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  • 1. 2727 Of MayOf MayAll-Russia day ofAll-Russia day oflibrarieslibraries(Day of the librarian)(Day of the librarian)

2. The All-Russia day of libraries by right is also a professionalThe All-Russia day of libraries by right is also a professionalholiday of the Russian librarians Day of the librarian. Thisholiday of the Russian librarians Day of the librarian. Thisprofessional holiday is established by the Decree of theprofessional holiday is established by the Decree of thePresident of the Russian Federation B. N. Yeltsin from May 27,President of the Russian Federation B. N. Yeltsin from May 27,1995 About establishment of the all-Russian day of libraries.1995 About establishment of the all-Russian day of libraries.Decree is told: Considering a big contribution of the RussianDecree is told: Considering a big contribution of the Russianlibraries to development of domestic education, a science andlibraries to development of domestic education, a science andculture and need of further increase of their role for society life,culture and need of further increase of their role for society life,I decide: 1. To establish the all-Russian Day of libraries and toI decide: 1. To establish the all-Russian Day of libraries and tomark out him on May 27, having dated this date for day of themark out him on May 27, having dated this date for day of thebasis in 1795 of the first state public library of Russia basis in 1795 of the first state public library of Russia Imperial public library, nowadays the Russian national library.Imperial public library, nowadays the Russian national library. 3. From history of libraries ofFrom history of libraries ofthe worldthe worldIn Antiquity and in the Ancient East of libraryIn Antiquity and in the Ancient East of libraryexisted in two forms: as book-depositories andexisted in two forms: as book-depositories andas the public centers which tasks includedas the public centers which tasks includeddissemination of knowledge. During an era ofdissemination of knowledge. During an era ofthe early Middle Ages there are libraries atthe early Middle Ages there are libraries atmonasteries and cathedrals. At a turn of themonasteries and cathedrals. At a turn of theXIII-XIV centuries under the influence of beingXIII-XIV centuries under the influence of beingformed university culture in the relation to theformed university culture in the relation to thebook and library there is a change. Thebook and library there is a change. Themonastic book in the spiritual and intellectualmonastic book in the spiritual and intellectualfunction played, first of all, a treasure role.function played, first of all, a treasure role.Unlike it the university book becomes theUnlike it the university book becomes theknowledge tool.knowledge tool. 4. In Paris, Bologna, Padua, OxfordIn Paris, Bologna, Padua, Oxfordthere are libraries at universities.there are libraries at universities.During the Education era theDuring the Education era theincrease in volume of literature onincrease in volume of literature onnatural sciences, history, art innatural sciences, history, art inlibrary strengthens its educationallibrary strengthens its educationalfunction. In the XVIII centuryfunction. In the XVIII centuryeducational function of libraries iseducational function of libraries isrealized in availability of books andrealized in availability of books andinformation to society.information to society. In the XX century the mass publicIn the XX century the mass publiclibrary becomes dominating type oflibrary becomes dominating type oflibrary. The main tasks of library inlibrary. The main tasks of library inthe USSR promotion of books, thethe USSR promotion of books, themanagement of reading, formationmanagement of reading, formationand regulation of readers interestsand regulation of readers interestssaw. Library as a museum andsaw. Library as a museum andtheater, was an importanttheater, was an importantcomponent of cultural space of thecomponent of cultural space of thecity.city. 5. Thefirst dataon librariescarry up thetimeThefirst dataon librariescarry up thetimeof existenceSumer (3000 g BC). Booksof existenceSumer (3000 g BC). Booksplates werestored then in clay jugs. Onplates werestored then in clay jugs. Oneach shelf therewasclay "label", sizeabouteach shelf therewasclay "label", sizeaboutalittlefinger with thenameof branch ofalittlefinger with thenameof branch ofknowledge. Safety of fundswashelped byknowledge. Safety of fundswashelped byterriblecaution: "Theonewho will daretoterriblecaution: "Theonewho will daretocarry away thesetables: start up will punishcarry away thesetables: start up will punishtheanger Ashur and Bleaches, and thetheanger Ashur and Bleaches, and thenameof hisand hissuccessorswill benameof hisand hissuccessorswill beforever buried in oblivion in thiscountry"forever buried in oblivion in thiscountry" Theoutstanding scientist mathematicianTheoutstanding scientist mathematicianNikolay Ivanovich Lobachevsky at theNikolay Ivanovich Lobachevsky at thesametimeheld apost of therector of thesametimeheld apost of therector of theKazan university (1827 1846) and theKazan university (1827 1846) and thedirector of university library.director of university library. 