1. Pronouns Study Sheet Elementary · PDF file Pronouns Study Sheet Personal pronouns...

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Transcript of 1. Pronouns Study Sheet Elementary · PDF file Pronouns Study Sheet Personal pronouns...

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    Pronouns Study Sheet Personal pronouns represent specific people or things. You use personal pronouns in place of the person or people that you are talking about. The pronoun can change if you are talking about singular or plural people or things. The pronoun can also change if you are talking about male or female, or the subject or object of the sentence. 1st person: If you are talking about yourself you almost always use ‘I’ or ‘me’, not your own name. 2nd person: When you are talking to someone else, you almost always use ‘you’, not their name. 3rd person: When are talking about another person called John for example, you may start with ‘John’ but then use ‘he’ or him’ etc.

    PERSONAL PRONOUNS

    number person gender PERSONAL PRONOUNS subject object

    singular

    1st male / female I me 2nd male / female you you

    3rd male he him

    female she her neuter it it

    plural

    1st male / female we us

    2nd male / female / neuter you you

    3rd male / female / neuter they them

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    PRONOUNS AND THE VERB ‘to be’

    PRONOUN to be

    When we are talking, we often use contractions with the verb ‘to be’.

    I am I’m

    You are You’re

    He / She / It is He’s / She’s / It’s

    We / They / You (plural) are We’re / They’re /

    You’re You use the word ‘not’ to make negative sentences with personal pronouns. Study the examples: I am not Spanish. With contraction: I’m not Spanish. He is not my brother. With contraction: He’s not my brother / He isn’t my brother. She is not my sister. With contraction: She’s not my sister / She isn’t my sister. They are not here. With contraction: They’re not here / They aren’t here. We are not English. With contraction: We’re not English / We aren’t English.

    DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: this, that, those, these The verb 'demonstrate' means: to show; to indicate; to point to. A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things. There are four demonstrative pronouns: Near in distance or time: this (singular), these (plural) Far in distance or time: that (singular), those (plural)

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    SUBJECT & OBJECT PRONOUNS Study the examples. The first column shows a subject pronoun, the second column shows an object pronoun.

    SUBJECT PRONOUN OBJECT PRONOUN

    I am lost. Can you help me?

    You work in my office. I know you.

    He rides a bike. Uncle Tom helps him.

    She speaks French. Does Sarah know her?

    It doesn’t work. The engineer will repair it.

    We live in a house. The neighbours don’t like us.

    You are great employees. The company needs you.

    They want to visit the temple. The tour guide helps them.

    SINGULAR, PLURAL & POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

    Possessive Pronouns are used to show possession of something. They can also be singular or plural.

    SINGULAR PLURAL

    subject object subject object

    1st person I me we us

    2nd person you you you you

    3rd person he, she, it him, her, it they them

    POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

    1st person my mine our/s our/s

    2nd person your/s your/s your/s your/s

    3rd person his, her/s, its his, her/s, its their/s their/s

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    Study the singular and plural possessive pronoun examples: My car is silver. Your flat is very nice. Her dress is beautiful. Its garden is very big. Their car hit the dog.

    That car is mine. My flat is not like yours. It is not our house, it is theirs. The garden is its best feature. They are not mine, they are his.

    *Note – The 1st and 2nd person possessive pronouns without ‘s’ need a noun to follow. When we are talking about a single thing, we usually use it. However, there are some exceptions. Sometimes people refer to an animal as he/him or she/her, particularly if the animal is a pet. Ships and some other types of vehicles are often described as female and referred to as she/her. Countries are also sometimes described as she/her. Study the examples.

    • This is our dog. He's an Alsatian. • The Titanic sank on her first voyage. • I love my car. She is like my wife. • Brazil shares her border with several countries.

    Sometimes we don't know if the person is male or female so we use they, for example.

    • If a new employee needs help, they can speak to the manager. We often use it to introduce a remark, for example:

    • It is very nice to meet you. • It's difficult to find a good job. • Is it always busy at this time? • It didn't take a long time to cook.

    We also often use it to talk about the weather, temperature, time and distance, for example:

    • It's raining. • It is a nice day today. • Is it nine o'clock? • It's 60 miles from London to Cambridge.

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    INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

    Interrogative Pronouns are used to ask questions. There are six interrogative pronouns: who, where, what, when, whose, which. ‘Why’ is also a question word and it is used to ask questions about reasons, but it is not an interrogative pronoun. Examples:

    • Who is used to ask questions about people… “Who is your favourite actor?”

    • Where is used to ask questions about places… “Where do you live?”

    • What is used to ask questions about things… “What is your favourite film?”

    • When is used to ask questions about time… “When is your birthday?”

    • Whose is used to ask questions about possession… “Whose phone is ringing?”

    • Which is used to ask questions about choice… “Which dress do you like?”