أبو حنيفة النعمان Abu Hanifah نبذة عن حياة الأئمة الأربعة...

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Opinionالرأي Sunnahالسنة Quranالقرآن Textual Evidence الأثر MalikمالكAhmadأحمدShafe’iالشافعي Abu Hanifah أبو حنيفة

Transcript of أبو حنيفة النعمان Abu Hanifah نبذة عن حياة الأئمة الأربعة...

Abu Hanifah Lives of The Great Four Imams Abu Hanifah ( H) The School of Abu Hanifah (Hanafi School) Controversies around Abu Hanifah Students of Abu Hanifa Spread of hanafi School Opinion Sunnah Quran Textual Evidence MalikAhmadShafei Abu Hanifah Malik Ahmad Shafei Abu Hanifah Quran Sunnah Sunnah Sahaba Sahaba Sahaba Agreement Agreement Agreement Agreement Comparison Comparison Comparison Practice in Medina Sahaba Preference CommonPractice Comparison Preference Preserving Status Quo General Benefit MalikAhmad Shafei Abu Hanifah Sahaba Sahaba Sahaba Agreement AgreementAgreementAgreement Comparison ComparisonComparison Practice in Medina Sahaba Preference CommonPractice Comparison Preference Preserving Status Quo General Benefit Quran Sunnah Quran Sunnah Quran Sunnah Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School The First and Essential source. Quran Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School The Sunnah: Confirmation to Rulings of Quran. Explanation and detailing the Rulings of Quran. Detailing Rulings not mentioned in the Quran. Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School Sunnah: () The Prophet PBUH Companion Follower Narrator Narrator Text ChainOfNarration Authentication of Sunnah Repeatedly Connected () The Prophet PBUH Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Authentication of Sunnah Famous () The Prophet PBUH Narrator Companion Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Authentication of Sunnah Single Narration () The Prophet PBUH Narrator Companion Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Sources of Hanafi School Single Narration Hadith: Weighed the knowledge of the Narrators. Took the Single-narrated Hadith in general. Rejected some Single-narrated Hadiths if comparison is based on a stronger more authenticated Hadith. Authentication of Sunnah Loose-end Chain () The Prophet PBUH Narrator Companion Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Follower Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Narrator Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School Types of Sahabas rulings: Rulings of Sahabs where personal opinion is not a factor. (Accepted) Rulings where it is the opinion of the Sahabi based on knowledge. (Generally accepted) Rulings where there is a conflict among the Sahaba or based on personal preference. (Debated) SahabasRulings Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School Accepted in Hanafi School. Both types: Declared Agreement. Silence Agreement. Agreement Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Extrapolating a ruling on a new issue (branch) after a comparison with an original ruling (origin), because of mutual link in the reasoning behind the original ruling. Used heavily in the Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Comparison Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School . Preference: to leave the ruling of Comparison for a better reason. Accepted by Abu Hanifah. (Used by Ahmad and Malik. Rejected by Shafei) Example: Cleanliness of water used by meat- eating birds, compared with animals. Preference Sources of Hanafi School Sources of Hanafi School Sahaba Agreement Comparison Preference CommonPractice Quran Sunnah Sources of Hanafi School . Common Practice: Matters that are wide-spread in daily living affairs, accepted by intellectual and righteous people. Accepted by Abu Hanifah CommonPractice Controversies around Abu Hanifah Rulings on issues that have not occurred. Was Abu Hanifah weak in the knowledge of Hadith? Did Abu Hanifah prefer his opinion over textual evidence? Students of Abu Hanifah ( H) Abu Yusuf ( H) Muhammad bin Al-Hasan ( H) Zufar bin Huthayl ( H) Spread of Hanafi School. Abu Hanifah ( H)