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Describe the picture or source here.
What does this recent survey in the Daily Telegraph reveal about popular attitudes towards prisons today?
What sorts of questions would historians ask before using a source like this?
Separate or Separate or silent?silent?
TBAT explain and evaluate TBAT explain and evaluate the differences between the differences between different approaches to different approaches to
prisons in C19th prisons in C19th
Key words: deterrent separate v silent system rehabilitate
Your Your tasktask
Watch the clip Watch the clip from Tony from Tony Robinson’s, Robinson’s, ‘Crime & ‘Crime & Punishment’ Punishment’ on Victorian on Victorian prisons and prisons and answer the answer the questionsquestions
Your taskYour task Read Wilkes (p.79-80) and take Read Wilkes (p.79-80) and take
notes on the characteristics of these notes on the characteristics of these two types of prisons:two types of prisons: SilentSilent SeparateSeparate
Which of these systems would Which of these systems would Elizabeth Fry and the prison Elizabeth Fry and the prison reformers prefer?reformers prefer?
SilentSilent Performance of boring Performance of boring
tasktask No communication No communication
with other prisonerswith other prisoners Examples of tasks, Examples of tasks,
treadmill, picking treadmill, picking oakum, crankoakum, crank
Prisoners wearing a peaked cap to
SeparateSeparate Solitary confinement Solitary confinement
within prison cellwithin prison cell Prison chaplain would try Prison chaplain would try
to convince prisoner to to convince prisoner to lead a better lifelead a better life
Pentonville (opened 1842) Pentonville (opened 1842) model ‘separate system’model ‘separate system’
Suicide rates were high & Suicide rates were high & system was expensivesystem was expensive Pentonville Prison plans
Your taskYour task Study the information in Source F on Study the information in Source F on
p.81. Decide if punishments got p.81. Decide if punishments got harsher or more humane and plot harsher or more humane and plot them on a chart. Explain your them on a chart. Explain your judgements. judgements. Prisons/
punishments getting tougher
Your taskYour task It is 1878. Imagine you are an MP. Write It is 1878. Imagine you are an MP. Write
a speech to Parliament setting out why a speech to Parliament setting out why you think government should take you think government should take control of prisons. Include the following:control of prisons. Include the following:
Description of silent and separate systemDescription of silent and separate system References of recent reforms of prisonsReferences of recent reforms of prisons Explanation of the purpose of prisons in Explanation of the purpose of prisons in
your view & why it is important for your view & why it is important for government to take control of prisonsgovernment to take control of prisons
Extension taskExtension task Conduct your own Conduct your own
research into research into Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham and his and his ‘Panopticon’ – ‘Panopticon’ – produce a factoid produce a factoid for your folder for your folder notesnotes