlh bnuh { ll iklp coi bninl c`fol @i vnxchui @ia`o, c`v `v

    nih obnikv ch houl hv oia bnv `bwnuoi vuxfxuol hbwlhv Qch vw`uh `v hshiv`thlp ahfnuoha {`cfout`ikv oia vfxlwxuhv @i ch uhfhi phouv, o vnih {oll cov ehhi fnivuxfha n wunhf ch vcu`ih dunbdxuchu vho"hunv`ni

    Qch hshu`nu {oll nd ch vcu`ih n Lnua T`vcix oia ch `ihuiol vah nd ch enxiaoup {oll ouh hloenuohlpfoutha oia vfxlwxuha Qch `bokhv ni ch vfxlwha woihlv ahw`f vfhihv dunb hthupaop l dh Cn{hthu, chvfxlwxuhv ouh `ifuha`elp uhol oia ou`v`f Qch hshu`nu {ollv nd ch hbwlh ouh vhkuhkoha ep wlovhuv `ineopv, {chuh ch ln{hu wou cov ehhi `bwuhvvha `in o vhu`hv nd ixuxu`ik l niv Qch oufchnlnkfolahwoubhi cov hsfotoha fhuo`i nchu d`kxuhv dunb ch v`h

    Vcnuh Qhbwlh `v in bnuh o l t`ik hbwlh Qch vuxfxuh nd ch hbwlh bomhv nih n fnihbwloh oiawhucowv, {ov huhfha eovfollp ov o {num nd ou Qch Wollotov {huh min{i n eh ch kuho wouniv nd ouoia {huh mhhi n fuhoh ch`u n{i vplh nd hbwlh oufc`hfxuh

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    Qch hkc uocov ouh bninl`c`f hbwlhvdovc`niha ov fcounv Qchp uhbo`i oioufc`hfxuol bpvhup, dnu hofc `vowwouhilp o do`cdxl uhwunaxf`ni nd o

    vuxfxuh ex l nd {nna @i dof, hthi chkuo`i nd ch `behu ehobv oia uodhuvcov ehhi v`bxloha `i vnih

    Qch loukhv `v ch Acoubouojo uocooia` vhv ch nih dnu ch nchuv Bnahllhani o Exaac`v t`couo nu bniovhup, vwnu v o vqxouh coll nwwha ep o toxl `ik

    unnd Qch Ecbo, Oujxio oia Iomxlo"Vocahtouocov ouh lhvvhu fnw`hv nd chAcoubouojo uoco

    Qch Auoxwoa` uoco`v ch vbollhv oiach qxo`ihv @ `v v`bwlh vuxfxuh,dovc`niha ov o cofcha cx enuiha nich eofmv nd hlhwcoiv oia l niv @ {ovwuneoelp ch dovf`b`lh nd o wnu oelht llokh vcu`ih

    Obnik ch uocov ouh cuhh loukhvfxlwxuhv: L`ni Hlhwcoi

    Ioia` exll

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    WoifcoWoiaotoUocov #Dth Fcou`nv) " d`th bninl c`fwpuob`aol vuxfxuhv iobha odhu ch Woiaotov #Acoubouojo,Ec`bo, Ou jxio, Iomxlo oia Vocoahto) oia Auoxwoa`

    Iomxl

    Acoubouoj

    Auoxwoa`Ec`bo

    Vocoahto

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    Auoxwoa` Uoco `v ch vbollhv nih

    Qc`v vcu`ih `v vcowha l mo o cofcha cx, {`co vqxouh unnd

    @ oia ch ihouep Ou jxio Uoco ouh ni o viklhwlodnub "xwo"w`cob, {c`fc olvn `v u`vha oiaoanuiha {`c d`kxuhv nd l niv oia hlhwcoiv

    Qc`v vcu`ih `v ahtnha n knaahvv Axuko

    Wnvvelp ch ehv nd chb `v o d ih fouthawoihl, {c`fc vcn{v Axuko ni o lnxv whahvol

    Knaahvv `v vxuunxiaha ep nchu fcouofhuv,`iflxa`ik o boi {c`fc `v wuhwou`ik n fx nddc`v choa ov o v`ki nd ahtnni

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    AcoubouojoUoqco

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    AcoubouojoUoqco

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    Acoubouoj Uoqco

    Qc`v uoco `v vcowha l mh o

    fcouofhu`v`f t`boio #n{hu oenth chvcu`ih) nd Vnxchui @ia`o nd `v `bhvbnv boki dfhi oia ollhv nd oll uocov,{`c cuhh vnuhphv

    Qch vcu`ih `v ahtnha n Vc`to oia `voanuiha {`c nih nd ch ehv hsobwlhv

    nd houlp Wollotowlov`f ou

    AcoubouojoUoco fnio`iv oi`ivfu`w`ni `i Wolloto" Kuoico vfu`w " `uhfnuav ch ` lhv nd Iouovbcotouboi @

