1 A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments: Jonassen’s Model ■ Charles Chill...

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Transcript of 1 A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments: Jonassen’s Model ■ Charles Chill...

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  • 1 A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments: Jonassens Model Charles Chill Dan Davenport Susan Genden Kenneth Gutman IT 6110 Winter 2005 Dr. Diroff
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  • 2 Introduction The four of us agreed to study Jonassens model, for our own individual reasons For Chuck who is in ISD: it seemed interesting once we started discussing it. For Dan as a media specialist: he builds on what a learner already knows and connects them to the tools that can help them learn more. Constructivism makes sense to him. For Ken an educational administrator: he says he has always believed in Constructivism. For Susan an artist and educator with a humanistic psychology background: a focus on experiential/student centered approaches to learning makes sense. Jonassens Model
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  • 3 Introduction Susan developed the Powerpoint, and will introduce and wrap up this presentation. Dan will be speaking to you about a comparison with the ADDIE Model and how it is cognitive. Ken will discuss the Jonassen Model in terms of what it is and isnt, what are some applications of this model, and what makes it unique. Chuck will discuss what the field says about this model, what are its strengths and weaknesses. Then we will have questions and finish up the following assignment together. Jonassens Model
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  • 4 Assignment: Put Your Feedback into A Poem One definition of a poem is: A composition in verse rather than in prose. In Constructivist style: your assignment TONIGHT is to create a group poem about this model, and each person here will write one line for it. After the slides, you will write down your line on an index card to add to the poem which we create together. Your line should include some comment about the presentation or model. Well return to this later. Jonassens Model
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  • 5 A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments (Jonassen) Jonassens Model
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  • 6 A Systems Approach? Is a set of interrelated parts Is purposeful (components working toward one common goal) Is organized Is hierarchical Jonassens Model
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  • 7 Is governed by processes Is cyclical (the system can be seen as a cycle of events) Is self regulating (using feedback the system adjusts/regulates itself) Yes, Jonassens Model reflects a systems approach A Systems Approach? continued Jonassens Model
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  • 8 What is the Correlation with ADDIE ? "...in constructivism the point is not to precisely transfer knowledge from the instructor to a group of learners but to facilitate the individual learner's ability to build on and extend existing knowledge within a given domain..." - Bill Brandon Jonassens Model
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  • 9 Correlation with ADDIE? A nalysis define WHAT is to be learned D esign Specify HOW it is to be learned S teps 1-3 ADDIEJonassen Model Jonassens Model
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  • 10 D evelopment Process of authoring & producing materials I mplementation Process of installing the project S teps 4-6 and A, B, C ADDIEJonassen Model Correlation with ADDIE? Jonassens Model
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  • 11 Correlation with ADDIE? E valuation Process of determining the impact of instruction M eaningful learning ADDIEJonassen Model Jonassens Model
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  • 12 Constructivism Is and Isnt Constructivism isn't an approach to learning that can be outlined in a flowchart and applied the same way to all learning, over and over; Constructivism is about how individuals create meaning and knowledge, by extending and modifying current personal knowledge and skills; and Constructivism is not a specific approach to design it's a way of thinking about design. - Bill Brandon Jonassens Model
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  • 13 Type of Model: Constructivist Great emphasis on learning environment Knowledge is constructed New information is interpreted in the context of the learners own experiences Meaning can be different for every learner The emphasis is on the learners role in knowledge construction Jonassens Model
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  • 14 Assessment of Learner Characteristics 1.1 Problem contextthe essential part of the problem 6 Social/Contextual Support accommodate environmental and contextual factors affecting successful implementation INTEGRAL Assessment of learner characteristics is INTEGRAL to this model owing to its constructivist roots Jonassens Model
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  • 15 Real World Applications In school Authentic instruction Authentic assessment Cooperative learning Problem based learning Jonassens Model
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  • 16 Real World Applications Simulations (NASA?) Socratic dialogue Microworld (simulated version of real-world task environment) Jonassens Model
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  • 17 What Makes this Model Unique? Constructivist models are inherently different There is a lack of rigidity/adherence to specific learning principles Jonassens Model
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  • 18 What Makes this Model Unique? Modeling, coaching, and scaffolding support the learner Modeling exists in two forms: behavioral modeling of the overt performance and cognitive modeling of the covert cognitive processes Jonassens Model
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  • 19 What Makes this Model Unique? Coaching is a process of motivating learners, analyzing their performance, and providing feedback on the performance. It helps regulate the learner's development of key skills [motivate, provoke, perturb]. Scaffolding is a systematic approach to support the learner [ZPD, restructure task, provide alternative assessment]. Jonassens Model
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  • 20 What Makes this Model Unique? learner The focus is on the learner above all else Jonassens Model
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  • 21 What Does the Field Say? Important to provide students with authentic experiences Students should be engaged in cognitive processes that reflect the real world counterpart Activity is not inherently authentic, but authentic in relation to some other activity Jonassens Model
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  • 22 Why Choose Jonassens Model? Mutual interest in Constructivism Respected model Interesting layout Jonassens Model
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  • 23 Strengths of Jonassens Model Provides a framework for supporting learners as they work on their own design problems Emphasizes hands-on problem solving Promotes using curricula customized to the students' prior knowledge Jonassens Model
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  • 24 Weaknesses of Jonassens Model Need access to: Information Tools Related Cases Software Support Jonassens Model
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  • 25 Weaknesses of Jonassens Model Smith and Ragan say a danger with Constructivism would be in eliminating statements of goals and objectives This could result in activity for activity's sake where only trivial learning takes place and not enough consideration is given to the goal
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  • 26 Questions Are there any other questions? WAIT! Were not quite done yet! Jonassens Model
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  • 27 Finish the Poem with Feedback Take a minute to finish your line of poetry, write it on your index card. Each card is numbered with the order in which it will be read. For example. Susans line might read: I will give this poem a start, Each person is to read their part of the poem OR, collect index cards and read later in class (depending on time) Also, how is this exercise an example of Jonassens Constructivist Model? Jonassens Model
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  • 28 Thank you! We thank you for participating