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Population of South Asia
Population of South AsiaTerms and DefinitionsPopulation pyramidbar graph that shows percentage of males and females and age groups in a country.
What can you tell about a population from a population pyramid?
Annual growth ratechange in population in one year
Birth rate - Death rate + Net Immigration
Growth rate can be positive, zero, or negative
FactsSouth Asia has three countries in the top ten for population (India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh)
22 percent of the world lives in South Asia
India has 1.1 billion people and is the 2nd most populous country in the world
Pakistan is 6th most populous and Bangladesh in the 7th most populous
PopulationIn 1947, Indias population was 300 million60 years later the population tripled.Why?Advances in medicineGreen RevolutionNew techniques for farming produced more grainso there were less famines and people lived longer lives
The FutureExperts predict that by 2030, India will have more people than China. By 2100, they believe India will be the only country to have 2 billion people. What are the consequences of having a large population?Widespread poverty1/4th of the worlds starving people live in India42.5% of Indias children are malnourishedIlliteracyIndia has 61% literacy rate; 48% for womenPakistan has 50% literacy rate, 32% for womenPoor Health CarePoor sanitation and limited health care servicesMothers often die in childbirth; many children to not survive to adulthood10SolutionsLets Have Smaller Families for a Stronger IndiaThe Indian government has pushed for smaller families since the 1950s, but it has had limited successWomen often marry before the age of 18Children are a source of incomePoor health care means children die young, so parents want to have more children to make sure some live to adulthood
EducationEducation provides children with knowledge and skills to move out of povertyFemales can find opportunities to work outside of the home and learn about family planning
BUTIndia has an incredibly weak public education system, especially for the poor. The schools are often crowded, lack teachers, and lack supplies
In parts of Pakistan, the Taliban ban education for women