30 yearswereworked in Imperial Public30 yearswereworked in Imperial Publiclibrary of Petersburg by thewriter andlibrary of Petersburg by thewriter andfabulist Ivan Andriyovych Krylov. In thefabulist Ivan Andriyovych Krylov. In thesamelibrary worked: scientist-historiansamelibrary worked: scientist-historianYermolaev, Korf, writer and philosopherYermolaev, Korf, writer and philosopherOdoevsky.Odoevsky. 6. Thefirst library in Russiathelibrary isThefirst library in Russiathelibrary isconsidered at theSofiacathedral in Kiev,considered at theSofiacathedral in Kiev,based in 1037 Yaroslav Mudrym.based in 1037 Yaroslav Mudrym. In theXV century theItalian dukeFederigoIn theXV century theItalian dukeFederigodaMontefeltro developed theinstruction indaMontefeltro developed theinstruction inwhich formulated therequirementsshownwhich formulated therequirementsshownto thelibrarian: learning, pleasant character,to thelibrarian: learning, pleasant character,imposing appearance, eloquence.imposing appearance, eloquence. Many yearswereworked in library ofMany yearswereworked in library ofcardinal Mazarini by theFrench scientistcardinal Mazarini by theFrench scientistGabriel Node. Hewastheauthor of workGabriel Node. Hewastheauthor of work"Councilson thelibrary device" (1627)."Councilson thelibrary device" (1627). it wasconvinced that "it isimpossible it wasconvinced that "it isimpossibleto call disorder collection of bookslibraryto call disorder collection of bookslibraryasit isimpossibleto consider thearmedasit isimpossibleto consider thearmedcrowd asregular army or aheap ofcrowd asregular army or aheap ofconstruction materials thehouse".construction materials thehouse". On theXX century outcomeespeciallyOn theXX century outcomeespeciallywrotemuch and spokeabout theend ofwrotemuch and spokeabout theend oftraditional library and about anewtraditional library and about anewinformation erathough in theXIXinformation erathough in theXIXV.F.Odoevsky described acertainV.F.Odoevsky described acertainmathematical formulawhich will bemathematical formulawhich will bededuced "in order that in thehugebook todeduced "in order that in thehugebook toattack that pagewhich isnecessary and toattack that pagewhich isnecessary and tocalculatequickly, how many pagesthen it iscalculatequickly, how many pagesthen it ispossibleto passflawless".possibleto passflawless". 7. In the XX century Stanislav LemIn the XX century Stanislav Lemin the novel "Magellanic cloud"in the novel "Magellanic cloud"gave one of the most courageousgave one of the most courageousforecasts of development offorecasts of development oflibraries... "... In 2531 the newlibraries... "... In 2531 the newway of storage of human thoughtway of storage of human thoughtwas entered. Began to usewas entered. Began to use: small crystals of: small crystals ofquartz. Kristallik in size with aquartz. Kristallik in size with agrain of sand could comprise asgrain of sand could comprise asmuch information, how manymuch information, how manycontains in the ancientcontains in the ancientencyclopedia. The Centralencyclopedia. The Centraltrionovy library was createdtrionovy library was createduniform forall globe..."uniform forall globe..." 8. Thereismore:Thereismore: Theominousheroineof RussianTheominousheroineof Russiannational fairy tales Woman Yaganational fairy tales Woman Yagawasakeeper of "library of balls", i.e.wasakeeper of "library of balls", i.e.thelibrarian. Quietly sat in an izbaonthelibrarian. Quietly sat in an izbaonkury legsand gaveout lost thewaykury legsand gaveout lost thewayIvanam Tsarevicham worksof nodularIvanam Tsarevicham worksof nodularwriting threadswith signsfrom thewriting threadswith signsfrom thesmall knots, rolled up in balls.small knots, rolled up in balls.Unwinding theancient guidebook,Unwinding theancient guidebook,Ivan read nodular recordsand thusIvan read nodular recordsand thuslearned how to reach aplace.learned how to reach aplace.Probably, TsarevitcheswereProbably, Tsarevitcheswereundisciplined readerssincereturn ofundisciplined readerssincereturn ofballson wood point of issueof theballson wood point of issueof thefairy talehold back. amonastery, livedfairy talehold back. amonastery, livedin acell at thearchimandriteand itin acell at thearchimandriteand itwasesteemed "ayak thescribeiskindwasesteemed "ayak thescribeiskind Thelegend says, asif achernetsThelegend says, asif achernetsdeacon Grigory Otrepyev, futureFalsedeacon Grigory Otrepyev, futureFalseDmitry of I, wasthelibrarian ofDmitry of I, wasthelibrarian ofChudovo and thecopyist".Chudovo and thecopyist". 9. In thelibrary chronicleIn thelibrary chroniclepersons, eventswerereplaced,persons, eventswerereplaced,estimat