    @ivfu`w`ni bhi`niv olvn co c`v {ov

    fuhoha ov Vc`to hbwlh ndOpoiomoboWolloto

    Fnlxbiv oia w lovhuv nd c`v uocoouhoanuiha {`c l`niv

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    Iomxlo"Vocoaht Uoco

    Qc`v vcu`ih `v ahtnha n @iauo oia `v ovvnf`oha {`chlhwcoiv

    Uoco uhwuhvhiv oi owvaol t`boio " cnuvhvcnh"vcowhavcu`ih, ` `v olbnv fnbwlhhaQch unnd nd c`v vcu`ih `v vcowha l mh o eofm nd hlhwcoi

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    Ec`boUoqco

    Qch lnikhvq nd oll uoqcov" `q `v ?5)3 b lnik, ;)6 b {`ah, ;)4 b ckc)

    Qc`v `v Knwxuo vqplh qhbwlh {`qc koelha unnd)Bnvq l mhlp qc`v uoqco {ov ahtnqha qn Oioiqvcop T`vcix)Qch voifqxoup nd qc`v vquxfqxuh cov o f`ufxboexloqnup wovvokh ounxia q)

    Qch dof co boip nd ch hbwlhv oia vfxlwxuhv nd Bobollowxuob ouh xid`i`vcha, wn`iv n ch vxaahi {`cauo{ol nd

    wouniokh dunb unfm"fx hbwlhv {chi M`ik Uojovbcotouboi fobh n wn{hu

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    Oujxio+vWhioifh

    Voa n coth ehhi `i C`bolopov, ch unfm vxudofh vcn{v fout`ikv nd oi`bolv Vnu `hv dunb ch woifcooiuo ouh ch vxejhfl ih Ou jxio ch nih obnik ch Woifc Woiaotoeunchuv oia bovhu `i oufchup a`a o u`knxunxv whioifh ni nih lhk n

    owwhovh Lnua Vc`to Ou jxio+v wuophuv {huh oiv{huha oia ch uhfh`tha ch wovcxwoovcovuo dnub Lnua Vc`to

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    T`vcix i m`aoico mnlob, Bobollowxuob, Qobl Ioax, @ia`o

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    AxukoQhbwlhO`cnlh, Fcolxmpoi Vplh

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    Qch oufc`hfxuh nd Houlp [hvhuiFcolxmpo uhdlhfv a`thuvh `idlxhifhvdunb ih`kcenu`ik ouhov Dnu hsobwlh,

    fxutha n{huv ahfnuoha {`c el`iaoufchv ouh dnxia `i fhiuol oia{hvhui @ia`o=

    w lovhuha {ollv {`c woihl `ivhuv ouho vnxchui @ia`oi vplh=

    {c lh ch Ahffoi vplh `iflxahv

    eolfnip vho`ik, oiklha hothv oiavlnw`ik unndv, oia hloenuohlp fouthafnlxbiv oia fh likv

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    Qch iobh %Axuko% uhdhuv n o dnu, in n ch knaahvv= owwouhilp o nih `bh ch ex la`ik {ov xvha ov o b l oup nxwnv#axuk) @ `v in min{i n {c`fc ah`p ch hbwlh {ov nu`k`iollp aha`foha

    ch lhd coll `v Auot`a`oi #v @ia`o)= ch b`aalh coll `v Uovcuomxoi= oia ch n{hu `v Ahffoi

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    Qch hbwlh+v xixvxol owvaol dnub `v cnxkc n`b`oh ch houl`hu Exaac`v fcopocollv Oi `iihu{oll nd v`b lou vcowh hiflnvhv ch voifxoup #wloi)Oi `ifnbwlhh n{hu whufchv ni ch unnd oenth

    ch voifxoup

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    Fnlxbi ahfnuoq`ni

    Hiuoifh Wnufc, AxukoQhbwlh, O`cnlh

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    Loac Mcoi QhbwlhO`cnlh, Fcolxmpoi Vplh

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    Loac Mcoi hbwlh fnivvv nd ovcu`ih {`c {n boiowov `i duni nd`

    Qch vcu`ih ehouv oVc`to l ikob Qchbxmco boiowo `i duni nd chvoifxb cov o vh nd ?5 foutha w llouv

    Qch voecoboiowo `i duni ndch bxmcoboiowo cov w`llouvouuoikha `i vxfc o boiihu ov n dnub

    {n fnifhiu`f vqxouhv

    Qchuh ouh olvn vnih ku`av ni ch{oll fouup`ik dlnuol ahvkiv

    Qch hbwlh `v ex l `i o Woifcopocoll vplh, ia`fo`ik o thup houlphswhu`bhi `i hbwlh fnivuxf`ni

    Qch {`ian{v ouh d`llha {`c lo`fhvplh {c`fc `v o inuc @ia`oi vplh

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    QoijotxuFcnlowhu`na

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    Uhdhuhihv:

    @ia`oi Oufc`hfxuh #Exaac`v $ C`iax) , Whufp Eun{iQch Bnixbhi oia ch L`t`ik Wuhvhifh= Qoijxtxu Euocoa`vtouo: Oi Oufc hfxuol Vxap, @KIFO

    cw:..hi{`m`wha`onuk.{`m`.O`cnlhcw:..{{{wozcvfnb.kollhup.Bocoeol wxuobcbcw:..uothl"wofmokhvau`vc` idnhfcih.uhl k`nxv"`ia`o.bocoeol wxuobcbl